Tuwali Ifugao - English


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onwad comm. an herb variety mixed with ginger and powdered rice to make native yeast; a flowering plant similar to an aster. Konan di tomolan di onwad. The onwad-plant seldom grows in any place. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.)
onga comm. the low sustained sound made by cows; moo. (sem. domains: 1.6.4.3 - Animal sounds.)
ongag (fr. var. of ongal) adj. big in size; grow in size. (sem. domains: 8.2 - Big.)
ongal (fr. var. ongag) 1adj. describes something which is large in size; big. Eta tuwali madlig on mahapul an mitakke ta kinali ongal di umeh pulit. Every time you move you have to ride, that is why a big amount goes for fare. Ongal di matanan nakappaldang hi angana. It has big, round eyes that are close together on its face. (refers to an owl) Inwalakana hanan lata ot ikawot na hanah ongal an batu. She let go of the can and held on to a big stone. Size quantifier. (sem. domains: 8.2 - Big.) 2become large in size. 2.1proc. refers to the process of becoming larger in size. Umongal nan manuk hin panganom hin mumpitluh ohan algo. The chicken will become big if you feed it three times a day. Mungkaongal ka. You are becoming big. Immongal ka mo gayam ya timmag-e ka pay. You have become big now and you are tall, too. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, mungka‑. (sem. domains: 9.1.1.2 - Become, change state.) 2.2sta. to be large in size. Naongal nan ek intanom. My plants grew big. Naongal nan bale da. Their house is big. Mangan ka ta maongal ka. You eat so you’ll grow big. ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 8.2 - Big, 8.2.1 - Small.) 2.3trans. to cause to become big. Iongal na nan inumonan gattak. It will become big because of the milk it is drinking. i‑/iN‑. ongngal der. mangong-ongal der. ong-ongal der. ongnga-ongngal n. ph. ongal di bulan
ongal di bulan (n. ph. of bulan, ongal) comm. full moon; big moon. Ongal di bulan kinali mun-ay-ayyam day u-unga nah dola. It’s a full moon, that is why the children are playing in the yard. Sim: bulabbulan. (sem. domains: 1.1.1.1 - Moon.)
ongal di tokom (id. of tok’o) talks a lot. an idiom that describes someone who talks a lot (lit. big mouth) Ongal di tokom. You are talkative.
ong-ong trans. to dedicate something to a god or a cause. Ianamut pay nadan ngunut an nakapya balituk a silber an miong-ong nadah dios da. He will take home the objects made of gold and silver to be dedicated to their gods. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: 4.9.5.8 - Dedicate to religious use.)
ong-ongal (der. of ongal) adj. 1refers to the older in a comparison of children. [This is the comparative form of ongal ‘big’.] Hi Luis an ong-ongal ya himpuluy toona ya hi ke Julie ya onom. Luis, the older (lit. the bigger one), was ten years old and Julie was six. (sem. domains: 8.4.2 - Take time.) 2refers to something that is of a bigger size in a comparison of two objects. Dimension quantifier. (sem. domains: 8.2.8 - Measure.)
ongnga-ongngal (der. of ongal) quan. refers to something that is very, very big. Abunay hukik an nangipakkid nah adol di kaiw, mu ongnga-ongngal ot muntattayunak nah hapang. It was only my legs that held on around the trunk of the tree; but it was very big so I had to hang from a branch. CV(C)CV .
ongngal (ongal) quan. quantifies by size, any noun referent, i. e. person, place or thing. Manibo dah ohan magangan ongngal an kaiw. They search for a large, hardwood tree. Mangin-innum da moy tagu ya hamulon da nan ongngal an nuwang an makalin hidug. After the free-for-all rice-throwing, the people go on with the merrymaking, drinking and feasting on a big carabao called a hidug. (sem. domains: 8.2 - Big.) infl. kaongngalan
ongot trans. to threaten action. Ing-ot nay otak ke ha-on. He threatened me with his bolo. Ining-ot nan eyak duntukon. He threatened to hit me. Ining-otan nah otak kinali bimmoh-ol. He feinted at him with a bolo that is why he is mad. i‑/iN‑, i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: 4.3.5.5 - Deceive.) infl. ing-ot
opa₁ comm. a ritual ceremony for shock or sudden death. (sem. domains: 4.9.5 - Practice religion.)
opa₂ 1trans. to land or alight some place; usually referring to a bird alighting somewhere; may also be used of a plane landing. Daanay opaan nan gawwang? Where will the crow alight? ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. 2intrans. to alight or land on something. Inumpa nan hamuti nah hapang. The bird alighted on the branch. ‑um‑/‑inum‑. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.5 - Move down.)
opa₃ sta. hatched; for an egg to be hatched. Nap-a na itlug ad nakugab. The eggs hatched yesterday. ma‑/ns‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. Sim: ob-ob. (sem. domains: 1.6.3.1 - Egg.)
opat adj. the cardinal number four. Iyam di opat an mangga. Give me four mangoes. Number quantifier. (sem. domains: 8.1.1.1 - Cardinal numbers.) comp. himpulut opat der. hin-op-at der. kap-at
ope trans. to cast a spell on someone. Inopayan Kuyappi hi Bugan te nanayo da. Kuyappi cast a spell on Bugan because they were dancing. i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: 4.9.4.1 - Sorcery.)
opereyt₁ 1trans. to operate on someone; to perform surgery on someone. Inopereyt day putuna. They operated on his stomach. Opereyton da nan puhu na. They will operate on his heart. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the stucture of object. (sem. domains: 2.5.7 - Treat disease.) 2intrans. to perform surgery; to operate. Mun-operayt da mod uwani nah pun-agahan. They are performing surgery now in the hospital. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: English.
opereyt₂ intrans. to run or use a machine, e.g. a chainsaw, a loader. Inilanan mun-opereyt hi chainsaw. He knows how to use a chainsaw. muN‑/nuN‑.
opereytor comm. operator of a machine. Hiya nan operaytor di bulduser. He is the bulldozer operator. Language Of Borrowing: English.
opisina (sp. var. upisina) 1comm. office. Mungngunuwak hi opisina. I am working in an office. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.) 2intrans. to report for work in an office. Mun-opisina da hi bigat. They will report for work in the office tomorrow. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: oficina.
opisyal 1comm. an official of the government or military. Opisyal nan imbabale na. His child is an officer. Datuwe nan opisyal an nalpud Lagawe. These are the officials who came from Lagawe. (sem. domains: 4.6.6 - Government functions, 4.8.3.6.4 - Soldier.) 2intrans. to become an officer or official. Pinhod nan mun-opisyal damdama. He also wants to be an official. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: oficial.
opol comm. clotted blood. In-utanay opol. He vomitted clotted blood. (sem. domains: 2.2.5 - Bleed, blood.)
opong 1pass. to be given a share of something. Tibom ta map-ong kayun am-in. See to it that all will have a share. Ugge da nap-ong di tatagu. The people were not all given their shares. 2trans. to distribute something to each one. Inip-ip-ong day nangidatan dan nah pihhu. They distributed evenly their giving of the money. Adim ip-ong di pangidattam nah makan. Do not choose to whom you will give a share of food. i‑/iN‑. 3B Move and release object. (sem. domains: 4.3.4.5 - Share with, 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.) der. kap-ong infl. ip-ong
opot (sp. var. oppot) 1comm. the fault of person, implies the assigning of responsibility for something bad. Opot mu te adika magilat. It is your fault because you never learn your lesson. (sem. domains: 8.3.7.1 - Bad.) 2intrans. to act together similarly; to collaborate in wrongdoing; to ape or imitate with a negative connotation. Nun-ooppot di pangat yu. All of you act in the same bad way. muN‑/nuN‑ CV‑. 3trans. to imitate others in wrongdoing. Ip-ot mu damdaman adim donglon di kalin amam. You are also imitating them, not listening to your father. i‑/iN‑.
oppot (sp. var. of opot)