Tuwali Ifugao - English


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karton (sp. var. of kalton) comm. cardboard box. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.)
kasal 1comm. wedding celebration. Waday kasal ad Ambabag an pakihamulan. There is a wedding celebration in Ambabag where we could attend the feasting. (sem. domains: 2.6.1 - Marriage.) 2trans. to marry someone. Kasalon nan padi dida. The priest will be the one to marry them. Ikasal da nan imbabalen Doming hi toon. They will marry the daughter of Doming next year. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 4.2.2.1 - Ceremony.) 3intrans. to marry. Nungkasal da Nita ke Pedro. Nita and Pedro got married. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: casar.
kasilyas (sp. var. of katilyat)
kasinsilyu (sp. var. katintilyu) 1comm. undershorts; underpants E gimmatang hi kasinsilyun nan inbabale na. She went to buy undershorts for her son. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2intrans. to wear undershorts. Mungkasinsilyo ka eno. You wear your undershorts, okay? muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
kaskasdaaw adj. for something to be inexplicable; amazing, perplexing. Hituwe ya kaskasdaaw mo ahan an naat mu uggeyak timmakut. This that happened was bewildering, but I was not afraid. Takon nan inayana ya matama te kaskasdaaw. Even her spouse did not know (about it) because it was perplexing. Qualifier. (sem. domains: 3.2.4.3 - Mysterious.)
kaspangarigan adjunct. this adjunct modifies a statement that is a specific example of the more general statement that precedes it Nu kaspangarigan ta pinhod mu pay an mumbidbid hi novels ya bidbid mu nadan historical. If, for example, you like to read novels then, read those historical ones. Deket kaspangarigan ta waday makahhapul mu ya ma-ma-idan di pihhum ya tawagam hi Pedro. Now, just in case you have an urgent need and you don’t have any money, call Pedro. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 3.5.8.4 - Show, indicate.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
kastigu 1comm. punishment. Hinae di kastigu na te mungngohe. That is his punishment because he is obstinate. (sem. domains: 4.7.7 - Punish.) 2trans. to inflict penalty for an offense; to punish. Kastiguwon daka hin mangako ka. They will punish you if you steal. Kinastigu da an impikalabut da. They punished him by imprisoning him. Nan huwes di mangastigu ke he-a. The judge will be the one to punish you. Bokon ya abuh Juan an kastiguwon da. It’s not only Juan whom they will punish. ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑/naN‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: castigo.
kasu 1comm. refers to a civil lawsuit Hay kasu na ya pimmate. As for his case, it’s murder. (sem. domains: 4.7.4 - Court of law.) 2trans. to sue; to bring a case to court. Ikasu dakan dida hin adim tobalon nan molta da. They will sue you in court if you do not accept your fine. Kasuwan dakan pimmate. They will sue you for murder. Kinasuwan da hi Peter. They filed a case against Peter. Mungkinnasu da te adida mun-unnud nah hummangan da. They will sue each other in court because they could not come to terms. i‑/iN, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑ ‑inn‑. (sem. domains: 4.7.5 - Trial.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: caso.
katagu (der. of tagu) 1nom. to have the physical stature of a human being. Ongal di katagu nan manatakut. He is big of stature which is frightening. (sem. domains: 9.1.3.1 - Physical, non-physical.) 2nom. refers to the characteristics of having a human nature. (sem. domains: 2 - Person.)
katagutagu (der. of tagu) comm. refers to all of mankind. Gulat na te hay nahlagan di katagutagu ya hi Noah, adi ot nahalman an nunhihinnatkon di katagun hantudan katagutagu hantuh tap-on di luta. Supposedly because mankind descended from Noah, there should be no great difference in stature among all the people on the surface of the earth. ka‑ + CV(C)CV. (sem. domains: 2 - Person.)
katalakan di bulan (n. ph. of bulan) comm. new moon. Umala da allama na katalakan di bulan. They catch crabs during the new moon. (sem. domains: 1.1.1.1 - Moon.)
katam 1comm. a tool for smoothing wood; a plane. Alam nan katam ke Domingo. Get the plane from Domingo. Sim: tapilya. (sem. domains: 6.7.1 - Cutting tool.) 2trans. to smooth wood with a plane. Katamom nan udyon tabla. Smooth the mahogany board. Kinatam na nan poste. They smoothed the post. Mungkatam dah dulung. They are smoothing floor boards. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
katanungan di bulan (n. ph. of bulan) comm. full moon. Umali da katanungan di bulan. They will come during the full moon. (sem. domains: 1.1.1.1 - Moon.)
katang sta. refers to a brief period of time. Nakatang biyag mi tuh luta. Our life here on earth is short. na‑. (sem. domains: 8.4.2 - Take time.) infl. hingkatang infl. nakatang
katatakut (der. of takut) nom. something that causes fear; frightening. Dakol di atonan katatakut. He did many frightening things. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.4 - Afraid.)
katayan (der. of mate) nom. the cessation of physical life; death. Toan di katayana. The time of his death is unknown. (sem. domains: 2.6.6 - Die.)
katbalan (der. of tobal) nom. refers to one who is respected, approved or honored. Hituwen makalin hagabi di katbalan di tagu peman te kibalinana ya kaddakaddangyana te dakol di longonah nuwang ya babuy. This so-called prestige feast hagabi entitles a man to due respect (by his co-villagers) because its very performance shows that he is very rich indeed since he can afford to butcher many carabao and pigs. (sem. domains: 4.5.5 - Honor.)
kate (der. of mate) 1nom. death; cease to exist. Nih-up di katek kinali pinhod dakayun idattan hi tugun ta kaina ot ahan ya munhinpapasensiya kayu ta maan-alay ahik katayan. My death is nearing that is why I want to give you advice in order that you forgive each other so that I shall die happily. ka‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 2.6.6 - Die.) 2v. the time of death is in view. Kon-anay nakattayana? When did he die? Kon-anay katayana? When will he die?
kat-agu (der. of tagu) 1adj. young adult male or female; adulthood ranges in age from about 15-35 years old. Kat-agu mo nan imbabalem. Your child is already a grown-up. Qualifier. Sim: hikon. (sem. domains: 2 - Person.) 2proc. to become an adult. Kimmat-agu di nagibbuy gubat. He became an adult after the war. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. der. kimmat-agu
katibanglan comm. a fern tree variety; fern trunk. Katibanglan di imballabag da nah uwang. They spanned the hole with fern trunks. Kinapya da nan katibanglan hi tattaggu. They made statues out of the katibanglan-trunk. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)
katigolya comm. articulate; witty. [This refers to the ability of someone to use words in unusual and humorous ways.] Nalaing di katigolya na. He is skillful in his (use of) wit. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.)
katilyat (sp. var. kasilyas) 1comm. place for depositing body wastes; toilet. Mangapya da katilyat They are making a toilet. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.) 2intrans. to use the toilet. E mungkatilyat hi Pedro te mahakit di putu na. Pedro is going to the toilet because he is having stomach pains. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: casillas.
katintilyu (sp. var. of kasinsilyu) comm. undershorts; underpants.
katkat trans. to search through a pile or container, usually by taking out all the contents somewhat haphazardly. Katkatom nadan luput mu ta hamakom nan pihhu. Search through your pile of clothes and look for your money. Kinakat na nadan batu nah nagden tuping. He searched through the stones in the stonewall that collapsed. Nganney bo tuwaliy punkatkat mun nah? What are you searching for again? ‑on/‑in‑, puN‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.6.1 - Search.)
katlu₁ (der. of tulu) 1nom. third day of an event, e.g. of the week, of a wake. [This word traditionally referred to the third day after a death when there is feasting and then, burial of the corpse.] Ad uwani di katlun nan nated Pindongan. Today is the third day of the dead (person) in Pindongan. Sim: lophak, Bogwa, apuy. (sem. domains: 8.4.1 - Period of time.) 2trans. to keep a three-day vigil for a dead person or exhumed bones. Katluwon da nan nate. They will keep vigil for the dead for three days. (lit. they will three days the dead) ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 2.6.6.4 - Mourn.)