Tuwali Ifugao - English


p


panto 1comm. doorway; doorway frame. Deyay panto mi. There is our door. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.) 2trans. to make a door frame. Pantowam nan balem hi udyo. Use mahogany wood for the door frame of your house. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. id. umipot hi panto
panu₁ trans. 1to gather together; to collect together. Panuwon yu nadan inwahit yu. Gather the litter you scattered. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Convey/bring object toward agent. Sim: bingil, bungul, amung, alimungmung, kampeg. (sem. domains: 7.5.9.1 - Load, pile, 7.5.1 - Gather.) 2to gather and pile what is gathered. Ipanu yu nadan lugit nah puun di kaiw. Pile the litter under the tree. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.)
panu₂ trans. to mediate and settle differences between and among people; to arbitrate. Ipanum nadan hintutulang. Settle the differences between the relatives. He-ay mangipanu ke dida te he-ay donglon da. You will be the arbiter. i‑/iN‑, mangi‑/nangi‑. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: 4.8.4.4 - Negotiate.)
panuyu trans. to blame someone; to accuse someone of being at fault. Impanuyu dan Jose nan natalak an otak. They blamed Jose for the lost machete. Panuyuwon dan hiya nan natalak an pihhu. They blamed him for the lost money. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 4.7.5.3 - Accuse, confront.)
panyuk 1comm. handkerchief. Pinhod kuy ambilbilog an panyuk. I like a wider handkerchief. Humong-ot kah panyuk mu. Blow your nose in your handkerchief. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2intrans. to pocket a handkerchief. Mumpanyuk ka hin ume kad Lagawe te maka-atung hidi. Pocket a handerchief if you go to Lagawe because it is very hot there. muN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: panyu.
pangabak (der. of abak) comm. winnings; refers to the money won in gambling. Kaatnay pangabak yu? How much are your winnings? paN‑. Syn: pangapput. (sem. domains: 4.2.6 - Entertainment, recreation.)
pangal comm. the cartilage and bony structure surrounding the mouth; jaw, chin. Dinnuntuk da di pangal na ot mipangel di gunit na. Somebody socked his jaw and his bone was dislocated. Sim: pahung. (sem. domains: 2.1 - Body.)
pangali (infl. of kali, paN-) v. to think. Pangalik pe on attiken tagu mu handi immomwa ya atag-e. I thought he was a short man but when he straightened up he was tall. (sem. domains: 3.2 - Think.)
panganan (der. of kan) nom. a place for eating; a dining room, a table or a designated area outdoors during feasts. An umustu taku tuh panganan? Are we enough at this table?
pangapput (der. of apput) nom. the winnings in gambling. Ongal di pangapput na handi hilong. His winnings last night were big. Syn: pangabak. (sem. domains: 4.2.6 - Entertainment, recreation.)
pangat (der. of at) 1nom. refers to a custom, a particular way of doing something. Athituy pangat di ibaliwon. This is the way lowlanders do things. Athituy pangat di aammod dih done. This is a custom of our ancestors. Sim: e-e, pangi-e. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2comm. facility or skill; know-how; the means to do things. Maid di pangat da. They do not have the means to do things. (sem. domains: 3.2.3 - Know.)
pangayan (infl. of e) 1intrans. used as a greeting, hello, literally means ‘where are you going’. Daanay pangayam? / Pangayam? Where are you going? paN‑ ‑an. 2trans. a form used to topicalize the place one is going. Hay pangayan da ya ad Lagawe. The place where they are going to is Lagawe.
pangdal trans. 1to shore up or prop something up; may be diagonal or horizontal positioning. Pangdalam hi nunhina-ob ta adi matu-i. Shore it up on both sides so that it will not fall down. Ipangdal mu nan kawayan Use the bamboo in shoring it up. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.) 2to lean something against another thing. Ipangdal mu nah kaiw nan hinogpat. Lean the bundle of canegrass sticks against the tree. i‑/iN‑.
pangdo comm. protruding stones in a mud dike for access to a higher terrace. Idalan mun nah pangdo hi em alan nan gaud ta gagala. Pass through the protruding stones when you go to get the spade so that it will be faster.
pangel sta. does not fit properly; unaligned. Nipangel nan hukap na. The cover does not fit properly. mi‑/ni‑.
panggep (fr. var. mipanggep) rel. with reference to; about; concerning something; with regard to. Kalyom ke ha-oy di panggep nah naat. Tell me about what happened. Kalkalyonay mipanggep ke Kristo. He is telling things about Christ. mi‑. (sem. domains: 9.6.2.2 - Limitation of topic.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
pangha sta. describes a spoiled tuber that is hardened with an acrid odor. (sem. domains: 6.2.5.4 - Plant product.)
pang-o 1comm. a necklace made of agate or amber beads. Waday pang-on da apu handi kanu. My grandparents had agate necklaces before, it is said. (sem. domains: 5.4.1 - Jewelry.) 2trans. to have someone wear a necklace. Pang-owan yu nan imbabale. Have your child wear a necklace. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3intrans. to wear necklace. Mumpang-o ka te manayo kayu. Wear a necklace because you are going to dance. muN‑/nuN‑.
pangi trans. to remove a piece from a bunch or cluster. Pangiyom nadan balat ta idat mun tudah u-unga. Remove the bananas from the hand and give them to these children. Pumangi ka agah ohan balat. Please get a banana for me. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 7.5.1.1 - Separate, scatter.)
pangi- dervN. this prefix is a clausal nominalizing affix. Dida boy mangiat nadah mahapul hi pangipaptok ke datuwe. They are the ones who will do what is necessary in caring for those things. Iphod muy pangiha-ad mu nadah karga. Place the baggage nicely (lit. placement of baggage) Sim: impaN-, impangi-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.3 - Derivational affixes.)
pangiayan (sp. var. of pangieyan)
pangieyan (sp. var. pangiayan) (infl. of ie) trans. a place where something or someone is taken. Ad Lagawe di pangieyan yu nah mundogo. Lagawe is where you should take the sick person. pangi‑ ‑an.
pangi- -an₁ top. this circumfix cross-references a topicalized place, instrument or beneficiary semantic roles or modal word or phrase; non-past tense. Deket palhu di pangiha-angam, mahapul an uggan mu ikiwa ta mun-iingngoy lutu na. If a skillet is used, it is necessary to stir the rice from time to time so that it will be cooked evenly. Intibon ama nah pottok nan pumpangituludan dan hiya ya inang-ang na. My father looked in the direction where they were pushing him and he saw it. Nagibbu ke nan kapkapyan di hagabi, kalyon day algoh pangihakyatan da. When the hagabi-bench is completed, they set the day that it will be brought home. Dahdiy pangidatan nah pihu? To whom will the money be given? Sim: nangi- -an.
pangi- -an₂ dervN. this circumfix is a clausal nominalizer; non-past tense. Takon ad uwani ya hay pangaan hi dogoy pangipuunan di dakol an tataguh pangulug da. Even now healing (lit. removal of sickness) is the foremost reason that many people have faith. Hopdam di lopohhan hi daun ta pangilpoham. (In the meantime, get some banana leaves and ) spread these over a fermentation container for the purpose of your fermenting.
pangi-e (der. of e) nom. refers to the way of doing things; customs; culture. Hay ke pangi-en di ammod ya bakiyan day mumpundogo. The custom of our ancestors was to perform rituals for the sick. Mahapul an iunud takuh pangi-en Apu Dios. We must follow the ways of God. pangi‑. Sim: e-e, pangat. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)