Tuwali Ifugao - English


a


abugadu 1comm. one who is legally qualified to act for another in matters of civil law; attorney; lawyer. Umayag kah abugadu ta hiyay mangitakdog ke he-a. Call an attorney to defend you. (sem. domains: 4.7.4.1 - Legal personnel.) 2intrans. to do the work of an attorney; practice law. Mun-abugadu nan imbabalena hin maongal. His son will be an attorney when he grows up. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to defend someone in court. Abugaduwan dakan hiya. He will defend you. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 4.7.5.4 - Defend against accusation.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: abogado.
abukadu 1comm. avocado. Mahong-o tun abukadu. This avocado is delicious. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.2 - Food from fruit.) 2sta. for an area to be full of avocado trees. Maabukadu nan muyung da. Their forest has lots of avocado trees. ma‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.
abul trans. to drive away, e.g. small animals, birds. Abulon yu nadan manuk ta adida kanon nan page. Drive away those chickens so that they will not eat the rice. Imme dan mun-abul hi buding. They went to drive away the rice birds. Dahdiy e mun-abul hi payo ad uwani? Who will go to drive away (the rice birds) in the ricefield today. Eyak mun-abul hi buding hi payo. I am going to drive away the rice birds in the fields. Abulom nan manuk ta adi na kanon nan boga. Drive the chicken away so it won’t eat the rice. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. Sim: dog-al, dulun, dugyun. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.)
abulut accept. Sim: tobal. 1.1trans. (prim) to agree to accept a proposal or a statement. Abulutom an hiyay mangiahawan hiya? Do you accept that he will be the one to marry her? Inabulut nan nan kinali da. He accepted what they said. Kon adi ka mo umabulut? Aren’t you accepting anything/anyone anymore. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.9 - Approve of something, 3.2.5.4 - Agree with someone.) 1.2trans. to consent to something, permit, allow. In-abulut nan ume da. He permitted them to go. Dahdiy nangiabulut? Who consented to it? Uggek in-abulut an ekayu ume. I did not agree that you will go. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.4 - Agree with someone.)
abuna (comp. of abu) advpred. 1it was only; there was only Abunay babuy ya manuk an mundallan. It was only the animals walking about (that she had to play with). Limiting or minimalizing. (sem. domains: 8.3.5.3.3 - Unique.) 2 it is only; the predicate modifies and constrains what is asserted. Abuna tuy dingngol ku mipanggep kediyen naat. This is only what I have heard about that case. Kanak pe on no abunay apuy ya kanan gayam ot takon hidiyen lata ya mun-anidu ta. I thought that it is only a fire (that we can acquire heat) and yet even as for that metal (thing), we can warm ourselves. Abunay hukik an nangipakkid nah adol di kaiw, mu ongnga-ongngal ot muntattayunak nah hapang. It was only my legs that held on around the trunk of the tree; but it was very big so I had to hang from a branch. comp. abunadi
abunadi (comp. of abuna) advpred. a compound that expresses the idea that time and effort have been invested in accomplishing a task with little or no result; enough already, don’t bother with more effort. Abunadi ya mun-oonan. Don’t bother anymore, it’s just taking up space. Limiting or minimalizing. (sem. domains: 3.2.5 - Opinion.)
abung 1comm. a hut; small house; humble home; has a low post and no round disk encircling the posts just below the floor. Waday abung nad abbat. He has a small hut at that nearby place. Umeyak nah abung nan in-ina. I will go to the small hut of the old woman. Sim: bale, kihikugan, allung. (sem. domains: 6.5.1 - Building.) 2trans. to build a hut; to stay in a hut. Mun-abung dad Linda. They are building a hut in Linda. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 6.5 - Working with buildings.) der. ab-abbung
abut comm. a hole, generic term. Waday abut nah dingding. There’s a hole in the wall. Sim: lokong, butbut, uwang, guk-ang. (sem. domains: 8.3.1.6.3 - Hollow.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
abuwan (der. of abu) advpred. this predicate expresses the idea that there is only one reason for what someone is doing or the only thing that is involved; the affix cross-references the action or thing. {This is a modality adverbial predicate that modifies an action.} Hay abuwan tun at-atton dan dakamid uwani ya dog-alon dakami tuh boble. The only thing that they want to do to us now is to drive us away from this barrio. Bokon ya abuwan datuwey matibod Manila. These are not the only things that can be seen in Manila. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Limiting or minimalizing. (sem. domains: 8.3.5.3.3 - Unique.)
abuy (der. of abu) exispred. a substitutionary form of an existential predicate that asserts a restriction by referring to the only one or only thing that qualifies in relation to the statement being made. Dadiye ya abuy Ippangyol an niha-ad ad Kiangan. They are the only Spaniards who stayed in Kiangan. Kediye ya pitu ya abuy kinnanan littalit. Those seven were the only bats that he trapped. Limiting and maximizing. (sem. domains: 9.1.1.1 - Exist.)
abyang comm. a tree variety; the wood is often used for studs in building houses because it is a hard wood; yellowish in color. Abyang di ingkapya da. They built, using abyang-wood. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)
abyu trans. to caress the cheeks of someone, usually only women do this to children or older women. Ab-abyuhanah apuna. She is caressing the cheeks of her grandmother. {literary} ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal oriented sites. (sem. domains: 7.3.4.1 - Touch.)
ad 1determiner 1.1det. this determiner marks spatial-place common nouns. Ipaem ad da-ul. Send her down (to lower place). (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.) 1.2det. marks place proper nouns. <morphophonemics: When a preceding word ends in a vowel, the vowel ‘a’ drops and the ‘d’ consonant is attached to the verb.> Umed (ume ad) Manila. He will go to Manila. 2det. marks time words: today, yesterday, and day before yesterday. Nuntudokak ke hiya ad ohhandi. I wrote to him the day before yesterday.
ad dalom₁ (n. ph. of dalom) comm. the area below the surface of the earth. Man-ut gagala ya tinummol da, mu ugge da immed dalom di lamut da. (Mateo 135-6b They quickly sprouted, but their roots did not go deep (under the surface of the earth). ...ta hidiye nan am-in wadah luta, hi langit, ad dalom ya mundukkun dah pundayaw dan hiya. (Philippi 2:10) ...therefore, everyone on earth, in heaven and under the earth will kneel in their worship of him. (sem. domains: 8.5.4 - Area.)
ad dalom₂ (n. ph. of dalom) prop. residence of spirits and deities. (sem. domains: 4.9 - Religion.)
ad kabunyan₁ (n. ph. of kabunyan) comm. sky area; sky dome above the earth. (sem. domains: 8.5.4 - Area.)
ad kabunyan₂ prop. residence of spirits and deities. (sem. domains: 4.9 - Religion.)
ad nakugab (n. ph. of nakugab) adv. yesterday. <Inflected form kugaban for topicalization of the time with delimiter abu.> Ad nakugab di immaliyak. I arrived yesterday. Ad kugaban ya abuy nangang-angak ke hiya. It was only yesterday that I saw him. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.2 - Yesterday, today, tomorrow.)
ad ohhandi (n. ph. of ohhandi) adv. day before yesterday; one day ago. Ad ohhandiy nangayana. The other day is when he went. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.2 - Yesterday, today, tomorrow.)
ad uwani (n. ph. of uwani) adv. 1refers to the day at the time of the speech event. Ad uwani aliyan ama an malpud Baguio. Today, Father will come from Baguio. Time. Syn: adn’iman. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.2 - Yesterday, today, tomorrow.) 2refers to the time at hand. Mipalpud uwani ya adik kulkulugon di kalkalyom. Starting now, I will not believe what you say./From now on I will not believe what you say.
ad uwanin toon (n. ph. of toon) adv. refers to the present year. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.6 - Year.)
ada-din (sp. var. inda-din) 1comm. boiled rice. Restrictions: Hudhud epic. Igammal day ada-din ot ahida lumahun. They ate the cooked rice before they went out of the house. {literary} (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2trans. to cook rice. Mangada-din/Mun-ada-din da. They are cooking rice. muN‑, maN‑.
adal trans. to learn; generally refers to a formal mode of learning rather than the traditional mentoring or modeling mode. Adalom an munha-ang. You should learn to cook. Mun-an-anlah inadan nangngol an dakol di inadal da. Their mother was happy to hear that they had learned so much. Man-uke kanak hidiye ya adalon dan mumbaki nah eda pundongdongollan ya abu. The reason I say that is that they learn to recite the rituals and prayers by listening only. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 3.2.2 - Learn.) Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog: aral. infl. adalon infl. maadal infl. naadalan
adallom (infl. of dalom) deep
adalon (infl. of adal) trans. to learn something in particular. Man-uke kanak kediye ya adalon dan mumbaki nah eda pundongdongollan ya abu. The reason I say that is they learn to recite the rituals and prayers by listening only. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 3.2.2 - Learn.)