Tuwali Ifugao - English


appit₂ (sp. var. apit) trans. to offer something to a god or spirit. [This may be an extended meaning of the same word form that means ‘to move something in a certain direction’.] Iappit day ohan babuy hi bagol. They will offer a pig to a spirit. Ta hidiye nan nangapya dah dios da an kay impan di bakay ang-ang na ot ianappitan dah aggayam. (Acts 7:41) And so they made their god whose appearance was like a calf and they sacrificed animals to it. i‑/iN‑, i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: - Offering, sacrifice.) infl. miappit
appit₃ 1comm. in the direction of something; the side of something; right or left part of something. Hanan appit nah diy pangidalanam. You walk on that side. (sem. domains: 8.5.2 - Direction.) 2trans. to go in a particular direction. Daanay pangiappitam? In what direction will you go? pangi‑ ‑an/nangi‑ ‑an. nangappit
appo 1intrans. to compete in an activity related to time; to race, to finish a task before another person. Mun-appo dan munbayu. They were racing as to who will be the first to finish pounding. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: - Run.) 2trans. to overtake, as in a race to compete or complete. Beletam an bumtik ta adi daka appowan ke hiya. Run as fast as you can so he will not overtake you. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal-oriented sites. infl. appowan infl. inappowan infl. naappowan
appowan (infl. of appo) trans. to overtake someone. Beletam an bumtik ta adi daka appowan ke hiya. Run as fast as you can so he will not overtake you. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.
apput compete. 1.1rec. to compete in games, discussion, or politics. Mun-innapput da nan hintulang. The two brothers are competing with each other. muN‑ ‑inn‑. (sem. domains: 4.8 - Conflict.) 1.2trans. to defeat an enemy, contestant or competitor. Inapput Aquino Marcos. Aquino defeated Marcos. Apputon dakan Juan. Juan can beat/defeat you. Apputon dakan Jose te ong-ongal. Jose will beat you because he is bigger. ‑on/‑in‑. Sim: abak. (sem. domains: - Defeat.) 1.3v. identifies the one who defeated someone as winning. Dahdiy nangapput? Who won? maN‑/naN‑ . der. pangapput infl. mangapput infl. naapput infl. nangapput
aptu (sp. var. of abtu)
apu 1comm. refers to grandparent and siblings of grandparent; grandmother; grandfather; great aunt; great uncle. {The context will disambiguate the specific reference.} Inayagan apun hi Indungdung am-in nadan inap-apu na. Indungdung, my grandmother, called for all her grandchildren. Maan-anlah apuna te tinibo nay hinlun di inap-apuna. His grandfather was very happy because he saw that his grandson was industrious. (sem. domains: - Related by birth.) 2prop. may be used as a respectful address of grandparents as well as anyone of grandparents’ age. Apu, daanay pangayan ina? Grandmother, where did mother go? 3prop. respectful address of older male or authority figure; sir. Wada da Apu Paredes ya Datumanung nah stage. Sir Paredes and Sir Datumanung were on the stage together. (sem. domains: 4.5.1 - Person in authority.) comp. Apu Dios der. inap-apu der. inapu der. mun-apu
Apu Dios (comp. of apu, Dios) comm. the Christian God; the Lord God. Hi Apu Dios di nangidinolana. He entrusted it to God. Gulatna nin ta maid di mundogo nadah mangulug Apu Dios ke ya maid da nin di mumbaki. Maybe if none of those believing in God would become ill, maybe there would be no more pagan priests. Syn: Maknongan. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.)
apuap (sp. var. of apuwap)
Apui prop. agricultural ritual. Cal: Lukat, Pudung, Loka, Ugwid, Bolnat, Kulpi, Hagophop, Paad, Pokol, Ingngilin, Tuldag, Ponpon, Takdog, Kahiu, Hikgut, Apui. (sem. domains: - Religious ceremony, - Offering, sacrifice.)
apul 1comm. lime powder; this is added to betel nut and leaf for chewing; it is made from the conical shaped snail shell that is burned to ashes then ground to a powdered consistency. [Traditionally, lime powder was placed on a newborn’s navel to dry it after the umbilical cord was removed. May also be used on wounds.] Ha-adam hi apul nan nag-od. Place lime powder on the cut. Idattanak nah apul mu ta apulak tun mimmak. Give me some of your lime powder so I will add it to my betel nut chew. wh: mom-on. 2trans. to use lime powder and place it on a betel nut chew. Idattanak nah apul mu ta apulak tun mimmak. Give me some of your lime powder so I will add it to my betel nut chew. Iapul mu nan indat apum. Use the lime given by your grandfather. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑ ‑an.
apulidu 1comm. surname; family name; last name. Nun-ingngo di apulidu da mu bokon da hintulang. They have the same family name but they are not related. (sem. domains: - Family names.) 2trans. to use a particular name as a family name. Inapulidu nay ngadan amana. He used his father’s first name as his family name. Cultural note: To use a father’s first name as a surname is a common practice in the culture. i‑/iN‑. Sim: ngadan. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.
apunge trans. to caress by pushing the hair away from the face; related to the expression of joy at seeing someone who has not been seen for a long time. Dimmatong hi Bugan ot apungayon inanan hi Indumulao. When Bugan arrived, her mother Indumulao caressingly pushed back her hair. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: - Touch.)
apupu trans. 1to carry something at chest area embraced by arms Iapupum tun golang ta apupuwok tun angang. You carry the child so that I can carry this jar. i‑/iN‑. 3F Move object with self. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.) 2to put arms around another in an embrace.
apuwap (sp. var. apuap) trans. to caress; rub gently a specific body part; massage. Apuwapom di tuktuk na ta mahuyop. Rub her forehead gently so she will go to sleep. Inapuwap inay odog ku ot mibangngad nah pun-ingunu na. She patted my back and returned to her work. Ap-apuwapona ya pinpinhod damdaman nan gawgawa. She smoothed its feathers and the duck liked it. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile actions. (sem. domains: - Touch.)
apuy comm. to exhume bones of dead person. Sim: lophak, Bogwa, katlu.
apy’ut trans. to press out contents; squeeze out the contents of something; to remove contents, e.g. intestines of fowls. Em apyutan nan putun di manuk. Go press out the contents of the chicken’s intestines. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. Sim: pohpo. (sem. domains: 7.7.4 - Press.)
apyu trans. to rub rice wine on the entire body, from head to toe, for the purpose of removing sickness; ritual massage, done in the ketema ritual. Inapyun Aginnaya Bugan. Aginnaya rubbed rice wine on the body of Bugan. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.7.5 - Rub, - Touch.)
aray (sp. var. of an’ay)
arina 1comm. flour Arina nan ingkamo na nah ihda. It’s flour that she mixed with the viand. Na-ala ot ikamom nan asukar nah arina ot ihaang mu. You just mix the sugar with the flour and then you cook it. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2trans. to put flour on something. Arinaan yu nan ipulitu yun balat. Place flour on the bananas you are going to fry. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: harina.
arkus (sp. var. of alkus)
armas (sp. var. of almas)
aspalto comm. substance used for paving. Language of Borrowing: English: asphalt.
asukal (sp. var. atukal; sp. var. asukar) 1comm. sugar Ha-adam hi asukal nan kape. Put sugar in the coffee. Sim: dil’u. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2trans. to use or place sugar on something. Asukalam nan gattak. Put sugar in the milk. Iasukal yu nan una. Use the sugarcane for sweetening. Nun-asukal nan nan una. He used the sugarcane juice for sugar. ‑an/‑in‑ an, i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: azucar.
asukar (sp. var. of asukal) sugar. Na-ala ot ikamom nan asukar nah arina ya iha-ang. Just mix the sugar into the flour and cook it.