Tuwali Ifugao - English


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kamatis (sp. var. kamatit) comm. tomato. Nalakay kamatis ad uwani. Tomatoes are cheap these days. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.)
kamatit (sp. var. of kamatis)
kame trans. to crush cooked food into small pieces by squeezing with hand; to feel or grope for something with hand, e.g. in washing of rice, looking for shellfish in paddy. Kinamekame na nan kanon di babuy. He crushed the food of the pig with his hands. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of object. Syn: kamli. (sem. domains: 7.7.4 - Press, 7.3.4.5 - Actions of the hand.)
kamel (sp. var. of kamal) trans. to place something in the mouth.
kami pers. we exclusive; first person, plural, exclusive pronoun; member of Set 2 subject; cross-referenced by verbal affix. Maid kami hidi handi hilong. We were not there last night. Nun-ampuyo kamin am-in an binabai. All of us women wore the Ifugao skirt. Maphod te immaliy dakol hi lugan ot ume kami. Luckily there were many rides so that we could go. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)
kamihhita (sp. var. of kamahhita) comm. T-shirt.
kamiling 1comm. a tree variety that has sap which causes skin eruptions. [When the wood is dried it may be used for fuel but care must be taken when chopping down because of the sap’s affect on the skin.] Waday tinummol hi kamiling nah da-ul di tuping. A kamiling-tree grew below the stone wall. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.) 2sta. to have dermatitis because of contact with the kamiling tree. [Traditional belief is that a mumbaki can cure the dermatitis by blowing on it with a betelnut mix and an invocation.] Nakamiling handi e nanogpat. He had contact with the kamiling-tree when he went to get cane grass. ma‑/na‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. (sem. domains: 2.5.2.2 - Skin disease.)
kamison 1comm. a chemise; a slip, full or half body. E gimmatang hi kamison na. She went to buy herself a chemise. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2intrans. to wear a chemise. Hay da binabai di mungkamison. It is the women who wear a chemise. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: camison.
kamkam 1comm. wood, small pieces of branches; splinters of wood. Sim: bunhik, lamka. (sem. domains: 6.2.5.4 - Plant product.) 2trans. to gather small pieces of branches or splinters of wood. Eka mangamkam ya eno? Would you mind picking up pieces of wood? maN‑.
kamkamil-at comm. worm, caterpillar species, light brown or off-white; sticks on trunks of trees, causes itching of skin. Nidan-i nan kamkamil-at nah taklek ya makakiyyaki. The kamkamil-at-worm brushed my hand and it was very itchy. Gen: bigi. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)
kamli trans. to crush cooked food into small pieces by squeezing with hand, for feeding dogs or pigs. Kamlikamliyom nan hinamal ya gattuk ne ahim ipakan nah ahu. Crush the rice and camote together before you give them to the dog. Adim kamliyon nan gattuk eno. Don’t crush the camote, okay. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of object. Syn: kame. (sem. domains: 7.7.4 - Press.)
kamming-it comm. a bee species; makes house out of soil; the young bee is edible; very small honeycomb can be found on cane grass leaves. Dakol di kammming-it nah nanogpatan da. There are a lot of kamming-it-bees in the place where they cut cane grass. Gen: babayung. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)
kammo (sp. var. of kamo)
kamo (sp. var. kammo) to mix. 1.1bitrans. to combine or mix one thing with another. Na-ala ot ikamom nan asukar nah arina ot ihaang mu. You just mix the sugar with the flour and then you cook it. i‑/iN‑ . 3C Move, combine or attach object. (sem. domains: 7.5.3 - Mix.) 1.2trans. to mix or combine something, with the focus on the site-object . Kamowam hi dayakkot nan boga. Mix the sticky rice with the other rice. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 1.3sta. to be mixed; refers to a mixture of things. Nungkammo di kinan na kinali mahakit di putuna. What he ate was a mixture, that is why his stomach is painful. muN‑/nuN‑. 1.4pass. refers to the two things being mixed together. Eka mikamo didah tatagu. Go and be mixed with the people. Nikamo nan danum nah asukal. The water has been mixed with the sugar. Mahapul an makaikammo nan binokbok. The yeast must be well-mixed with the rice. mi‑/ni‑.
kampeg sta. to be grouped together. Nakampeg nadan hamuti nah ohan hapang. The birds were grouped together on a branch. ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives. Sim: bingil, bungul, amung, alimungmung, panu. (sem. domains: 7.5.1 - Gather.)
kampu (fr. var. pungkampuwan) 1comm. camp. Daan di kampu yu? Where is your camp? (sem. domains: 4.6.7 - Region, 5.9 - Live, stay.) 2intrans. to build a camp; to stay temporarily in someone’s house. Mungkampu da nadan tindalu nah tap-on di wangwang. The soldiers will build a camp above the river. Mungkampu da nadan imbabalen Juan nah balen Pio. The children of Juan will lodge in the house of Pio. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to build a camp or place to lodge temporarily. puN‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: campo.
kamu sta. to be hindered to work. Nakamu te kat-ungona. She is hindered to work because she just gave birth. ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 9.4.2.2 - Can't.)
kamukamu trans. to do something by trial and error. Adiyu yu kamukamuwon nan impangunuk. Do not do the task I gave you by trial and error. Matibon nakamukamu nan nginunu da. It could be seen that the work they did was by trial and error. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 9.1.2 - Do.)
kan 1intrans. to eat, indefinite as to what is eaten. <This root is never used alone.> Mangan taku. Let’s eat. Hin-uddum an adika mangan. At times you don’t eat. Da Pedro ke Ben di nangan hanah inha-ang mu. It was Pedro and Ben who ate what you cooked. maN‑/naN‑. (sem. domains: 5.2.2 - Eat.) 2to eat. 2.1trans. the food being eaten is specific and cross-referenced. Kanon yun am-in nan ginatang na. Eat everything he bought. ‑on/‑in‑. 2.2trans. to eat a specific food continuously; the food being eaten is cross-referenced. Kanokanona nan inhaad kun tinapay nah basket. He was always eating the bread I placed in the basket. Kanokanon nadan buding nan page. The birds keep eating the palay. ‑on/‑in‑ + CV(C)CV‑. 2.3intrans. to join in eating. Immali da ke nan imbabalek hi baleyu on nakikan da. Whenever my children go to your house they eat there. maki‑/naki‑. 2.4trans. indicates utensil used for eating. Hituwe nan nangikanan min duyu te teyay marka na. This is the plate we used for eating because here is the mark. mangi‑ ‑an/nangi‑ ‑an. 3nom. edible food, usually used for snack, fruit, bread, etc. Imme nah muyung ot e umalah makmakkan. He went to the forest to get some edible food. nganan der. makan der. panganan der. pinnangan id. kay hamutin mangan id. kay ka babuy an mangan id. kay munhabun mangan id. kay nanganan di ahuy nanganan yu id. kay nanganan di gulding id. kay nanganan di kabayu infl. ikan infl. mangan infl. pakan
kanah-in (sp. var. of kah-in) advpred. must; expresses a necessity. (sem. domains: 9.4.2.3 - Necessary .)
kanal 1comm. a canal, open water channel; mainly for irrigation and drainage. Maid di liting nah kanal te maugo. There is no water in the canal because it’s the dry season. Sim: paluk, boy’a, alak. (sem. domains: 1.3.2.1 - Flow.) 2trans. to build a canal. Kanalan yu nan pingngit di dola yu. Build a canal at the edge of your houseyard. Mungkanal da. They are digging a canal. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. Language Of Borrowing: English.
kanan to say. 1.1trans. a quotation form meaning say, said, tell, or told. Kanan day deke mo kanu ta pidwana ya adida makie. They said that the next time they would not join the group. Om, an kanan min Mayor. We told the Mayor yes. Speech Verbs. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.) 1.2trans. a quotation form meaning thought, wish. Kanak hi nomnom kuy “Makamman-un dida te kay nakalakka. I said to myself, “It’s good for them because it seems easy.” Handi immingleyak mo ya kanak di nalakan lumah-un. Then, I got tired and thought it would be easy to go down. (sem. domains: 3.2.1.1 - Think about, 3.2 - Think.)
kananaket (comp. of kananat) adjunct. just in case. Kananaket adim pinhod nan ihda ya ibagam. Just in case you do not like the viand, just say so. Attitudinal. Sim: hin anoka ta. (sem. domains: 9.4.4.4 - Possible.)
kananat adjunct. expresses either a possibility or probability. <The word always co-occurs with the conjunction hin.> Ya hin kananat manganga ta adi pakakalit maid di innunan mumbaki. And if he cannot speak, then there is no one who can say the rituals and prayers. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 9.4.4.3 - Probably.) comp. hin kananat comp. kananaket
kanayun adv. implies an habitual aspect of an action or event; always. Kanayun an maid di tagu hi bale da. Always, there is no one in their house. Time. Sim: ta nangamung, ta inggana, latta, nanong. (sem. domains: 8.4.6 - Aspectual time.)