Tuwali Ifugao - English


a


abba to carry. 1.1trans. to carry someone or something in a blanket or shawl on the back or front (chest area). [This is the typical way to carry babies and small children. A child is usually carried on the back with a shawl or blanket; also something breakable or valuable to be carried a distance is carried like this.] Iabbam hanan golang. Carry the child on your back. Iabbam nan buhi ten i-em hi alang te andani ya mag-a. Carry the wine jar on your back when you bring it to the granary lest it falls. i‑/iN‑. 3F Move object with self. Sim: bakyug. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.) 1.2v. refers to the manner in which something is carried, on the back. Mun-abba kayu ta umagwat taku. Carry that on your back so that we can cross the river. Nun-inabbah golang. She’s carrying a child on her back. muN‑/nuN‑.
abbaka (sp. var. of abaka) hemp
abbat 1comm. a nearby place. 1.1comm. a nearby place of the same elevation as the reference point; neighborhood. Umeyak hidid abbat. I will go there (nearby place). Immeh abbat na. He went to the nearby place. (sem. domains: 8.2.6.2 - Near.) 2trans. to go to a particular or specified nearby place. Iabbat kuh balen da Kunde. I will go to Kundeh’s house. Tipet umanab-abbatan ka? Why are you going back and forth nearby. In-abat da nan bilau. The runos were taken nearby. i‑/iN‑. 3trans. to go from one house to another; making the rounds of houses nearby. Mun-abbatanak hi balen di tutulang ku. I frequently go from one sister’s house to the others. muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. 4intrans. to go to or be at a nearby place. Ume bo kanu nah tap-on di wa-el nah ho- alak ya wadaday ngu bungubun mangabbat da. He went to the place above the creek in the er...irrigation ditch and there were mumbling voices nearby. maN‑.
abbel trans. to repair terrace walls by adding mud. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 6.2.2 - Land preparation.)
abbung trans. to cover for protection or shelter, e.g. mosquito net, leaves to cover small plants. Inabbungana nan anga nah panyuk. He covered his face with a handkerchief. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 7.3.7 - Cover.) der. ab-abbung
abbuy chant. 1.1intrans. to join in chanting. [This chanting is creative and original and is done for social enjoyment. It is most commonly done with the Hudhud and Liwliwa epics.] muN‑/nuN‑. Speech verbs. (sem. domains: 4.2.3.3 - Sing.) 1.2trans. to chant responsively or in reply; the song which elicits the reply is prominent. Abbuyan yuy kantana. You join in replying to his song. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.
ab-abbu (der. of abu) advpred. to be separated from others; to be alone. Ab-abbu dah di. They were alone there. Ingkuyug Jesus didad Betsaida ot ab-abbu dah di. (Luke 9:10b) Jesus led them (his disciples) to Bethsaida and they were alone there. Limiting or minimalizing. (sem. domains: 7.5.1.1 - Separate, scatter.)
ab-abbung (der. of abung, abbung) comm. playhouse; a small temporary hut. Waday liman ab-abbung an punhiduman. There were five temporary huts for sheltering. (sem. domains: 6.5.1 - Building.)
ab-abig (der. of abig) 1comm. a narrative; a story, true or devised. (sem. domains: 3.5.4 - Story.) 2trans. to tell a story. [In the past, it was believed that some persons had the ability to foretell future events.] Dakol di inab-abig na. He told many stories. ‑on/‑in‑. Speech Verb: Purpose is to entertain. der. ab-abigon der. mangab-abig
ab-abigon (der. of ab-abig) trans. to prophesy or predict an event or action. [This meaning was used in the translation of the Tuwali Ifugao Bible.] Donglon yu bo tun ab-abigok ke dakayu. (Matthew 21:33a) Listen again to this that I will prophesy about you. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 4.9.4.6 - Prophecy.)
abig₁ trans. to predict events; to foretell what will happen. [Foretelling was not a part of the traditional religion; thought to have been introduced in the early days of Christianity.] Mun-abig hi Guinniling. Guinniling is foretelling what will happen. Abigom di maat ke hiya. Predict what will happen to him. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. Speech Verbs - Purpose is to evoke a response. (sem. domains: 4.9.4.6 - Prophecy.) der. abigon
abig₂ comm. a parable; a story; invented for amusement. (sem. domains: 3.5.4 - Story.) der. ab-abig
abigon (der. of abig) trans. to foretell or prophesy a particular event. [This word, as well as the past tense form, inabig, are frequently used in the Old Testament to refer to the prophecies given by God to the prophets.] Kon gulat nat inila day wadah nomnom ku ya wada ot an impainilak ke diday eda abigon hi tatagu ta ipatikod da didan mangat hi gaga-iho. (Jeremiah 23:22) If only they had known what was in my mind, I would have made known to them what they should prophesy so that they would have caused them to stop doing evil. ‑on.
abilod proc. to become swollen and reddened, an area of skin is inflamed; welt. [Usually caused by being whipped or hit with something.] Immabilod di tipana te hinuplit nan mittulu. His buttocks has become swollen and red because the teacher whipped him. Immabilod di matana te kinumga. Her eyes became swollen and red because she cried. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2E Body/Physiological function. Sim: abnul. (sem. domains: 2.5.6.3 - Swell, 2.5.3 - Injure.)
abkiya 1sta. a group of people, birds or animals scatter in different directions usually as a result of fear. Dingngol da nan tinumkuk ot maabkiya da. They heard a shout and so they scattered in all directions. ma‑. (sem. domains: 7.5.1.1 - Separate, scatter.) 2proc. (fig) each family member chooses to go their own way, resulting in no family unity. Immabkiyay pamilyan Maria te mun-aawit da. Maria’s family have each gone their own way because they are always quarreling. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2A Movment from one place to another. (sem. domains: 4.1.6 - Disunity.)
ablan comm. the loom for weaving; refers to all of the separate pieces. [Formerly, women did a lot of weaving as the grain was ripening so that everyone would have new skirts and loin clothes when people joined together for harvesting and celebrating.] Maid day mun-abol ad uwanin dakol te natalak day ablan. Not many weave today because the looms have been lost. Part: uluwan, lolottan, gul-unnan, baliga, hikittan, kalabig. (sem. domains: 6.6.1 - Working with cloth.)
ablat intrans. to climb up to a higher place. [This is still used in Lagawe area as common language; Lagawe is thought to be the original area of the Ifugao and the Hanglulo language.] Restrictions: Hudhud epic. Immablatak ad tap-o ot inhabyat ku nah tuktuk di bilid. I climbed upwards and reached the top of the mountain. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2A Movement from one place to another. Syn: tikid. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.4 - Move up.)
abnul proc. to swell. Umabnul nan kinalat di ulog. The snake bite is swelling. Immabnul di taklek. My hand is swollen. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 2E Body/Physiological functions. Sim: abilod. (sem. domains: 2.5.6.3 - Swell.)
abobok intrans. 1a rattling sound in throat, in old age or when dying. Mun-abobok di kalin din am-ama. That old man speaks with a rattling sound. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds . (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2the clattering sound in rapid succession as of automatic guns.
abok 1comm. a mat, anything used to spread on the floor to sleep on. Mahuyopak nah abok. I will sleep on the mat. (sem. domains: 5.1 - Household equipment.) 2trans. to spread a mat or blanket for sleeping. Iabok mu nan ulo. Spread the blanket. Abokam nan dulung ta pungkaddapanan nan golang. Spread a mat on the floor so that the baby can crawl on it. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Class 3A Move and position object. Syn: api.
abol 1comm. the native loom-woven skirt. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2weave. 2.1intrans. to weave on a hand loom. Mun-abol hi apu. Grandmother is weaving/weaves. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 6.6.1.4 - Weaving cloth.) 2.2trans. to weave a particular product on a loom. Nganney iabol mu ad uwani? What will you weave with now? (referring to the thread which is to be used) Wano nan in-abol ku ad nakugab. A loincloth is what I wove yesterday. An maphod di pun-abol nah ampuyo? Does she weave skirts well? i‑/iN‑, puN‑. Class 3C Move, combine or attach object. (sem. domains: 6.6.1 - Working with cloth.) 2.3trans. to weave with a site-object cross-referenced by affix. Abolan dakah ampuyo. I will weave a skirt for you. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.
abono₁ 1intrans. to work without pay, free labor. Mun-abono kayu. You will work for free. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class . Sim: baddang, tulung, dang-a. (sem. domains: 6.1 - Work.) 2trans. to pay for something for someone, making it free for them. [If the payment is offered without being requested, it will not be reimbursed.] Abonowam ta ahik bayadan. Pay for me and I will pay you later. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.
abono₂ 1comm. fertilizer. 2to fertilize. (sem. domains: 6.2.2.3 - Fertilize a field.) 2.1intrans. to apply fertilizer; a durative activity. Mun-abono takuh bigat. We are going to apply fertilizer tomorrow. muN‑/nuN‑. 2.2trans. to apply fertilizer to plants. Abonowam nan bulhe. Put fertilizer on the beans. Em abonowan nan intanom mu. Go and fertilize what you have planted. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Class 5A Changing state of site by adding something. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.
abtu (sp. var. aptu) to anticipate. 1.1trans. to look forward to something; eagerly await someone or something; the affix cross-references that which is anticipated. Abtuwan day aliyana. They are eagerly anticipating her arrival. Abtuwan nay ayan da. He was eager for them to leave. Naabtuwan ka yaden ugge ka immali. You were waited for eagerly, yet you did not come. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, na‑ ‑an. Class 2C, Emotion and sensation . (sem. domains: 3.2.7.1 - Hope.) 1.2intrans. to anticipate something with impatience; the negative component of waiting and time passing is highlighted; the person feeling the impatience is cross-referenced by the affix. Uma-abtuh Bugan an nunhood ke he-a. Bugan was impatiently waiting for you. Umabtuwak hi kahilongana. I am waiting impatiently for nighttime. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. infl. umab-abtu
abu 1adv. (prim) an adverb that limits and minimizes whatever concept that it modifies, e.g. an action, process, number, emotion. <Morphology: Derivation and compounding are common word formation processes with this morpheme.> Ha-on ya abu di ume. I only will go. Hanada ya abu makahhapul muy gatangom. Spend only for things that you really need. Tinibo mi an hay nidadaan ya abu ya duwan palangganan hinamal. We saw that what was prepared for us was only two basins of rice. Limiting and maximizing. Sim: ampod. (sem. domains: 9.2.2 - Adverbs.) 2adv. (sec) an expression of restriction or limitation. Abu moh nae! Stop that! Abu moy kumodokodoh pihhu. Enough of your begging for money! 3trans. can become a derived verb that cross-references an object. Bokon ya abuwan datuwey matibod Manila. These are not the only things seen in Manila. comp. abuna comp. adin-abu comp. ot ya abu der. ab-abbu der. abuwan der. abuy