Tuwali Ifugao - English


k


kabing trans. 1to pay attention to advice, allowing the advice to have an effect; to heed advice. Toan ten makulug, mu deket makulug, ikabing mu anhan tun tugun ku. Whether or not this is true, I don’t know, but if it is, then, heed my advice (i.e. let it have an effect on you). Ugge na ingkabing di kalin amana. He did not heed the advice of his father. i‑/iN‑. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: 4.5.4.1 - Obey.) 2to sense or to be affected by something. Uggek ingkabing nan duntuk mu. I did not feel your punch. Punhuplit nah Pedro gapuh pilyuna mu adina ikabing. He would beat Pedro because he was naughty but it had no affect. i‑/iN‑. 3I Direct action toward object.
kabit₁ trans. 1to hang or attach something. Umeka ta eyu ikabit am-in nan decorasyon. You go and hang all the decorations. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.5.2 - Join, attach, 7.3.2.4.1 - Hang.) 2to install electrical wiring. Ikabit taku nan dilag da hi hilong. We will install their lights tonight. Ha-on di e mangikabit nah alambrin di kuryente. I will be the one to install your electrical wiring. i‑/iN‑, mangi‑/nangi‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
kabit₂ comm. common-law-wife or husband. Adi maphod an edita mangadanan hi kabit. It is not good to be called a common-law-wife. (sem. domains: 2.6.1 - Marriage.)
kabli 1comm. large chain; used to secure big, heavy loads on truck beds, e.g. logs. Makahapul di kabli pun-odon dih oongal an kaiw. Chains are necessary for holding big loads of logs. (sem. domains: 6.7.5 - Fastening tool.) 2trans. to bind with a log chain to secure. Kabliyan yu nan talutu ta iguyud nan nuwang. Bind the logs with a log-chain so that the carabao will pull it. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 7.5.4 - Tie.)
kabra (sp. var. kobra) 1comm. gooseneck bar; wrecking bar; crowbar. Nan kabra di panga-an mu nah o-ongal an patak. Use the crowbar in removing the big nails. Iusal ku tun kabra mi. I’ll use our crowbar. Sim: balita. (sem. domains: 6.7 - Tool.) 2trans. to use the crowbar. Kabraom nadan dingding na ta adi makappai. Use a gooseneck bar on the walls so that they will not be wrecked. ‑on/‑in‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
kabulabulan (der. of bulan) nom. every month Kabulabulan an umali da. They come every month. (sem. domains: 8.4.5.1.1 - Series.)
kabullaki nom. beauty of male; fairness of male; handsome male. (sem. domains: 2.3.1.8.1 - Beautiful.)
kabunyan comm. 1sky; the entity which can be seen as above and overarching the earth. Maid poppog nay kabunyan. The sky is endless. (sem. domains: 1.1 - Sky.) 2 a region above the earth where spirit beings and gods live. (sem. domains: 4.9.6 - Heaven, hell.) n. ph. ad kabunyan
kabuut comm. bladder. Ihap-em nan kabuut di babuy ta ay-ayyaman tun u-unga. Dry the pig’s bladder so these children will have a plaything. (sem. domains: 2.1.8 - Internal organs.)
kabuy trans. to insert something into a fold or pocket, e.g. put into the fold formed by turning over the top of a skirt extending above the belt. [Placing something in a fold was particularly done when most women wore the traditional woven skirt.] Ingkab-uy na nan uwa. She placed the knife in the folded pocket of her skirt. Nun-ikabuy nay udum an moma. She placed some of the betelnut in her skirt pocket. i‑/iN‑, muN‑ i‑/nuN‑ i‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.6 - Put in.) der. kabuyyan
kabuyyan (der. of kabuy) nom. pocket made by folding a skirt at the waist. Inhaad na nah kabuyyan nan moma. She placed the betelnut in the pocket made by folding the skirt at her waist. Sim: bolsa. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.)
kaC- (sp. var. of ka- Pronunciation is a reduplicated C of the initial consonant of a root instead of a glottal stop.)
kaCV- mod. to have a tendency toward certain behavior or have the characteristic encoded in the root. <The prefix ka- requires the cooccurence of the CV- reduplication to encode the ‘tendency’ modal concept. > Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. Kapupuhik nan basu. The cup is breakable. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)
kaCV(C)- comm. this prefix is affixed to common nouns and encodes the meaning that the action or activity is distributed throughout every place. Nundingngol hi Jesus hi kabobboble. Jesus was heard in every place. Ot umitud-ak dah mumpangie ke dadiyen tudok hi kabobboble. And they sent them to take that letter to all the cities/villages. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.2 - Noun affixes.)
kaCV(C)CV- distr. this prefix expresses the distributive, inclusive quantity concept of ‘every’. Kabulabulan an umali da. They come every month. Kahimbahimbatangan on ume da. They go every afternoon. Ka-algo-algo on umehdi. Everyday he goes there. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.2 - Noun affixes, 8.1.5 - All.)
kadaidai adjectival predicate. something has been done or has happened frequently or repeatedly. Gulat nat athidi ya kadaidai mo on nunligat hi Jesus. (Galatians 9:26) If it had been like that, then Jesus would already have suffered repeatedly. (sem. domains: 8.4.6.6.3 - Often.)
kadaklan (der. of dakol) advpred. mostly; largely. Kadaklan nadah u-unga ya iLinda. Those children are mostly from Linda. Kadaklana ya umanamut nah biggatna. Most of the time, he returns home in the morning. ka‑ ‑an. Limiting or minimalizing. (sem. domains: 8.1.5.4 - Most, almost all.)
kadakol (der. of dakol) nom. refers to the amount or number of an entity. Nah kadakol di tatagu ya mahapul an halipat-an di pihhu. With the number of people, you have to be careful with your money. Hay kadakol di danum weno gatan di niyug ya nangamung di pinhod. The amount of water or coconut milk depends on what one prefers. Bukalom nan binokbok ya konoknongom di kadakol di punhagmuk mu. Now, crush the binokbok-leaves into powder and estimate how much you need. ka‑. (sem. domains: 8.1 - Quantity.)
kadalom (der. of dalom) comm. depth. Nganney kadalom na? How deep is it?/ What is its depth? Nganney kinadallom nan wangwang? What depth is the river? ka‑, kina‑. (sem. domains: 8.2.6.5 - Deep, shallow.)
kadanidani (der. of dani) adv. frequently. Kadanidani on umen da-ul hi Jose. Jose frequently goes down. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.6.6.3 - Often.)
kadangyan 1comm. traditionally this word referred only to the class of Ifugao who had performed prestige rituals, aristocrat, but it may now refer to any person who has wealth. Kadangyan di tagun waday pangulug nan Apu Dios. A person who has faith in God is rich. Inilak nan ohan iiba taku an kadangyan ni-an mu numbalin hi nawotwot te matugal. I know of one of our relatives who was once a very rich man but turned out to be a poor man because he was a gambler. Bokon taku met kadangyan ya maid di tawidon yu. We are not rich and you have nothing to inherit. Opp: wotwot. (sem. domains: 4.1.2 - Types of people, 6.8.1.2 - Rich.) 2comm. this word is used to refer to the highest class of people in Ifugao traditionally, those who have performed all of the rituals of prestige feasts. Hay humagabi ya hay kadangyan. The one who performs the humgabi-ritual must be rich. Cultural note: In traditional society, there were three classes of people: kadangyan - aristocrats, tagu - common people, children of the kadangyan who did not perform the wealth rituals, nawotwot - the poor. 3proc. to become rich or wealthy. Kumadangyan day mahlun tagu. Industrious people become rich. Kon tuwali waday kimmadangyan hi tugal? Rightly so, was there ever one who became a rich man through gambling? ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2G Processes. 4trans. to enrich someone with something or to be enriched. Ikadangyan mu nan inakom. You will enrich yourself with what you stole. Pakiala day kinadangyan diyen boble. They will also get the wealth that enriched that village. i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an,‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. id. ikadangyan di imbabale say. Hay uya-uy di puntopong hi kinadangyan di ohan tagu.
kadap intrans. to move, by crawling refers to insects, lizards, vine-type plant and babies. Nal-ot nan banniyan kumadap. The lizard is strong in crawling. Itaggem ke nan bulwatik ta tibom nan gutul an mungkaddapan nah odog ku. Please pull up my shirt and see the ant crawling on my back. Pungkadap din sayoten am-in din nih-up an nitanom. The sayote-plant is crawling over all the nearby plants. Humgop nan golang nah kuwarto ta kadaponan am-in di kama. The baby enters the rooms and crawls in all the beds. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑ ‑an, ‑on/‑in‑. 2A Movement from one place to another. Sim: bullu, bakka. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.) der. mungkaddapan
kaddat comm. weed that sends out runners, about 1’ tall, yellow-green color. Nahalman di kaddat nah habal ku. The weeds are terrible in my swidden plot. Sim: balondoy. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.)
kaddug trans. to run after; to chase. Kaddugom hi tulang mu ta idat mu tun tudok. Run after your sister and give her this letter. Kinaddug na nan nuwang mu nakattaynan. He ran after his carabao but he was left behind. ‑on/‑in‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. Sim: pudug. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1.1 - Run.)
kadena comm. a decorative chain. Waday kadenan balituk nah kurtina. There is a gold chain on that curtain. (sem. domains: 5.1.2 - Household decoration.)