Tuwali Ifugao - English


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aamm’od (infl. of ammod) comm. 1elders; ancestors; forefathers. [The traditional religion has been based on beliefs handed down by the Ifugao ancestors.] Hanadan aammod takuy nangapyah payo handih done. It was our ancestors who made the rice fields long ago. Hay pangi-e takud uwani ya nipuun hi pangi-en di aammod taku handi. Our ways today are based on the ways of our ancestors. Apu, damanan tontonom hanadan aammod ku? Grandfather, can you trace my ancestors? (sem. domains: 4.1.9.1 - Related by birth.) 2those who give birth to next generation; parents. Matibon mundogo, ot ibagana nadah aammod nan umayag dah mamakko. She was evidently not in good health. So he advised the parents to call for a mamakko-shaman. Imakaiw di aammod na. His parents are from the forested place.
ad-ad’ing comm. a large red ant that gives a painful sting from its tail-end. Linumbag ya immingit nan tinilod di ad-ading. The place that was stung by the red ant became red and swollen. gen: gutul. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)
adn’iman adv. now. [This form is likely borrowed from another dialect of Ifugao.] Restrictions: Hudhud. Adniman di pangaliyan Dinulawan. It is today that Dinulawan will come. {literary} Time. Syn: ad uwani. (sem. domains: 8.4.5 - Relative time.)
adod-’on₁ intrans. rumbling sound, referring to earth when there’s strong thunder. Mun-adod-on peman di pangat di kidul. The earth rumbles due to the thunder. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)
adod-’on₂ (sp. var. odod-on) intrans. to do housekeeping work; housework. Mun-adod-on ka hin wada ka tuh bale. Do household work when you are at home. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class. (sem. domains: 5 - Daily life, 6.1 - Work.)
ag’a adjunct. 1a polite expression; please; excuse me. {This is a polite expression that can be used to soften a request or demand; also, it can be used to excuse oneself from an event or communication situation.} Idat yu agah tuwe ke Maria? Will you please give this to Maria? Agak, apapon daka? Agam, ten pinhod mu. Shall I go ahead and slap you? Go ahead, if it pleases you. Aga ta mangmangngeyak pe. Excuse me, I’m going ahead. Agat ek aton hanan ngunuk ta magibbu. Excuse me, I will go to finish my work so that it will be done. Aga, nangamung boh pidwana. There now, till next time. Aga, di inalam ad Manila. Please (let me see) what you got in Manila. Aga ke ta ha-oy di muntudok. Move away so I’ll (be the one) to write. Interpersonal. (sem. domains: 9.2.6 - Particles.) 2expression that means to go ahead and do something or continue action. Mun-ap-apo wak kanu ya- uggek inila nan ia-apok. Aga mot nan bumdang di ia-apok. According to them, I’ll tell a story; oh, I don’t know what to relate. Okay, I’ll tell a story about roaming spirits. Agam, deket pinhod mun makie ya mundadaan kah pihhum ta deke ya imme ta. Go ahead. If you want to join in going, save your money so that we can go. (sem. domains: 3.5 - Communication.) der. agannat
ag’i comm. sibling; brother; sister; cousin. Hin-aaggi dadiyen u-ungan mun-ay-ayyam. Those children playing are cousins. All the relatives of the same generation as the speaker may be referred to as a sibling. hin‑ CV‑ C2. Sim: iba, manang, tulang, kamang. (sem. domains: 4.1.9.1.3 - Brother, sister.)
aga’mang 1comm. sleeping house or sleeping quarters for young people. [In times past, there were separate houses for young women and young men; young women usually stayed with a widow; traditionally there were evenings when young men went to ‘serenade’ the young women. ] (sem. domains: 6.5.1 - Building.) 2intrans. to sleep in someone’s house, other than the home of the nuclear family. Eyak mun-agamang hi balen da Bugan. I will go to sleep in Bugan’s house. muN‑/nuN‑.
ah’a (sp. var. ahh’a) adjunct. expression of disapproval; expression of disagreement; expression of refusal. Aha! Mangan kayut ahiyak mangan hi bale. No. You go ahead and eat, I’ll eat at home. Aha, tipe bo anhan ta em boh-olan. Oh come on, why do you have to scold her? Interjection. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.)
ah’el 1comm. the sound of river current. Adi kami pakahuyop te hay ahel di wangwang. We could not sleep because of the sound of the current of the river. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2intrans. to make the sound of water current. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds.
ah’in 1comm. salt. Ialim nan ahin ta ahinak tun ihda. Bring me the salt and I will salt the viand. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.3 - Cooking ingredients.) 2trans. to add salt to something. Ahinan yu nan ihda. Salt the viand. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. 3intrans. to give salt to an animal. He-ay mun-ahin nadah baka. You will be the one to give salt to the cows. muN‑/nuN‑. 4nom. salt container. [The tubung bamboo container was formerly used to store salt.] Ihaad mu nan ahin nah pun-ahinan. Put the salt in the salt container. puN‑ ‑an.
ah’ol intrans. to be envious; to be jealous. Adika umahoahol. Do not always be jealous. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2C Emotion and sensation. Sim: amo. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.1.8 - Jealous.)
ahh’a (sp. var. of ah’a)
ak’i comm. little girl; child, used as vocative. [It is used when addressing a little girl who is closely related or one who is very dear to the speaker.] Makakeh tu aki. Come here, dear little girl. Aki, adika kumga. Child, do not cry. Sim: i-inggi. (sem. domains: 2.6.4.2 - Child.)
ak’ud trans. to get cooked rice from the pot; to dish out rice. Akudom nan niha-ang. Dish out the cooked rice. Opwatom nuppe nan hinamal, akudom hi ligau ta madibdiban ta mababao. Remove the cooked rice from the fire, ladle it into a winnower so the air will help to cool it. ‑on/‑in‑. 4D Release, remove, detach object. Sim: bano, haklung, hoklad, ado. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.7 - Take something out of something.)
alihb’uk intrans. a great number of anything continuously moving, compared to swirling dust. Mun-alihbuk di pihhu hidih puntutugalan da. Money was swirling like dust where they were gambling. muN‑/nuN‑. 1B Movment with a directional component. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.)
alin’u sta. tingling of teeth and numbness of gums; usually felt after eating sour fruit. Naalinuy bab-ak an nangan hi mangga. My teeth had a tingling sensation after eating the mangoes. Umalinu nan ugge nal-um an mangga. Unripe mangoes cause tingling of the teeth. ma‑/na‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. (sem. domains: 2.5.6.1 - Pain.)
alol’ok (sp. var. galolok) intrans. gurgling sound. Munggalolok di bagang nan golang te mun-uk-uk. There’s a gurgling sound in the baby’s throat because he has a cough. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)
alut’on comm. firewood with smoldering end. Adim pid-on di aluton nah golang. Don’t let the child hold smoldering firewood. Sim: unuun. (sem. domains: 5.5.4 - Burn.)
am-amh’it comm. a small black ant. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)
am’o bathe 1.1trans. to bathe someone or something, e.g. a child or dog Amohom na ahu. You bathe the dog. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 5.6.2 - Bathe.) 1.2ref. to bathe oneself. Etaku mun-amoh wangwang. Let’s go to bathe in the river. Mahapul an mamitlu kan mun-amo ohan algo. You have to take a bath three times a day. muN‑/nuN‑. 2E Body/Physiological functions.
amb’un trans. to gang up on someone; to attack someone as a group. Pun-aambunan dah tulang ku ot ek baddangan. They were ganging up on my brother so I went to help. pun‑ ‑an, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal oriented sites. (sem. domains: 4.8.2 - Fight.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
an’ak (sp. var. nak) comm. child of; son; daughter. Hi Tomas an anak Tuguinay di ahawana. It is Tomas, son of Tuguinay, who is her husband. Hi Juan ya anak Pedro. Juan is the son of Pedro. general: This word for child is frequently used in oral literature and rituals. Sim: bunat, tanud, holag; Syn: imbabale. (sem. domains: 4.1.9.1 - Related by birth, 2.6.4.2 - Child.)
an’ay (sp. var. aray) 1adjunct. Ouch!; an outcry of pain. Anay! Mahakit nan natwik ke ha-oy. Ouch! The injection hurts. Interjection. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.) 2intrans. to continue to cry out with pain. Mun-anaanay handi nag-a. He kept on crying out when he fell. muN‑ CV(C)CV‑.
an’up trans. to hunt for animals. Eda mun-anup hi amunin nah muyung. They are going to hunt for a wildcat in the forest. Eda umanup hi ulha. They are going to hunt for wild pigs. Anupon yu nan ulha an numpai nah habal. Hunt for the wild pig that destroyed the swidden farm. Maid di maanup ad uwani. There is nothing to hunt now. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent. (sem. domains: 6.4.1 - Hunt.)