Tuwali Ifugao - English


k


kamli trans. to crush cooked food into small pieces by squeezing with hand, for feeding dogs or pigs. Kamlikamliyom nan hinamal ya gattuk ne ahim ipakan nah ahu. Crush the rice and camote together before you give them to the dog. Adim kamliyon nan gattuk eno. Don’t crush the camote, okay. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of object. Syn: kame. (sem. domains: 7.7.4 - Press.)
kamming-it comm. a bee species; makes house out of soil; the young bee is edible; very small honeycomb can be found on cane grass leaves. Dakol di kammming-it nah nanogpatan da. There are a lot of kamming-it-bees in the place where they cut cane grass. Gen: babayung. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)
kammo (sp. var. of kamo)
kamo (sp. var. kammo) to mix. 1.1bitrans. to combine or mix one thing with another. Na-ala ot ikamom nan asukar nah arina ot ihaang mu. You just mix the sugar with the flour and then you cook it. i‑/iN‑ . 3C Move, combine or attach object. (sem. domains: 7.5.3 - Mix.) 1.2trans. to mix or combine something, with the focus on the site-object . Kamowam hi dayakkot nan boga. Mix the sticky rice with the other rice. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 1.3sta. to be mixed; refers to a mixture of things. Nungkammo di kinan na kinali mahakit di putuna. What he ate was a mixture, that is why his stomach is painful. muN‑/nuN‑. 1.4pass. refers to the two things being mixed together. Eka mikamo didah tatagu. Go and be mixed with the people. Nikamo nan danum nah asukal. The water has been mixed with the sugar. Mahapul an makaikammo nan binokbok. The yeast must be well-mixed with the rice. mi‑/ni‑.
kampeg sta. to be grouped together. Nakampeg nadan hamuti nah ohan hapang. The birds were grouped together on a branch. ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives. Sim: bingil, bungul, amung, alimungmung, panu. (sem. domains: 7.5.1 - Gather.)
kampu (fr. var. pungkampuwan) 1comm. camp. Daan di kampu yu? Where is your camp? (sem. domains: 4.6.7 - Region, 5.9 - Live, stay.) 2intrans. to build a camp; to stay temporarily in someone’s house. Mungkampu da nadan tindalu nah tap-on di wangwang. The soldiers will build a camp above the river. Mungkampu da nadan imbabalen Juan nah balen Pio. The children of Juan will lodge in the house of Pio. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to build a camp or place to lodge temporarily. puN‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: campo.
kamu sta. to be hindered to work. Nakamu te kat-ungona. She is hindered to work because she just gave birth. ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 9.4.2.2 - Can't.)
kamukamu trans. to do something by trial and error. Adiyu yu kamukamuwon nan impangunuk. Do not do the task I gave you by trial and error. Matibon nakamukamu nan nginunu da. It could be seen that the work they did was by trial and error. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 9.1.2 - Do.)
kan 1intrans. to eat, indefinite as to what is eaten. <This root is never used alone.> Mangan taku. Let’s eat. Hin-uddum an adika mangan. At times you don’t eat. Da Pedro ke Ben di nangan hanah inha-ang mu. It was Pedro and Ben who ate what you cooked. maN‑/naN‑. (sem. domains: 5.2.2 - Eat.) 2to eat. 2.1trans. the food being eaten is specific and cross-referenced. Kanon yun am-in nan ginatang na. Eat everything he bought. ‑on/‑in‑. 2.2trans. to eat a specific food continuously; the food being eaten is cross-referenced. Kanokanona nan inhaad kun tinapay nah basket. He was always eating the bread I placed in the basket. Kanokanon nadan buding nan page. The birds keep eating the palay. ‑on/‑in‑ + CV(C)CV‑. 2.3intrans. to join in eating. Immali da ke nan imbabalek hi baleyu on nakikan da. Whenever my children go to your house they eat there. maki‑/naki‑. 2.4trans. indicates utensil used for eating. Hituwe nan nangikanan min duyu te teyay marka na. This is the plate we used for eating because here is the mark. mangi‑ ‑an/nangi‑ ‑an. 3nom. edible food, usually used for snack, fruit, bread, etc. Imme nah muyung ot e umalah makmakkan. He went to the forest to get some edible food. nganan der. makan der. panganan der. pinnangan id. kay hamutin mangan id. kay ka babuy an mangan id. kay munhabun mangan id. kay nanganan di ahuy nanganan yu id. kay nanganan di gulding id. kay nanganan di kabayu infl. ikan infl. mangan infl. pakan
kanah-in (sp. var. of kah-in) advpred. must; expresses a necessity. (sem. domains: 9.4.2.3 - Necessary .)
kanal 1comm. a canal, open water channel; mainly for irrigation and drainage. Maid di liting nah kanal te maugo. There is no water in the canal because it’s the dry season. Sim: paluk, boy’a, alak. (sem. domains: 1.3.2.1 - Flow.) 2trans. to build a canal. Kanalan yu nan pingngit di dola yu. Build a canal at the edge of your houseyard. Mungkanal da. They are digging a canal. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. Language Of Borrowing: English.
kanan to say. 1.1trans. a quotation form meaning say, said, tell, or told. Kanan day deke mo kanu ta pidwana ya adida makie. They said that the next time they would not join the group. Om, an kanan min Mayor. We told the Mayor yes. Speech Verbs. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.) 1.2trans. a quotation form meaning thought, wish. Kanak hi nomnom kuy “Makamman-un dida te kay nakalakka. I said to myself, “It’s good for them because it seems easy.” Handi immingleyak mo ya kanak di nalakan lumah-un. Then, I got tired and thought it would be easy to go down. (sem. domains: 3.2.1.1 - Think about, 3.2 - Think.)
kananaket (comp. of kananat) adjunct. just in case. Kananaket adim pinhod nan ihda ya ibagam. Just in case you do not like the viand, just say so. Attitudinal. Sim: hin anoka ta. (sem. domains: 9.4.4.4 - Possible.)
kananat adjunct. expresses either a possibility or probability. <The word always co-occurs with the conjunction hin.> Ya hin kananat manganga ta adi pakakalit maid di innunan mumbaki. And if he cannot speak, then there is no one who can say the rituals and prayers. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 9.4.4.3 - Probably.) comp. hin kananat comp. kananaket
kanayun adv. implies an habitual aspect of an action or event; always. Kanayun an maid di tagu hi bale da. Always, there is no one in their house. Time. Sim: ta nangamung, ta inggana, latta, nanong. (sem. domains: 8.4.6 - Aspectual time.)
kandama 1comm. power, unusual ability to perform acts. Maid di kandama nan agayup na. His love-charm has no power. (sem. domains: 6.1.2.3.4 - Power, force.) 2adj. to be very powerful. Makandamah Apu Dios. God is very powerful. ma‑.
Qualifier
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kandela (sp. var. of kandelat) comm. a candle. (sem. domains: 8.3.3.1.1 - Light source.)
kandelat (sp. var. kandela) 1comm. a candle. Eyak gumattang hi kandelat te maid di dilag. I am going to buy candles because there is no light. (sem. domains: 8.3.3.1.1 - Light source.) 2intrans. to use candles for light. Maid ke dilag di kuryente ya mungkandelat ta pundilag. If there is no electricity people use candles for their light. muN‑/nuN‑. 3comm. a riddle. Waday ohan makaphod an babai an kanona di adolna. (kandela) There is beautiful lady who eats her body. (candle)(riddle) Language of Borrowing: English: candle.
kandidatu 1comm. a candidate for an elective office. Nangapput nan kandidatu taku. Our candidate won. Muntutut da te lummuy kandidatu da. They are arguing and the cause is their candidates. (sem. domains: 4.6.6.5 - Politics.) 2intrans. to file candidacy for an elective office. Mungkandidatu hantuh umalin toon. He is filing his candidacy this coming year. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: candidato.
kandol comm. white squash variety. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.)
kannaway comm. spoonbill bird found in ricefields in the lowlands. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)
kanomnoman (der. of nomnom) nom. to have an understanding of facts or information in the mind; the state or condition of knowing truth about the world; knowledge; wisdom. Maid di ena id-um hi kanomnoman ya mumbalin tan kay hiyyahiyya. You will add nothing to your wisdom and one might become proud and boastful. ka‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 3.2.3 - Know.)
kanon 1nom. any substance that can be eaten, plant or animal, that can sustain life. Himmalaman dan e nungkompay hi kanon di kabayu da. They had gone out early to cut grass (food) for their horses. Hana mon gawgawa di inay-ayyam na ot ingganay linutun inaonan hi Magappid di kanon da. She played with that duck until Aunt Magappid had cooked their food. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2trans. to eat something specific. Nangamung di pinhod mun kanon. It depends on what you like to eat. Kinan dan am-in nan ginatang na. They ate everything he bought. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Convey/bring object toward agent. (sem. domains: 5.2.2 - Eat.)
kanta 1comm. refers to a song or music in general. Mundonggol ka hi kanta nah ladyu. Listen to songs/music from the radio. Waday kanta, hapit ya tayo an impatibon nadan nalpuh natkonatkon an boble. There were songs, speeches and dances rendered by different groups from different barrios. (sem. domains: 4.2.3.3 - Sing.) 2intrans. to sing. Takon nadan enungkanta ya nanayo ya uggeda nangan. Even those who sang and danced did not eat. Kanan Juliey, “Dakol di in-innat mi. Nungkanta kami ya pimmaytuk kami. Julie said, “We did many things. We sang and we jumped, muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to sing a particular song. Ikantam nan intuddun tulang mu. Sing the song taught by your brother. i‑/iN‑.
kantol (sp. var. of santol) comm. tree, santol type. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)