Tuwali Ifugao - English


p


pangipa- top. this prefix encodes a topicalized causative. Ong-ongal di pangipaamlang di pamhod mun ha-on mu hay mainum. (Song of Songs 4:10b) Your love for me causes greater happiness then wine. Takon nin di kanan yuy nahalman di pangipadayaw mih kalebbengan min muntuttudu ya adiyak bumain te hituwen kalebbengan mi ya pamaddang min dakayu, bokon hay kadadagan yu. (2 Corinth 10:8) Even should you think that our authority to teach gives too much honor to us, I am not ashamed because this authority is meant to help you, not destroy you. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)
pangipa- -an caus. this circumfix has a topicalized agent, a causative agent in the subject position in the clause, and a definite cross-referenced object. Dahdiy pangipaalian da nadah liblu? Who will they have bring those books here? Hi Juan di pangipadikhalak nah ongal an kaiw. Juan will be the one that I will have split the big piece of wood. Sim: nangipa- -an. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)
pangipuunan (der. of puun) nom. refers to the basis or reason for what people do or believe. Takon ad uwani ya hay pangaan hi dogoy pangipuunan di dakol an tataguh pangulug da. Even now healing is the foremost reason that many people have faith. pangi‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 9.6.2.4 - Basis.)
pangngel₁ 1comm. a portion; a piece. Idat mu nan pangngel di tinapay hi tulang mu. Give your brother a portion of the bread. (sem. domains: 8.1.6.1 - Part.) 2trans. to remove a portion. Pangngelam nan balat ta idat mun hiya. Remove a portion of the banana and give it to him. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 7.8 - Divide into pieces.)
pangngel₂ comm. a part of, refers to the side of an object. Ihukbung mu nan papangngel di daun an niphod. Fix the sides of the leaves to cover the top well. Inumbun da nah pangngel nan lobong. They sat at the side of the lake. (sem. domains: 8.6 - Parts of things.)
pangok 1comm. pestilence in animals; a type of spreading infectious disease of animals. Immaliy pangok kinali nap-uy manuk. A pestilence came that is why the chickens are gone. (sem. domains: 6.3.8.1 - Animal diseases.) 2sta. to be killed by pestilence. Adina pinhod an ihda te napangok. He does not want to eat it because it died from a pestilence. ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives.
pangu sta. to be toothless. Mahakit nan pangu na te nigalgal hi gunit. His toothless gums are painful because he chewed bones. Napanguwanak mu maid pustisuk. I am toothless but have no false teeth. Napangu nan bob-a na handi dinuntuk da. His tooth was removed when they socked him. ma‑/na‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. (sem. domains: 2.1.1.5 - Tooth.)
pangulu (der. of ulu) adj. refers to anything that is before another in sequence or importance; to be first. paN‑. Number quantifier. (sem. domains: 8.1.1.5 - Numbered group.) der. impangulu der. mangipangpangulu
pangulug (der. of kulug) nom. a belief in someone or something; used particularly for Christian faith. Takon ad uwani ya hay pangaan hi dogoy pangipuunan di dakol an tataguh pangulug da. Even now healing is the foremost reason that many people have faith. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.1 - Believe.)
panguluwan (der. of ulu) comm. first born child. (sem. domains: 4.1.9.1 - Related by birth.)
pao-a (sp. var. of paw-a) comm. bird species, goes alone; small, light yellow breast, other parts are green. Linattik nan unga on pao-a. The child hit a pao-a-bird with a slingshot. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)
paok sta. to have a hoarse voice. Tinaganay koga kinali napaok. He has been crying so much that now he has a hoarse voice. ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.1 - Voice, 2.2.2 - Cough, sneeze.)
paot trans. to carve wood. Paotom nan akasya hi tagtaggu. Carve the acacia tree into a figure of a man. Mumpaot da hi gawgawa. They are carving a duck. Pumaot kah duwan poltan. Carve two roosters. Paotam hi gulding tun unga. Carve a goat for this child. Paotan yu tun onob hi tatagun manayo. Carve people who are dancing on this door. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut, 6.6.4 - Crafts.)
papa comm. refers to a father; may be used as an address. Immeh payo hi papa. Father went to the fields. Syn: ama. (sem. domains: 4.1.9.1 - Related by birth.) Language Of Borrowing: English.
papak comm. bamboo clappers used in the ricefield to drive away rice birds. Linikkud mih papak nan payo. We surrounded the field with bamboo clappers. (sem. domains: 6.2.8 - Agricultural tool.)
papan 1comm. bullet. An waday papan nae? Does that have a bullet in it? Mahapul an yuduwon dat bumudal nan guk-ung di papan ta ahida bo ha-adan hi ohan papan. They needed to push out the empty shell with a stick and insert another one. Syn: bala. (sem. domains: 4.8.3.7 - Weapon, shoot.) 2trans. to use bullets. Ipapan mu nan indat kun he-a. Use the bullets I gave you. Batu di pamapan hi lattik. Stones are used for bullets in slingshots. i‑/iN‑, paN‑. 3trans. to load a gun with bullets. Papanam nan palattug mu te dakol day hamuti hitu. Load your gun because there are many birds here. Kanak on ugge napapanan kinali kinalbit. I thought that it was not loaded that is why I squeezed the trigger. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an.
papas trans. to be diligent; to do something exhaustively. Ipapas nan munggarden. He gardens diligently. i‑/iN‑. Sim: hapot. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
papel comm. paper. Hay papel di puntolog mu. Start the fire by burning paper. Punha-adan yuh papel hanadan ubunan. Put papers on your seats. (sem. domains: 6.2.5.4 - Plant product.) Language of Borrowing: English.
papom comm. bird species. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)
pappahluk (sp. var. of pahpahluk) a wasp. Sim: alig, babayung, balingog, pahok, iyyukan.
paptok 1trans. to care for something or someone; attend to someone. Nahalman di pamaptok kun hiya mu kapyanan makadoggo. I am giving him much care but it is his nature to be sickly. Hi Juan di mumpaptok nah golang ad uwani. Juan will be the one to care for the child today. An inilam an mangipaptok? kanan bon inaonan hi Magappid. Do you know how to take care of it?” Aunt Magappid said. Wadan pidwana ke ya ahi makaippaptok am-in Perhaps the next time, it will be well-planned (lit. well cared for). Ya gapuh kabaelana ya ipaptok ditaku gapuh pangulug takun Jesus ingganay ipaannung na nan nihwangan taku hantuh kapoppogan di luta. (1 Pedro 1:5) And the reason for the power (of that hope) is he will care for us, based on our faith in Jesus, until he fulfills our salvation at the time of the ending of the earth. Kon adiyu tibon an maid di ad-adih naat ke ditaku te impaptok ditaku ya impangapput ditakun APU DIOS? (1 Samuel 30:23b) Don’t you see that nothing bad happened to us because God cared for us and caused us to defeat them? i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑, mangi‑/nangi‑, makai‑. 3I Direct action toward object. (sem. domains: 4.3.4.5.2 - Care for.) 2intrans. to raise domestic animals. Mumpaptok kah chickens. Raise chickens. muN‑/nuN‑. infl. mangipaptok
papudilan (infl. of pudil) trans. to place something in the mouth of a child. Papudilam nan golang ta umop-opya. Place something in the mouth of the child so that he will keep quiet. pa‑ ‑an.
papuut advpred. to do something quickly. Ipapuut nay ngunuh payo. He works quickly in the field. Siguladun naagangan te papuutanay kakan. It’s certain he’s very hungry because he is eating quickly. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.8 - Speed.)
para₁ prep. for; marks a purpose or intended goal. Hituwe ke ya para ke Juan. This is for Juan. Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog.
para₂ 1adjunct. this word is said when riding a vehicle upon reaching a destination. Para! Hitu kami mo. Stop! We’ll get down here. Interjection. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.) 2v. to stop a vehicle to ride or alight. Mumpara nan nunlugan yaden ugge dingngol nan munmaneho. The passenger told the driver to stop but he did not hear. Mumpara kami handi nala-u kayu mu ugge yu intikod. We were asking you to stop when you passed by but you didn’t stop. Paraon yu nan tolak an mangali. Stop the vehicle that is coming. Paraom hin mipottok takuh bale. Stop the vehicle when we are directly in front of our house. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑on/‑in‑.