Tuwali Ifugao - English


d


dakami pers. 1us, exclusive; first person, plural exclusive pronoun; member of Set 3 object pronouns; cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Ialiyan dakami ya- hi ubunan mi. Please bring us chairs and we will sit down.. Indattan dakamih kendi. Teya ay, kanak an pun-ukat ku nan kendin imbolsak. “She gave us candy. Here it is,” I said as I took the candy from my pocket. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2we, exclusive; first person, plural exclusive; member of Class 4 subject pronouns; the subject is preposed before the verb and is cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Dakami nan kimmanantan dih hilong. We were the ones who kept on singing last night. Dakami ke ya intuddu day iskul hi sentral ot ume kamih di. We were told to go to the Central School, so we went there. n. ph. ke dakami
dakayu pers. 1you-all; second person, plural, member of Set 3 object pronouns; cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Umaliyak ta boh-olan dakayu. I will come and scold you. Adi dakayu homkon mu kastiguwon dakayu. You will not be pitied, instead you will be punished. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2second person, plural pronoun; a member of Set 4 subject pronouns, preposed before the verb and cross-referenced by the verbal affix; you all. Dakayu nan dumisturboh hinuyop handih hilong te kumananta kayu. You were the ones disturbing our sleep last night because you kept on singing. Dakayuy umen e mangayag nah doktor. You will be the ones to go and call the doctor. n. ph. ke dakayu
dakdak trans. to feel with feet for secure footing when crossing a river or stream. Maphod di dakdakon nan gattinon ahita immagwat. It is good to feel for stepping places as you cross (a river). ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 2.3.5 - Sense of touch.)
dakdakkol (sp. var. of dakdakol)
dakdakol (sp. var. dakdakkol) (infl. of dakol) adj. a comparative, meaning more than. Mu dakdakol di kaapputan ta maahinut ot ya abun am-in. But one loses more times than he wins such that eventually, everything will be lost. CV.C. Number quantifier. (sem. domains: 9.3.1.3 - To a larger degree.)
dak-ang 1comm. a pace length. Andukkey dak-ang na. His pace length is long. (sem. domains: 8.2.8 - Measure.) 2intrans. to pace. Gal-am an dumak-ang ta adika mataynan. Quicken your pace so that you will not be left behind. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.
dakig (sp. var. dakkig) 1comm. door bar or bolt. Ihaad mu nan dakig nan panto. Place the door bar. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.) 2trans. to close a door or window. Idakig mu nan panto. Close the door with the bar. Dakigam nan panto. Close the door. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3E Move an object directionally. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.) infl. mundakig
dakkig (sp. var. of dakig)
dakkodakkol (infl. of dakol) adj. the superlative degree of many. Ambiambilog ya dakkodakkol di tatagu. It is wide and there are many people. Ad Cubao ke ya dakkodakkol di tendaan. In Cubao, there are many stores. CV(C)CV‑. Number quantifier. (sem. domains: 8.1.3.1 - Many, much.)
dakkop ( dokkop) trans. to put two things of the same kind together or side by side; directional position is not important. Idakkop mu nan libluk nah liblum. Put my book with yours. Nundakkop nan duwan papel. The two pieces of paper are stuck together. Hi Pedro ke ya nundokkopona nadan duwan aluwong an ena inhagob. Pedro put two bamboo water-tubes together when he fetched water. Nidkop nan papel nah pantalon na. The paper got stuck on his pants. Mahapul an pundakkopom nan duwan tabla te magi-u man hin pumattukak. You must place two boards together because it will surely break if I step on it. Dinokkodokkop mu tuwalin inagtu kinali madam-ot mo. You’ve stacked so many to carry on your head, that is why it’s heavy. Sim: odda. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.)
dakmog trans. to press down; to compress with downward pressure. Idakmog mu ta adi mahwit. Press it down so that it won’t be unbalanced. i‑/iN‑. 3E Move an object directionally. Sim: talmod. (sem. domains: 7.7.4 - Press.)
dakog 1adj. much; many; a lot. Dakog day tatagud Manila. There are many people in Manila. Number quantifier. Sim: dakol. 2intrans. to become many; to increase. Dumakog nadan manuk mu. Your chickens will became many/increase. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3trans. an active, transitive verb meaning to get many or much of something. Dakogom di alam hi boga. Get plenty of rice. ‑on/‑in‑.
dakol 1adj. may refer to either number or quantity; ‘much’ is the English equivalent when referring to mass nouns; ‘many’ is the English equivalent when referring to count nouns. Dakol di ingkuyag muh liting. You poured much water. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. Number quantifier. Sim: dakog. (sem. domains: 8.1.3.1 - Many, much.) 2increase 2.1intrans. to increase in number or amount; to multiply. Tuwen dumakol day manuk ku. My chicken’s are increasing in number. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 8.1.4.2 - Increase.) 2.2sta. to increase in number or amount. Madakol di gulding taku hin ipaptok taku. Our goats will increase in number if we take care of them. ma‑. (sem. domains: 8.1.4.2 - Increase.) 2.3trans. to increase something in number or size. Dakkolom di indat mun hiya. Give him more. (lit. Increase what you have given him.) ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 8.1.4.2 - Increase.) der. kadaklan der. kadakol infl. dakdakol infl. dakkodakkol
daku comm. to have malaria. Nakalligat di mundaku te maktol ka, indani bo ya lingolingot bo, maid ena nipaatan. Malaria is really difficult because you will feel cold, and then, you will be perspiring; there is nothing to be compared to it. muN‑/nuN‑. Syn: malarya. (sem. domains: 2.5.2 - Disease.)
dakutut 1intrans. to move stealthily. Mundakdakutut an hinumgop nah kusina. He entered the kitchen stealthily. muN‑/nuN‑. 1A Movement with a manner component. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.) 2trans. to do something secretly. Indakutut nan naganla nah mangga. He took the mango secretly. Idakdakutut nan e mangala nah makan te pangalina on iadik. He secretly got the food because he thought I won’t allow him to. i‑/iN‑. 3intrans. to move slowly with body bent over; shuffle as an old man or woman. Mundakutut nan am-ama. The old man is walking slowly and bent over. muN‑/nuN‑.
dal’ang flaming. 1.1intrans. to burn brightly; refers to the process of visible burning; the flaming of a fire. Mundadalang nan baleda. Their house is flaming. Induyag ku nan pitlolyo ot tolgak ya dimmalang. I poured kerosene (on it) and lit it and it flamed. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Sim: dalebdeb. (sem. domains: 5.5.4 - Burn, 5.5 - Fire.) 1.2caus. to cause a fire to flame. Padalangon yu nan apuy. Make the fire flame. pa‑ ‑on. 1.3sta. refers to a type of wood that burns well. Madalang nan intungu. The firewood burns well. ma‑. (sem. domains: 6.2.5.4 - Plant product.)
dal’it comm. freshwater eel. Mahong-oy dalit mu naligat di alana. Eel are delicious but difficult to get. Sim: yuyu. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.5 - Fish.)
dala 1comm. blood. Dakol di dalan nan manuk. The chicken has a lot of blood. (sem. domains: 2.2.5 - Bleed, blood.) 2intrans. to bleed. Dimmalay olong na. His nose bled. Mundadala nan napalang. The cut caused by the machete was bleeding. Madala nan ginogod dan manuk. The chicken they butchered had a lot of blood. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑. 3trans. to bleed an animal in the butchering process. ‑on/‑in‑. 4comm. animal blood mixed with innards and meat cooked to make a dish. der. dalaan der. dinaldalaan id. mumbabayakbak di dalana
dalaan (der. of dala) trans. to bleed an animal before butchering. Dalaan ta tun manuk aga! Let’s bleed this chicken, please. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 5.2.1.2 - Steps in food preparation.)
dalakan comm. a tree variety of second class wood, medium-soft. may be used for walling; as firewood it sparks too much to be considered good. [The wood may be used for walling but as firewood, it sparks too much to be considered good.] Adi maphod di dalakan an itungu te mumbubuti. Dalakan is not good firewood because it sparks. Dalakan di inhaad dan dinangal. They used the dalakan-wood for floor joists. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)
dalalu 1comm. refers to any form of frozen water; hail, ice cubes; sleet. (sem. domains: 1.1.3.4 - Snow, ice.) 2intrans. to hail. [There have been rare instances of hail in the Ifugao area, but no reports of ice on bodies of water or sleet.] Mundalalu handi mangali kami. It was hailing when we were coming. Dimmalalu handi June, 1983. It hailed in June, 1983. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 1.1.3 - Weather.)
dalan₁ 1comm. a place for walking; path; trail; way. Maid di dalan hitu. There is no path here. Indani ya- ek bo igibok ya pindonak nin ot ieyak nah nuntap-on dalan. Later on, when I became aware, maybe he held me then took me to the upper road. Sim: kalata, kah-on. (sem. domains: 6.5.4.1 - Road.) 2to walk. 2.1intrans. to move about on foot; to walk. <Affixation: The circumfix set muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an expresses both a durative aspect and the site-concept of a widely spread area for the walking, i.e. walking around. > Mundallan mo nan golang. The child walks now. Ditakun tatagu ya kulugon takun wadaday mundallanan weno muntayyapan an adi matibo. It is a common belief that there are unseen beings who are either walking around or flying in the air. muN‑/nuN‑, muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1 - Walk.) 2.2intrans. to walk, with a starting point in view. Dumallan mo nan unga. The child can already walk. um/imm. 3to walk by, bypass or through a place. 3.1trans. to walk, passing by a place or through a medium. Indaladalan muh di yaden adim pinhod an makihummangan ke hiya. You are always passing there yet you do not like to talk with her. Idalan taku nah wa-el. We will pass through the creek. Daanay pangidalanam? Where will you pass (lit. path/walk)? i‑/iN‑. nangi‑/pangi‑ + ‑an. 3.2trans. to walk on a path, road with prominence given to the thing walked on. Maid di dalanon yuh tu. There is no place to walk here. on/in. id. kay bakkukul an dumalan id. kay gawgaway pundalan id. kay kabayun dumalan infl. ipadalan
dalan₂ comm. measuring unit for ten bundles of rice. Gumawatak hi hindalan an page. I will borow ten bundles of rice. general: can be combined with other numbers e.g. duwan dalan; tulun dalan; etc. hiN‑. Sim: bainti, duwampulu; Meas: bongle, dalan, upu. (sem. domains: 6.2 - Agriculture, 8.1.1.1 - Cardinal numbers.) comp. hindalan
dalang intrans. for wood or other inflammable material to ignite and flame. Ka-dikhal nan kaiw kinali adi dumalang. That wood is newly split, that's why it won't ignite. -um-/-imm-.
dalapong 1comm. a block of wood that serves as a stool. Umbun ka nah dalapong. Sit on the stool. Sim: tilya, bangko. (sem. domains: 5.1.1 - Furniture.) 2trans. to sit down on this particular type of stool. Mundalapong ka. Sit down on the stool. Mundalapongak ten umbunak. I got the stool because I’ll sit down. muN‑/nuN‑.