Tuwali Ifugao - English


b


bol’ad 1trans. to remove clothes; to be naked. Boladam nadan u-unga ta mun-amo da. Take off the clothes of the children so they can bathe. Adik mo pinhod an ma-operate te boladan dita. I don’t like to be operated on because they remove all our clothes. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. Sim: baduy. (sem. domains: 5.3.8 - Naked.) 2intrans. to become or be naked. Mumbolad kayun u-unga ta mun-amo kayu. Children remove your clothes, and take a bath. Numbobbolad nan u-unga ya immen nah kalata. The child was naked and he went to the street. muN‑/nuN‑.
bol’ak (dial. var. of dolak) 1) sta. a wet surface, usually water or urine on floor; to become wet. Adim tu-unon nan basu te mablak nan dulung. Don’t tip the glass because the floor will be wet. Tibom nan danum ta adi bumlak. Be careful with that water so the floor won’t become wet. (sem. domains: 1.3.3 - Wet.) 2) trans. to wet a surface. Adim bolakon di dulung. Do not wet the floor. Nganney niblak tuh dulung? What wet the floor?
bol’at comm. the outer covering of the body, man and animals; skin; hide. Kimmudapul di bolat ku te kotol. My skin became dry because it is cold. (sem. domains: 2.1.4 - Skin.) id. kay bolat di banniyay bolat na id. kay bolat di nuwang di bolat na
bol’e 1sta. tiredness; fatigue; usually refers to muscle fatigue. Mable ka ke ya mun-iyatu ka. If you are tired, rest. Nableyak an uumbun. I am tired of sitting down. Adiyak pakah-od ke Talakka te nakakkableyak mon muntattattayun. I couldn’t wait for Talakka because I was so tired from hanging (from a tree). ma‑/na‑, naka‑ C. 6A Physiological Process - State. Sim: atu. (sem. domains: 2.4.4 - Tired.) 2proc. to be in the process of becoming tired. Mungkable ak te neligat tuwen ngunu. I am becoming tired because this work is hard. mungka‑/nungka‑. infl. mun-ible
bol’o trans. to purchase real estate at a bargain price. [Reasons for a bargain price are: the land may not be good or the field is uncultivated.] Binlonay muyung da. He purchased their forest cheaply. general: Some speakers may use the word for any purchase of a rice field, house, or any other real estate. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Convey/bring object toward agent. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.1 - Buy.)
bon’al trans. to throw something, usually stones, with the intention of hitting someone or something. Numbonal ku hanadan gulding an nangan hi page. I threw (stones) at the goats that ate the palay. Ugge mi inilay binumnal ke he-a te dingkug mi nan panto. We do not know who threw (stones) at you because our backs were against the door. Ibnal mu nan od-odnam. Throw the thing which you are holding. Inibnal na nan pakko. He threw the spoon at someone. Bonalom nan manuk ta adi na kanon nan page. Throw something at the chicken so it will not eat the palay. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑inum‑, i‑/ini‑. 3B Move and release object. Sim: wele, boka, tongba, gayang, balnu, alo, top-’al, wengngak; Sim: tongba, gayang, baladung, balnu, boka, alo, balabal. (sem. domains: 7.3.1.1 - Throw.)
bon’og comm. ribs. Nikuliyak ot mipakpak di bonog ku nah batu ot makahakkit. I slid and my ribs hit against the rock and they are very painful. Mahakit di bonog ku. My ribs ache. (sem. domains: 2.1 - Body.)
bong’ag comm. a big bird that usually eats its own young. [The bird is gray with white spots on back; it imitates the sounds of other birds; a little bigger than the manalatal.] Mailom nan bongag an hamuti. The bongag-bird is wild. Kay ka bongag! You’re like the big-headed bird. (You’re such a bighead) (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)
bong’ang 1intrans. to be foolish, without good judgment, results in inappropriate behavior. Mumbongang bo te nangapput. His behavior will be foolish because he won. Ugge tinugun di aammod na kinali bumongabongang. He was not advised by his parents that is why he is doing foolish things. Bumongang ka hin adim itikod an manginum. You will behave improperly if you do not stop drinking. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Sim: ango, himat. (sem. domains: 3.2.1.4 - Stupid.) 2sta. to be foolish. Nabongang nan e numputting tuh tanom. The one who nipped this plant is foolish. ma‑/na‑.
bong’eg comm. refers to a person who says good or bad words to a plant, animal and it withers or becomes thin; a type of curse. [During feasts, the food of such a person must be carefully prepared and handled so that he will not comment on the food, wine or anything about the feast so that people becoming sick from a curse is avoided.] Sim: idut, dug-a, duhngil, Ayak, Hagoho, gamud, hiblot. (sem. domains: 4.9.4.4 - Curse.)
bong’ig sta. to be gluttonous, said of a person who is never satiated in eating. Adida ayagan te nabngigan. He is never invited because he is a glutton/never satisfied. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. 6B Characteristics of human nature or life situation. (sem. domains: 4.3.6.1 - Lack self-control.)
bong’ol 1comm. necklace of the rich; three or four strands of beads, and used only during rituals. (sem. domains: 5.4.1 - Jewelry.) 2trans. to don or put on the necklace; to wear necklace of 3 or 4 strands of beads. [The rich who have performed the required rituals are the only people allowed to wear this necklace.] Adi logom na on e numbongol di tagu. Not just for anything should one wear a bongol-necklace muN‑/nuN‑.
bot’al advpred. to volunteer for a certain work; ever-ready for action; willing to work. Botal hi Domingu an e mumbayu. Domingo is ever-ready and willing to go and pound. Manner. Sim: gahugahu, gaga-o, gagaid. (sem. domains: 3.3.2.4 - Willing.) id. bintal na
bot’ok 1comm. a bundle of small things, e.g. rice stalks, green beans. Kaatnay ohan botok nah bulhe? How much is one bundle of beans? Kaatnan botok nan inani yun page. How many bundles of rice did you harvest? Ohan botok an balluy indawat na. He gave one bundle of immature rice grain. (sem. domains: 8.1.3.3 - Group of things.) 2trans. to bundle things that can be held in the hand. Mumbotok bulhen eda iggattang. They are bundling beans for them to sell. Bumtok kah al-alam. Bundle some for you to bring home. Botkom nan bulligan ta eta igattang. You bundle the wingbeans so we can sell them. Kaatnay nabtok? How many were bundled? ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑/na‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.5.4 - Tie.) der. bintok
boy’a comm. small water conduit; small canal, in a swidden or garden. An waday liting nah boya? Is there water in the water conduit? Sim: paluk, alak, kanal. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.)
boy’od trans. to sag from weight; to bend down from weight, as of a clothesline or a branch due to the weight of a load hanging on it. Ibyod di dibdib di kawayan. The wind bends down the bamboo. Boyodon yu nan hapang ta igakod ku tun hap-ayan. Bend down the branch so that I can tie the clothesline. Nabyod nan hapang te dakol di bunga na. The branch sagged because it has so much fruit. Nabyod nan kaiw. The tree was bent down. i‑/‑iN, ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. Sim: bay-u, huyuk. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.5 - Move down.)
bub’ung (sp. var. bubong) comm. roof peak in an Ifugao house or granary usually with a vent at the side which serves as a chimney; the topmost ridge of thatch. Muntudu nan bubung nan abung. The roof of the house is leaking. Kinayat kuy bubung di baleda. I climbed to the peak of the roof of their house. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.)
bud’al 1nom. an exit or opening to go out. Maid di buddalan nan gando. The rat has no exit. ‑an. Sim: buddu, lah-un. 2intrans. to exit; come out; go out. Bumudal kayu ni-an ta liniyan mi tun bale. Go out for a while and we will clean the house. Hinumgop kami nah balen ongal ya ekami bumudal ya hinnatkon di bimmudalan mi. We entered the big house but when we came out we came out from a different exit. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 7.2.3.4.1 - Move out.) 3trans. to bring something out. Ibudal mu nan it-ittalum. You bring out what you are hiding. Adiyu ibudal am-in hanan makan te dakol da pay di ugge nangan. Do not bring out all the food because many did not eat yet. Dahdiy nangibudal bo tuh intaluk an otak. Who brought out again this bolo which I had hidden. i‑/iN‑, mangi‑/nangi‑. 3E Move an object directionally. ph. v. bumudal nah hospital
bud’ing (sp. var. budding) comm. ricebird; two species. Eka mun-abul hi buding nah payo. You go to drive away the rice birds in the fields. Naligat di mun-abul hi buding. It’s hard to drive rice birds away. Upuwon di buding di page hin adi adugan hanan page hin mamunga. The ricebirds will consume the grains of rice if the rice is not guarded when the grains begin to form. Sim: banukung, bikongkong; gen: hamuti. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.) id. kay nomnom di buding
buh’ug sta. to be satisfied, of hunger; full of food; satiated. Nabhug nan golang kinali adi mo kumga. The baby is full and he’ll not cry anymore. Deket adim pinhod an madittolbo nah hilong ya tibon ta mabhug tuwali. If you don’t want to be disturbed at night, see to it that he is full. Ugge da nangan te nakabhug da kanu. They did not eat because they said they were too full. ma‑/na‑. 6A Physiological process - State. Sim: punek. (sem. domains: 5.2.2.6 - Satiated, full.) id. nabhug di bolsa na
buk’a 1trans. to set/let loose; to let go; release; to free; to untie. Ibukam nan ahu ta waday innunan mun-adug tuh bale. Release the dog so it can guard the house. Bukaan yu nadan manuk ta mun-ay-ayyam da. Set the chickens free so they can roam around. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3B Move and release object. Sim: bulus. (sem. domains: 7.2.6.4 - Set free.) 2intrans. an animal frees itself form a pen or from its tethering rope. Numbuka nan nuwang ot ume nah payo. The carabao set itself loose and went to the ricefield. Tibon yu te bumuka nan ahu. Be careful because the dog might free itself.
bul’u comm. tree, small variety. Amungon yu nadan namag-anan an bulu ta itungu ot mabala. Gather the dried bulu-wood for firewood anyway it gives off good heat. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)
bul’uk 1sta. to be rotten, decomposed, decayed. Nabuluk nan inhaang dan ihda. What they cooked for viand is rotten. Nakabulluk ot ahi hamakon hanadan tindalu. It was fully decomposed before the soldiers found it. Bulbulukkan kinali uggeyak gimmatang. It is a little bit rotten that is why I did not buy it. ma‑/na‑, naka‑. Prpcess or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 8.3.7.8 - Decay.) 2trans. to let or cause something to rot. Hanada ken iBontoc ya bulukon day dotag ta ahida ihda. The Bontoc people let meat rot before they use it for viand. ‑on/‑in‑. 3v. (fig) to be caused to be evil. Dakamiy kon bahul te binuluk mi. We are at fault because (you) caused us to be evil. ‑in‑.
bul’ung comm. a mushroom variety. Sim: balluyak; Gen: uung. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.)
bun’at 1intrans. to produce offspring. Binugtung da ina ke ama mo numbunat da ya walu kami. My mother and father were only children but they bore offspring and we are eight. Hi Alfredo di nangibunat kediyen ungan immed America. That child who went to America is the offspring of Alfredo. muN‑/nuN‑, mangi‑/nangi‑. 1E Physiological functioins. Sim: imbabale. (sem. domains: 2.6.3 - Birth.) 2v. to be named after a relative; to use an ancestor’s name; offspring of. Man-uket hi Catalinay ngadan ku ya ha-on di nangibunat hi ngadan da apu. My name is Catalina because I was named after the name of my grandparent. nangi‑.