Tuwali Ifugao - English


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bang’o (fr. var. bangbang’aw; fr. var. bangbang’o) comm. a floating water weed. [Found in rice fields and ponds.] Najas Graminea; Najadaceae Linn (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.) Lambrecht
bang’ot trans. for an animal to bite; a portion of flesh may be bitten from the body. Adika mih-up nah ahu te ibangot na man. Don’t go near the dog as it might bite you. i‑/iN‑. Sim: kalat, ngudngud. (sem. domains: 5.2.2.1 - Bite, chew.)
bangbang’aw (fr. var. of bang’o)
bangbang’o (fr. var. of bang’o)
bat’ag sta. 1bananas that are not ripened properly; the bananas develop hard, darkened parts. Mabatag nan nipal-um te kotol. The bananas will not ripen properly because it’s cold. ma‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.) 2to be dried-up, hard fruit due to improper ripening or insects which suck the moisture; discoloration on skin may be evidence of the condition. Nabatag nan tabuyug an emi kanon. The pomelo we were going to eat is dried-up. general: Normally bananas are the only ones which are mabatag; for other fruit they are described as makuti. ma‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano .
bat’in comm. kidney. Waday dogon di bati na. His kidney is defective/diseased. (sem. domains: 2.1 - Body.)
bat’ong comm. fishing net. (sem. domains: 6.4.5.3 - Fishing equipment.)
bat’u 1comm. stone; rock, generic. Manomnom kun handi keh kau-unga mi ya wadaday nihag-on kediyen ob-ob hi o-ongal an batu. I remember that when we were children, there were big rocks beside the same spring. Inwalakana hanan lata ot ikawot na hanah ongal an batu. She let go of the can and held on to a big stone. Um-umbun nah tap-on nan ohan ongal an batu. She was sitting on top of a big rock. spec: dulmug, muling, talugtug. (sem. domains: 1.2.2.2 - Rock.) 2sta. to be rocky, refers to ground that is full of rocks. Mabatu nan luta da. Their land is full of rocks. Mabatu nan habal da. Their camote patch has lots of rocks. ma‑. 3use rocks. 3.1trans. to lay rocks for a path or road. Batuwan yu nan dalan/kalata. Place stones/rocks on the road/path. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3.2trans. to throw a stone or rock. Adim ibnal nan batu. Do not throw the stone. der. binattu
batbat’ol comm. caterpillar species, large green with white stripes and smooth skin; eats gabi leaves or any green leaves; turns into a butterfly. Tumakutak hi batbatol. I’m afraid of caterpillars. Sim: babangngo. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)
batt’ong (sp. var. batong) 1comm. fishing net. a net used for fishing long ago; no longer used or known today. [A net used for fishing long ago; it is no longer used or known today.] Restrictions: Hudhud epic. Ugge inilan di tatagu hin nganney tibon di battong. People today do not know what a battong-net looks like. 2trans. to catch in a net; extended meaning Binattong dah Guminnigin. They caught Guminnigin in their nets. {literary} ‑in‑.
batung’ul 1comm. disease of fowls affecting the eyes. (sem. domains: 2.5.1 - Sick, 1.6.1.2 - Bird.) 2sta. to have eye sores. Nabatungul day manuk ku. My chickens eye infections. ma‑.
baw’ang comm. 1the inside of a container or contained area. Adi maphod di dola da; ammunay bawang di bale da an malini. The outside yard is not good; only the inside part of their house is clean. Sim: bohong. (sem. domains: 8.5.1.4 - Inside.) 2the center of a ricefield. Waday balen di dolog nah bawang di payo da. There is a fish cage in the center of their ricefield.
baw’ok (sp. var. of bowok) trans. to thrust downward with a sharp thing, usually for the purpose of placing an instrument such as yam-digger or walking stick. Imbawok Dulawan nan balabog na nah luta te bimmoh-ol. Dulawan thrust his spear into the ground because he was angry. Mumboka ka ke ya tibom ta adi mabawok. Be careful when digging yams so that they will not be damaged/pierced. Sim: bok’a. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.)
bay’a 1comm. rice wine. Dakol di baya hin waday mungkasal. There is plenty of rice wine if there is a wedding. Mala-u key duwan hinlingguwan ya damanan hiitom nan baya ta inumon taku! After about two weeks, pour out the wine from the jar and we’ll drink with you. Sim: balludbud, bubud; Syn: binnahi. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.6 - Beverage.) 2intrans. to perform a prestige feast ritual, providing wine. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. bumaya
bay’ug comm. thornless bamboo variety with thick stalk; best bamboo shoot to eat; has nettles; light to brownish in color. Naligat an matu-iy bayug takon di mumpuwok. A bayug-bamboo is hard to uproot, even by a storm. Sim: lanaw; Gen: kawayan. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.)
bel’et 1intrans. to hurry; to move or walk as fast as possible. Mumbelet an immanamut. He hurried as he went home. muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: butik. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.2 - Move quickly, 7.2.1.1 - Walk.) 2advpred. to hurry an action or activity. Beletan yu ta adi kayu mataynan. Walk fast so that you will not be left behind. Belebeletan Marya an mundallan ta wadan akhupanah Bugan. Marya walked fast so that she would be able to catch up with Bugan. Iblet yu nan mundogo nah ospital. Quickly take the sick person to the hospital. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑. Time.
bibiy’o comm. a supernatural spirit; fairy; goblin. [There are varying opinions about this type of being. Some classify the spirit being as evil; others believe they are fairy-like mythical beings with magical powers; others believe they are more like goblins, beings that are ugly and malicious.] Adiyak pe mangulug hi bibiyo. I don’t believe in fairies. “Mun-ay-ayam kamih did dola ya timmaddog on bibiyo nah hinangngab mi, inhumang ku. “We were playing in the yard and a fairy stood in front of us,” I answered. Sim: anninito, pinading, bumdang, mabdang. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.) id. mangali day bibiyo
big’at (fr. var. bigbigat; sp. var. biggat) 1comm. the following day; tomorrow. <The co-occurring determiner hi is obligatory.> Ahika umalih bigat. You come here tomorrow. Pumtang hi bigat te dakol di bittuwon ad uwani. The sun will shine tomorrow because there are many stars now. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.2 - Yesterday, today, tomorrow.) 2proc. becoming light in the morning; dawning. Mungkabigat handih dimmatong kami. It was about to be daylight when we arrived. Handih mungkabigat ya imme da nadah kipustuwan. When dawn came, they took their posts in strategic places. mungka‑. Sim: pat-al, algo, dilag, potang. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.3 - Time of the day.) der. kabigabigat der. kabigatana der. mabigat der. mungkabigat infl. nabigat
bit’il sta. famine; scarcity of food. [There was a scarcity of food during and following World War II because the occupying force ate nearly all that was available.] Mabitil day dakol ad uwani te hay kanginan di boga. Many suffer the scarcity of food nowadays because of the cost of rice. Mabitil di tagu ten dopal. People suffer from famine when there is drought. ma‑. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.)
bod’ang sta. 1to become reddish or yellowish as of vegetables and fruit in ripening. Mabdang nan kamatis. The tomatoes are red. ma‑, ‑um‑/‑inum‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. Sim: ingit; Sim: lod’ang, ingit. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.) 2to blush. Binummdang hi Anna dih kanak di inalana nan libbutan ku. Anna blushed when I said that she took my betelnut chewing bag. ‑um‑/‑inum‑.
bodab’od sta. to be tangled. Uhup an maubad te nibodabod. It will take time to unravel it because it is tangled. mi‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. Sim: lipot, libod. (sem. domains: 8.3.1.5.2 - Twist, wring.)
bog’a (fr. var. bingga) 1comm. uncooked generic rice, milled or husked. Nakattina hanan bogak nah bay-ong. My rice inside the sack was very wet. Pinpinhod ku nan ipugo an boga. I like the native rice. Mahapul datuwe ten mungkail ka: boga, dayakkot an pummayume, ongal an banga o palyuk, binokbok ya buhi. These are needed in the making of rice wine: ordinary rice, glutinous rice to be mixed with the ordinary rice, a big pot or vat, native yeast and a wine jar. spec: bulkitan, ipugo, tinoon, dayyakot. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2comm. riddle Inihdi ke nan danum hinuy-up na nan danum ya timmaba da. (boga) You put it in water, it sucks the water and becomes fat. (rice) (riddle) 3deriv V. to cook rice with focus on the activity. Mumboga da ya mungkail da. They cook rice and make wine. muN‑/nuN‑. 4trans. to get or take rice. Adi umanamut hi John ad uwanin linggu te dakol di bingga na handih immeh di. John will not come home this week because he took much rice when he went there. ‑in‑. der. mabga
boh’ag comm. first offspring. Hi Pedro di bohag da. Pedro is there firstborn. Gagalan maongngal te bohag. It is growing fast because it is the first offspring. (sem. domains: 4.1.9.1 - Related by birth.)
bok’a 1comm. tool to dig tubers; a metal rod pointed at one end, flat at the other end; original was made of coffee wood which was heated over a fire to harden it. Alam nan boka ta eta mumbokah gattuk nah habal. Get the digging tool and we will go to dig some sweet potatoes in the swidden plot. Sim: baw’ok. 2intrans. to dig with tool. Bumoka kah hin-latan gattuk. Dig a can of sweet potatoes. Eka mumboka ad uwani gattuk. Go and gather sweet potatoes now. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 6.2 - Agriculture.) 3trans. to dig all root vegetables. Ibaam hi inam ta eyu bokaan nan habal. Accompany your mother to dig all of the tubers in the swidden plot. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.
bokab’ok (sp. var. bokbok) trans. to debate seriously; to argue. Nganney ibokabok yu, ammod ku? What are you arguing about, my elders? i‑/iN‑. Speech Verbs - Manner of speaking. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.4 - Speak with others.)