Tuwali Ifugao - English


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hakgud 1comm. horn of animals like carabao, cow, goat. Andukkey hakgud din nuwang yu. The carabao’s horn is long. (sem. domains: 1.6.2 - Parts of an animal.) 2trans. to gore with the horns. Bumtik ka ot te hakgudon daka man nah baka. Better run because the cow will gore you with his horns. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)
hakhaklung comm. water hyacinth; water lily. (sem. domains: 1.5 - Plant.)
hakhakyod comm. a dragonfly species; usually found in a rice paddy. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)
hak-ot (sp. var. huk-ot) 1trans. to hang up something. Ihak-ot mu nan ulom nah tukud. Hang up your blanket on the post. Ihak-ot mu ya- tun basket ku dih patak. Please hang my basket on the nail above. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. Sim: hab-ut. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.) 2pass. to be hooked and hanging on something; get caught on something protruding. Handih binumtik hi Absalon an nuntakkeh kabayu ya nihak-ot di buuk na nah hapang di kaiw nah dalan ot muntattayun mo. (2 Samuel 18:9) When Absalon ran away riding a horse, his hair was caught in a branch of a tree and so he was left hanging there. Nihak-ot din bolak dih kaiw. My ball got caught in the tree. mi‑/ni‑.
hakit 1intrans. to have pain, emotionally or physically; to ache; to be hurt. Humakihakit di uluk nah himbatangan. My head aches every afternoon. Munhakit di uluk. My head is aching. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 2E Body/Physiological functions. (sem. domains: 2.5.6.1 - Pain.) 2trans. to feel bad emotionally; have ill feelings towards someone. Hakitok nan inat mun ha-oy. I feel bad about the thing you did to me. Dakol di hakihakitok ke he-a. I have a lot of hurt feelings toward you. Makahakkit di nomnom Malya te ittay di in-anamut da. Malya was very sad because there were only a few crabs which they took home. ‑on/‑in‑, maka‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 3.4.2 - Feel bad.) 3trans. for some part of the body to pain a person. Pumalak hin ihakit nah indani. He will moan later because of the pain. i‑/iN‑.
hakkub 1trans. to turn something upside down. Punhakkubom nadan duyu. Place the plates upside down. ‑on/‑in‑, puN‑ ‑on. 4A Change the structure of object. Sim: tukkad, hukwangngi, tu-un, tiga-ung. (sem. domains: 7.3.5 - Turn something.) 2intrans. to lie face down. Munhakkub ka. You turn over (lie face down).
hakkubu intrans. to fall down flat on face; to be prostrate. Ya maid maptok ya nunhakkubun natu-i. And suddenly he fell flat on his face. muN‑/nuN‑. 1B Movement with a directional component. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.5.1 - Fall.)
hakli trans. to place something on the lap. Em ihaklim nan golang. Go and put the baby on your lap. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object. (sem. domains: 7.3.4.3 - Put down.)
haklit trans. to place or put something at or on a site; to deposit something. Hanadan dalluyun nah baybay ya ihaklit day nganneh diyen lugit nah pingngit na. Those ocean waves deposit every kind of dirt/trash on the shore. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.)
haklung 1comm. a utensil for dipping something. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to dip out liquid or semi-liquid substamce. Haklungom nan ihda. Dip the viand. Ihaklunganak pay. Dip another cup for me. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent. Sim: bano, ak’ud, hoklad, ado. (sem. domains: 5.2.1.3 - Cooking utensil.)
hakmal (sp. var. of hakmul)
hakmo trans. to put something on top of another thing. Em ihakmo nan balat nah page ta gagalan mal-um. You put the bananas on top of the rice grains so that they will easily ripen. Hakmoan hi batu nan papel ta adi mitayap. Place a stone over the paper so that it will not be blown away. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3A Move and position object at site. Sim: gat-un. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.)
hakmul (sp. var. hakmal) trans. to eat something in big amounts. Nun-ihakmul na nan ihda, kinali gagalan nama-id. He ate the viand in big amounts that’s why it was quickly gone. muN‑ i‑/nuN‑ i‑. (sem. domains: 5.2.2 - Eat.)
hakti intrans. to sneeze; a sudden, spasmodic, audible expelling of air. Humakti kad dola. You sneeze outside. Naalog kinali himmakti. He is having a cold that is why he sneezed. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 2E Body/Phsiological functions. (sem. domains: 2.2.2 - Cough, sneeze.)
hakuku comm. snake species, like a cobra; a poisonous, big, spitting snake; strikes by lifting its head. [Old people say if you see a spitting cobra you or someone in your family will die; they believe that it sends out a vapor of invisible poison.] Maid di ek inang-ang hi hakuku. I haven’t sees a hakuku-snake. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.3 - Reptile.)
hakyab intrans. to lay eggs. Nunhakyab nan manuk. The chicken laid eggs. Himmakyab nan manuk ot ob-obana. The chicken laid eggs and hatched them. muN‑nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)
hakyat 1trans. to bring or take something home. Ihakyat muh tuwe. Bring this home. Inhakyat Pedro nan page dih bale. Pedro brought the rice up to the house. i‑/iN‑. 3F Move something along with oneself. (sem. domains: 7.3.3 - Take somewhere.) 2intrans. to go home. An humakyat kayu mo? Are you leaving for home? ‑um‑/‑imm‑.
hakyuyu trans. 1to carry something in arms that are held out in front. Ihakyuyum nan golang ta ume takud da-ul. Carry the baby amd we’ll go down. Hakyuyuwom nan golang ta iem nah kama. Carry the child and take him to the bed. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. 3F Move something along with oneself. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.) 2to put arms around and hold something.
halab 1trans. to roast over flames; to position food, usually meat, over flames to cook it. Ihalab mu ke. You roast it. i‑/iN‑. 3D Move an object with a resulting change of state. Sim: pul’uk, hongba, dangpa. (sem. domains: 5.2.1.1 - Cooking methods.) 2pass. roasted food, usually meat. Pinhod kuy nihalab an dotag. I like roasted meat. mi-/ni-.
halagma comm. hawk species, brown spotted with white on the breast. Intayap nan halagma nan impan di manuk. The hawk flew away with the chick. Sim: ban’ug, mangayyuding, butbut, gawwang. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)
halaman 1advpred. to be early in the morning. Humalaman kan umalih bigat. Come early tomorrow. Ohan biggatna ya himmalaman dan nangan. One morning they ate very early. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.3 - Time of the day.) 2trans. to do something specific early. Halamanom an umali. You come early. Kanan Juliey “Nganat edakami hinalaman an binangun?” Julie asked, “Why did you wake us up so early?” ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. der. himmalaman
halangob sta. to faint. Nahalangob hi inagang na. He fainted from hunger. ma‑/na‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. Sim: polat. (sem. domains: 2.5.6.4 - Lose consciousness.)
halapdung comm. refers to an obstacle on a pathway that causes one to stumble.
halapi 1comm. fifty centavos. Halapi di nidat hi bayad nan kindi. Fifty centavos was given in payment for the candy. (sem. domains: 6.8.6 - Money.) 2sta. to be worth fifty centavos. Gimmattangak hi mahalapin ahin. I bought salt worth fifty centavoes. ma‑.
haldot sta. sounds are clear; in speech, the enunciation is clear. Mahaldot di pungkalin nan unga. The child pronounces his words clearly. Humaldot kaya di pungkalina hin umongongal. He will enunciate his words clearly when he grows up. ma‑, ‑um‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.)