Tuwali Ifugao - English


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an’uy intrans. to swim with the current using feet with only head/face exposed. Mun-anuy nan ahu. The dog swims with its head out of the water. muN‑/nuN‑. 1A Movement with manner component. Sim: agae, keke, languy. (sem. domains: 7.2.4.2.2 - Swim.)
ap-ap’at comm. an insect with a segmented body and a pair of legs in each segment; centipede. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)
ap’a (sp. var. of appa) adjunct. expression of fear, protection and/or compassion. Apa! ta mag-a nan golang. Look out! The child might fall! E apah Pacita an nate. A pity for Pacita who died. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.)
ap’aw (sp. var. of appaw) adjunct. expression of surprise, approval or sympathy; Oh! Yes! Apaw! Ya he-a! Oh! It’s you. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.)
ap’ing comm. cheek. Inumpa on lalog nah aping na. A fly landed on his cheek. (sem. domains: 2.1.1 - Head.)
ap’uy 1comm. the burning of a substance resulting in a chemical reaction which releases heat and light; fire. Nad-op nan apuy. The fire went out. Kanak pe on no abunay apuy ya kanan gayam ot takon hidiyen lata ya mun-anidu ta. I thought that it is only a fire, even though that is a can, and we can be warmed. Sim: banawat. (sem. domains: 5.5.4 - Burn, 5.5 - Fire.) 2trans. to start a fire by specifying the firewood to be used. Em apuyan din itungu ne uggan mu tibon hin maphod di apuy na. Go and build a fire with that firewood and see to it that the fire burns well. Adi matiboy tokona ya kumalat. (apuy) You cannot see its mouth but it bites. (fire)(riddle) ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3intrans. to build a fire. Mun-apuy ka. You build a fire. muN‑/nuN‑. id. bimmalay apuy da id. inda-i ta bumalay apuy da id. kay naapuyan di tokok
app’ing (sp. var. of amping)
apy’ut trans. to press out contents; squeeze out the contents of something; to remove contents, e.g. intestines of fowls. Em apyutan nan putun di manuk. Go press out the contents of the chicken’s intestines. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. Sim: pohpo. (sem. domains: 7.7.4 - Press.)
at’op 1comm. roof; roofing material. Hinnanotak di atop nan balemi. I changed the roof of our house. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.) 2trans. to construct a roof; to use as roofing. Iatop yu nan gulun. Roof with the cogon grass/Use cogon grass for the roof. Atopan yu nan baleda ad uwani. You are going to roof their house today. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3pass. to be roofed. Naatopan moy baleda. Their house is already roofed/has a roof. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. 4intrans. to make a roof. Mun-atop da nadan mungngunu. The workers are constructing the roof. Umatop kayuh pun-hiduman taku. Make a roof for our shelter. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑.
aw’al trans. to embrace; to hug; to put arms around someone or something. Awalom hi inam ta adi ume. Embrace your mother so that she will not go. Iawal mu nah tukud. Embrace the post. Inawal Joseh amana ot ahina bo awalon hi inanan mungkokkogga. Jose hugged his father after which he also hugged his mother who was crying. Mangali nan mun-ango an umawal. The crazy person who embraces people is coming. Adi maawal te makatabba. She cannot be embraced because she’s so fat. ‑on/‑in, i‑/iN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑/na‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.1.9 - Move a part of the body.)
aw’it₁ 1comm. revenge object; victim of a vendetta. Eka umalah awit na. Go take his revenge on someone. Sim: buhul; Sim: balo. (sem. domains: 4.8.2.5 - Revenge.) 2trans. to kill someone in revenge for a kinsman who was killed. [This might be an extended meaning of the same form that means ‘to call for someone’.] Iawit muh tulang mu! Avenge your brother. i‑/iN‑.
aw’it₂ trans. to get someone; to bring someone. Awiton yu tun unga ta adi kumga. Take this child along so he will not cry. Deket umali ka ya umawit kah lalaki ta odnana tun ohan sakun tabuyug. When you come, you bring a boy along to carry this sack of pomelos. Maid di maawit an mumbalbal. There’s no one who can be brought along/hired to do the laundry. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑/na‑. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent. (sem. domains: 7.3.3 - Take somewhere.)
ay’a adjunct. an expression meaning really true. Wada aya di tulang mun babai? Do you really have a sister? Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.3 - True.)
ayy’ud 1comm. a basket for holding spoons, small and woven of rattan. Napnu nan ayud hi idu. The basket is full of spoons. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to place spoons in basket. Iayyud mu tun idu. Put these spoons in the basket. i‑/iN‑.
a- (sp. var. of aN-)
aaa adjunct. expression of fear; Ahh! Aaa! Kanana ot mun-oga. Ahh, he said, then fell. Interjection. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.4 - Afraid.)
aamm’od (infl. of ammod) comm. 1elders; ancestors; forefathers. [The traditional religion has been based on beliefs handed down by the Ifugao ancestors.] Hanadan aammod takuy nangapyah payo handih done. It was our ancestors who made the rice fields long ago. Hay pangi-e takud uwani ya nipuun hi pangi-en di aammod taku handi. Our ways today are based on the ways of our ancestors. Apu, damanan tontonom hanadan aammod ku? Grandfather, can you trace my ancestors? (sem. domains: 4.1.9.1 - Related by birth.) 2those who give birth to next generation; parents. Matibon mundogo, ot ibagana nadah aammod nan umayag dah mamakko. She was evidently not in good health. So he advised the parents to call for a mamakko-shaman. Imakaiw di aammod na. His parents are from the forested place.
aba 1comm. a variety of an edible starchy root crop; taro; tuber. Munhibak kah aba ta kanon taku. You boil some aba-tubers for us to eat. Pinhod kuy nihibak an aba. I like boiled aba-tubers. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2trans. to gather tubers. Etaku mangaba. Let’s go and gather aba-tubers. maN‑/naN‑.
abade 1comm. a triangle of cloth used as shawl; anything used as a shawl. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2trans. to wear a shawl. Mun-abade ka ta adi matuningan nan odog mu. Wear a shawl so that your back will not become cold. muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: awako. (sem. domains: 5.3.7 - Wear clothing.)
abak trans. to compete with someone. 3H Conversive action process. 1.1defeat. 1.1.1trans. to compete with the focus on the ‘defeat’ component. Abakon dakan Juan. Juan will/can defeat you. Abakok nan mittulu I can defeat the teacher. Pangabakom nan pihhuk te bayadam ten ipaabak mu. Make my money win because you will have to pay it back if you lose it. Adika piabbak. Don’t let yourself be defeated. Inabakak ke Pedroh tugal. I lost to Pedro in gambling./Pedro defeated me in gambling. ‑on/‑in‑, pi‑, ipa‑. Sim: apput. 1.1.2sta. to be the one to lose; loser. ma‑. 1.2trans. to win 1.2.1trans. to win something; usually used in relation to gambling. Kaatnay inabak mun dih hilong hi tugal. How much did you win last night in gambling. Man-u te deket nangabak di tagu nah tugal ya mun-an-anla. It might be that when one wins in gambling he is happy. ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑/naN‑. 1.2.2nom. winnings. [The word may be used in a communication situation: 1. winning in a debate 2. being more articulate than another.] Kaatnay pangabak yu? How much are your winnings?/How much did you win? Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. der. pangabak infl. maabak infl. mangabak infl. nangabak
abaka (sp. var. abbaka) comm. 1(prim) hemp. [The plant is exactly like the banana plant except for the fruit which is inedible.] Adi makan di bungan di abbaka. The fruit of abaca is not edible. (sem. domains: 1.5 - Plant.) 2(sec) rope or cord made of hemp. (sem. domains: 7.5.4.1 - Rope, string.)
abako adj. a group of winged creatures, e.g. locusts, birds; a horde. [This word is commonly used about a horde of rice birds that descend upon a rice field to sip the liquid of developing rice kernels.] Imaali key hin-abakon buding ya naligat an abulon dida. If a horde of rice birds comes, it is difficult to drive them away. Inabul ku nan hin-abakon buding. I drove the horde of rice birds away. hin‑. Number quantifier. (sem. domains: 4.2.1.7 - Crowd, group.)
abala comm. the breast part of fowl. Ihaang mu hanan abalan nan manuk. Cook the breast part of the chicken. (sem. domains: 1.6.2.1 - Parts of a bird.)
abal-abal (sp. var. maabal) beetle
abang 1comm. rental. Ongal di mapihhu da nah abang di tatagu. They get big money from the rentals of the people. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.6 - Hire, rent.) 2trans. to rent. Abangan mi nan balen Mike. We will rent Mike’s house. Abangan da nan daulon yu. They will rent the space under-your-house. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal oriented actions. 3trans. to rent. An mun-abang kayuh balen da Bayawon? Are you renting in the house of Bayawon? Adida pinhod an umalah mun-abang. They do not want to have anyone rent it. Kaatnay pun-abang yu ohan bulan? How much are you renting it for one month? muN‑/nuN‑/puN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. infl. maabangan