Tuwali Ifugao - English


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am-in adj. all; referring to people, i.e. everyone, or things, i.e. everything. Makakkaphodan am-in di matiboh tu. Everything that is seen here is beautiful. Am-in on ipabahul nan ha-oy. He blames me for everything. Nun-ampuyo kamin am-in an binabai. All of us women wore the Ifugao skirt. Number quantifier. (sem. domains: 8.1.6 - Whole, complete, 8.1.5 - All.)
amih trans. 1to pick on someone even if it is not his fault; to bully because someone is helpless or not capable of defending himself nor of retaliating. Amihona imbabalek te ongal ke hiya. He picks on my son just because he is bigger. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 4.7.9.5 - Act harshly.) 2to insult; to berate; to put down. Amihonah tulang na. He insulted his brother. ‑on/‑in‑.
amilong comm. an ivy plant variety. (sem. domains: 1.5 - Plant.)
aminul 1intrans. to salivate; mouth watering, especially. when induced by sour food, delicious food, or when hungry. Mun-am-aminulak handi tinibok nan mangga. My mouth watered when I saw the mango fruit. Mun-am-aminul nadan u-unga te inang-ang dakan mangan hi mangga. The childrens’ mouths were watering because they saw you eating mango. muN‑/nuN‑ CV(C)‑. 1E Physiological functions. (sem. domains: 2.2 - Body functions.) 2trans. to swallow something; swallow something without chewing by allowing saliva to soak it first before swallowing. Aminulom nan agam ta waday atom an pumhod. You swallow your medicine so that you will get well. ‑on/‑in‑.
amit intrans. to climb or scale houses, trees, stonewalls; to climb expertly. Nan mun-ammitan di ayagan yun mangala nah littuku. The one who loves to climb is the one you call to gather the rattan fruit. Mun-amitan nan tagu nadah niyug. The man climbs from coconut tree to coconut tree. muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. Sim: kayat, kallehke. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.4 - Move up.)
amke (sp. var. of ake)
amki comm. gray squirrel-type animal with a long bushy tail. Dakol di amkih muyung. There are many squirrels in the forest. Sim: tabaw, amunin. (sem. domains: 1.6.1 - Types of animals.)
Amkidul (kid’ul) prop. thunder deity. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.)
Amkolyog (kolyog) prop. earthquake deity (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.)
Amlag 1prop. a ritual, something is offered to the spirit of a dead relative. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2intrans. to gather clothing and other things such as ampuyo ‘skirt’, attake ‘necklace’ balko ‘belt’, coins and place them in a winnowing basket, ligau. They are then offered to a dead relative for appeasement. Mun-amlag da te mundogoh inada. They are performing the Amlag-ritual because their mother is sick. muN‑/nuN‑.
amlid trans. to smooth out; to disentangle. [This word is especially used in regard to tangled thread.] Amlidom nan abolom. Smooth the thread that you are weaving. ‑on/‑in‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 6.6.1 - Working with cloth.)
amlong happy. 1.1intrans. refers to a feeling of well-being and contentment. Mun-am-amlong nadan aammod na handih nibangngad. His parents were very glad when he returned. muN‑/nuN‑ CV(C)‑. 2C Emotion and sensation. Sim: anla. (sem. domains: 3.4.1.2 - Happy.) 1.2intrans. refers to a happy feeling at a point in time. Umamlong ka ot immalih inam. Be happy because your mother arrived. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1.3sta. to be happy, characterizes someone as being happy. Maam-amlong dan am-in. They are all happy. ma‑ CV(C). 1.4trans. refers to the reason for feeling happy. Adim amlongan di adi maphod. Do not be happy about bad things. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 1.5caus. for someone or something to cause happiness. Hin-uddum ya mangipaamlong an ang-ang-angon di plawer. Sometimes seeing flowers causes one to be happy. Hay inap-apu diday mangipa-amlong hi aammod. Grandchildren cause grandparents to be happy. mangipa‑/nangipa‑.
ammayu (sp. var. of amayyu)
ammayyu comm. domestic animal; pet. (sem. domains: 1.6.1 - Types of animals.)
ammod 1comm. parents; elders; kin of parent’s generation; relatives. Handih kaittay ku ya dakol di istolyan di aammod ya nadan umali bale. When I was small, I heard many stories from older folks and from those who came to our house to visit. (sem. domains: 4.1.9.1 - Related by birth.) 2trans. to be related to. Ammodok diday iAmbabag. Those from Ambabag are my relatives. ‑on. infl. aamm’od
ammu sta. to be of sufficient quantity; to be enough of a quantity. <The frozen form is ammuna.> Umammuy hinamal? Will the rice be enough? Ammuna! Ag-agam di kalim. Enough! You talk too much. Ammunah. That’s enough. Am-amunah nae? Is that far one the only one? ‑um‑. (sem. domains: 8.1.7 - Enough.)
ammuna advpred. restricted to being the only thing or action of its kind and no other. Handih kaittay na ya ammunay Clinic an wadad Kiangan. When he was young, there was only a clinic in Kiangan. Ammunay inuinum di tagan yu. You just only drink (liquor) continuously. Limiting or minimalizing. (sem. domains: 8.3.5.3.3 - Unique.)
ammunay uluk an in-agtuk (id. of agtu) an idiom to express the idea of being poor (lit. only my head I carry on my head). Ammunay uluk an in-agtuk. I’m poor; all I own can be carried on my head.
ammunin (sp. var. of amunin)
ammung 1comm. a group that pools their money, and then, gives loans to members. Nadan imarket ya mundadammudah kabulabulan ta punhuhummanganan day panggep nan ammung da. Those from the market place gather once a month to talk about their cooperative venture. muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: ubbu, bokla, kalu. (sem. domains: 6.8.6 - Money, 4.2.1.7 - Crowd, group.) 2trans. to contribute money to a cooperative group. Iammung ku tun hinggatut. I will give this one hundred pesos as my share capital. i‑/iN‑. 3B Move and release object. (sem. domains: 4.1.2.1 - Working relationship.)
ammuyu 1comm. refers to someone who works without pay; a volunteer. (sem. domains: 6.1 - Work.) 2intrans. for someone to work without pay. Etaku mun-ammuyu hi bigat. Let us go to do volunteer work tomorrow. muN‑/nuN‑.
amnu intrans. to fulfill. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2G Processes. (sem. domains: 6.1.2.3.5 - Complete, finish.) Language of Borrowing: Keley-i Kallahan.
amo jealous. 1.1proc. to be jealous; to be envious. Umamowak ke hiya. I am so jealous of him. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 2C, Emotion and sensation . Sim: ah’ol. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.1.8 - Jealous.) 1.2trans. to envy someone; the affix cross-references the person that is envied. Inamohan dah Pedro. They were jealous of Pedro. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 1.3rec. for two people to jealously guard the amount of work that each needs to do. Mun-inammo dah ngunu. Neither of them want to do the work./Both of them want the other to do the work. muN‑ ‑in‑.
ampa (sp. var. ompa) 1comm. tick of cows, carabaos, dogs. Mabaga na ampan nan nuwang. The tick of the carabao is satisfied-full. Sim: kultut. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.) 2sta. to have ticks. Naampaan nan babuy. The pig has ticks. na‑ ‑an.
ampait (pait) comm. rattan fruit. Restrictions: Hudhud epic. {literary} Syn: littuku.