Tuwali Ifugao - English


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kapuy 1proc. to become weak; diminish in strength; for something to lessen. Kimmapuy nan nuwang an mun-aladu. The carabao has become slower in plowing. Kimmapuy di pangana. His appetite has lessened. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2G Processes. (sem. domains: 2.4.2 - Weak.) 2sta. to be weakened in strength. Nakapuy di dibdib. The wind is weak. Ya adi mungngalat hin adi nakapuy di apuy an punha-angan. And it is cooked well in strong fire (lit. not weak fire) so it doesn’t become pungent and itch. ma‑/na‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
kapya 1make. 1.1trans. to make something; a general term that may refer to any creative act, e.g. building a bench, a house or tanning the skin of an animal to make a backpack. Kapyaom hi ubunan tun kaiw. Make this wood into a seat. Adida ke ihda nan bolat na ya kapyaon dah akbut. When they do not eat the skin, they make it into a backpack. ‑on/‑in‑. Class 4A Change structure of object. (sem. domains: 9.1.2.5 - Make, 9.1.2.3 - Create.) 1.2trans. to make something, patient object is indefinite and the agent subject is prominent. Mangapya tah tinapay. Let’s make bread. Hanada ken maid di happiyo na, nangapya da. As for them, they had no shields; so they made (them). maN‑/naN‑. 2pass. something will be or has been made. Damanan makapyay hagabi an adi mahu-up. The hagabi-figure can be made with no joint. ma‑/na‑. der. kapyana infl. mangapya
kapyana (der. of kapya) 1advpred. refers to the way things are traditionally or by nature. Nakahillong mo ya kapyanan maid pay hi Juan an dumdumattong. It was already night, in spite of that fact, Juan hadn’t come yet. Kapyanah tuwe. This is customary. Kapyana tuwalin waday punhahallaan di tagu mu takomboy athina ya ip-iphod yun munhuhummangan. It’s natural to have differences between people but even if that’s the case, you should discuss differences diplomatically. Manner. Sim: gagangay. (sem. domains: 8.3.5.1 - Nature, character.) 2nom. the natural characteristic or essence of something. Initpol nay takut nan kananah nomnom nay kapyana nin. He endured/controlled his fear and thought maybe that’s just its nature.
karas 1comm. a stick used to level off top of full grain container. Napnu ke nan hopa on usarom nan karas. When the chupa is full, use the stick to level the top. (sem. domains: 6.7 - Tool.) 2trans. to level off full container with hand or stick. Karasom hin mapnu nan lata. Level off the top of the can when it’s full. Karasan yu nan gampa ne kinilo yu. Level off the top of the head-basket and then weigh it. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
karburu 1comm. calcium carbide; used for ripening bananas and other fruits. [A commercial chemical used to pour on water to stun the fish, also used as fuel to burn in special lamps.] Hina-adanah karburu nan inpal-um nan balat. He placed calcium carbide on the bananas he was ripening. (sem. domains: 1.2.2.4 - Mineral.) 2trans. to place calcium carbide into or on something. Karburuwan yu nadan balat ta gagalan mal-um. Place calcium carbide on the bananas so that they will ripen faster. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog.
karga 1comm. baggage, sack, anything considered to be cargo carried on a vehicle. Ad-adiy nangiha-ad na nadah karga. He didn’t place the baggage in an orderly way. Iphod muy pangiha-ad mu nadah karga. Place the baggage nicely (lit. make good the placement of the baggage). (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to load baggage or other cargo on vehicle. Ikargam nan bulhe nah talak. Load the beans in the truck. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. Language of Borrowing: Spanish: carga.
karnelo (sp. var. of kalnero)
karot comm. carrot vegetable. Nuntanom dah karot. They planted carots. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.) Language of Borrowing: English: carrot..
karpentero 1comm. carpenter. Karpentero di mahapul da an mungngunu. They need a carpenter to work. (sem. domains: 6.5 - Working with buildings.) 2v. to do carpentry work. Mungkarpentero ka nah daulon. Do carpentry work under the house. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 6.6.3 - Working with wood.) 3trans. to build or repair something. Karpenterowon yu nan alang. Do carpentry work on the rice granary. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of object. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: carpintero.
karton (sp. var. of kalton) comm. cardboard box. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.)
kasal 1comm. wedding celebration. Waday kasal ad Ambabag an pakihamulan. There is a wedding celebration in Ambabag where we could attend the feasting. (sem. domains: 2.6.1 - Marriage.) 2trans. to marry someone. Kasalon nan padi dida. The priest will be the one to marry them. Ikasal da nan imbabalen Doming hi toon. They will marry the daughter of Doming next year. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 4.2.2.1 - Ceremony.) 3intrans. to marry. Nungkasal da Nita ke Pedro. Nita and Pedro got married. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: casar.
kasilyas (sp. var. of katilyat)
kasinsilyu (sp. var. katintilyu) 1comm. undershorts; underpants E gimmatang hi kasinsilyun nan inbabale na. She went to buy undershorts for her son. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2intrans. to wear undershorts. Mungkasinsilyo ka eno. You wear your undershorts, okay? muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
kaskasdaaw adj. for something to be inexplicable; amazing, perplexing. Hituwe ya kaskasdaaw mo ahan an naat mu uggeyak timmakut. This that happened was bewildering, but I was not afraid. Takon nan inayana ya matama te kaskasdaaw. Even her spouse did not know (about it) because it was perplexing. Qualifier. (sem. domains: 3.2.4.3 - Mysterious.)
kaspangarigan adjunct. this adjunct modifies a statement that is a specific example of the more general statement that precedes it Nu kaspangarigan ta pinhod mu pay an mumbidbid hi novels ya bidbid mu nadan historical. If, for example, you like to read novels then, read those historical ones. Deket kaspangarigan ta waday makahhapul mu ya ma-ma-idan di pihhum ya tawagam hi Pedro. Now, just in case you have an urgent need and you don’t have any money, call Pedro. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 3.5.8.4 - Show, indicate.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
kastigu 1comm. punishment. Hinae di kastigu na te mungngohe. That is his punishment because he is obstinate. (sem. domains: 4.7.7 - Punish.) 2trans. to inflict penalty for an offense; to punish. Kastiguwon daka hin mangako ka. They will punish you if you steal. Kinastigu da an impikalabut da. They punished him by imprisoning him. Nan huwes di mangastigu ke he-a. The judge will be the one to punish you. Bokon ya abuh Juan an kastiguwon da. It’s not only Juan whom they will punish. ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑/naN‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: castigo.
kasu 1comm. refers to a civil lawsuit Hay kasu na ya pimmate. As for his case, it’s murder. (sem. domains: 4.7.4 - Court of law.) 2trans. to sue; to bring a case to court. Ikasu dakan dida hin adim tobalon nan molta da. They will sue you in court if you do not accept your fine. Kasuwan dakan pimmate. They will sue you for murder. Kinasuwan da hi Peter. They filed a case against Peter. Mungkinnasu da te adida mun-unnud nah hummangan da. They will sue each other in court because they could not come to terms. i‑/iN, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑ ‑inn‑. (sem. domains: 4.7.5 - Trial.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: caso.
katagu (der. of tagu) 1nom. to have the physical stature of a human being. Ongal di katagu nan manatakut. He is big of stature which is frightening. (sem. domains: 9.1.3.1 - Physical, non-physical.) 2nom. refers to the characteristics of having a human nature. (sem. domains: 2 - Person.)
katagutagu (der. of tagu) comm. refers to all of mankind. Gulat na te hay nahlagan di katagutagu ya hi Noah, adi ot nahalman an nunhihinnatkon di katagun hantudan katagutagu hantuh tap-on di luta. Supposedly because mankind descended from Noah, there should be no great difference in stature among all the people on the surface of the earth. ka‑ + CV(C)CV. (sem. domains: 2 - Person.)
katalakan di bulan (n. ph. of bulan) comm. new moon. Umala da allama na katalakan di bulan. They catch crabs during the new moon. (sem. domains: 1.1.1.1 - Moon.)
katam 1comm. a tool for smoothing wood; a plane. Alam nan katam ke Domingo. Get the plane from Domingo. Sim: tapilya. (sem. domains: 6.7.1 - Cutting tool.) 2trans. to smooth wood with a plane. Katamom nan udyon tabla. Smooth the mahogany board. Kinatam na nan poste. They smoothed the post. Mungkatam dah dulung. They are smoothing floor boards. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
katanungan di bulan (n. ph. of bulan) comm. full moon. Umali da katanungan di bulan. They will come during the full moon. (sem. domains: 1.1.1.1 - Moon.)
katang sta. refers to a brief period of time. Nakatang biyag mi tuh luta. Our life here on earth is short. na‑. (sem. domains: 8.4.2 - Take time.) infl. hingkatang infl. nakatang
katatakut (der. of takut) nom. something that causes fear; frightening. Dakol di atonan katatakut. He did many frightening things. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.4 - Afraid.)
katayan (der. of mate) nom. the cessation of physical life; death. Toan di katayana. The time of his death is unknown. (sem. domains: 2.6.6 - Die.)