Browse Vernacular - English

l


lab’at 1comm. interest payable for debts; money or in kind. Kaatnay labat di hinggatut an pihu? How much is the interest for one hundred pesos? (sem. domains: 6.8.6 - Money.) 2intrans. to gain interest. Munlabat hi ohan pihu tun himpulun pihu. This ten-peso-bill will have an interest of one peso. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to charge interest. Adim palabaton hi ongal tun gawatok ke he-a. Don’t charge too much interest on what I’m borrowing from you. pa‑ ‑on. id. palabaton di kali
lad’un sta. to stay for a long time in a place. Adika bo miladun ad Manila. Don’t stay long in Manila. mi‑/ni‑. (sem. domains: 7.2.7.2 - Stay, remain.)
lag’at 1trans. to involve others; include others. Adim ilagat nadan binabai. Do not involve the women. i‑/iN‑. 3C Move something and combine it with or attach it to something else. (sem. domains: 4.2.1 - Come together, form a group.) 2pass. to be included or involved in a group. Maphod key pangat di tagu ya ahi milaggat ke Apu Dios. If a man is good, he will be included as a member of God’s group. Adika mih-up dih mundadama te milagat ka. Don’t go near those who are fighting because you might be involved/affected. mi‑/ni‑.
lah’in 1sta. to be married. Maong-ongal ka ke ta malahin ka, adim kal-iwan da amam ke inam. When you grow up and marry, do not forget your father and mother. ma‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 2.6.1 - Marriage.) 2intrans. to provide for a relative who marries. Limmahin hi imbabalen tulang na. He provided for the marriage requirements of his nephew. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3trans. a parent is the agent of arranging the marriage of a child. Lahinom nadan u-unga ot deyan nanomnomman da mo. Marry off the children; anyway, they are already of age. ‑on/‑in‑.
lak’a 1sta. to be easy to do or perform. Nalakan munbayuh kape. It is easy to pound coffee. Kon nalaka? Adik ot pe lakaon. Is it easy? I don’t take it to be easy. na‑. Sim: hin-unu. (sem. domains: 4.4.2 - Trouble.) 2adjectival predicate. to do something easily. Laklaka-on itagge nan batu. He lifts the stone easily. ‑on/‑in‑. 3cheap. 3.1sta. to be cheap; inexpensive. Nalakay bulhe te dakol. Green beans are cheap because there’s plenty of them. na‑. 3.2proc. to become cheap. Limmaka nan igattang dan liblu. The book they are selling became cheap. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
lam’uk comm. mosquito species. Dakol di lamuk hitu. There are many mosquitos here. Sim: toma, wawwahhe. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
lam’ut 1comm. roots of plants. Namag-anan di lamut nan lappao te uggem linitingan. The roots of the sunflowers are dried up because you did not water them. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.) 2proc. to develop roots; to become rooted. Antipet adika madlig, kon limmamut ka? Why don’t you move, are you rooted there? ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2G Processes. id. limmamut hidi an boble
lang’a trans. to carry on shoulders, arm bent around to hold the thing being carried. Langaom nan itungu ta ipaghop mu. Carry the firewood and bring it inside. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Convey/bring object toward agent. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.)
lap’it comm. dried banana leaves. Libbutam hi lapit ne ahim tolgan. Wrap it with dried-banana-leaves then light it. Sim: daun. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.)
lapl’ap₁ comm. sweet potato soup. [The sweet potatoes are pared, cut into pieces, then boiled with plenty of water and a little sugar.] Pinhod muy inlaplap? Do you like sweet potato soup? iN‑. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.)
lapl’ap₂ trans. to scrape animal skin with a sharp knife after it has been singed. Laplapom nan bolat di gulding ta ihongbam. Scrape the skin of the goat and roast it. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of the object. Sim: latlat. (sem. domains: 5.2.1.2 - Steps in food preparation.)
law’ah adj. of no help or worth; useless. Lawah naen em inat. What you did is useless. Lawah Jose an ibba. Jose is a useless companion. Qualifier. (sem. domains: 6.1.2.2.2 - Useless.)
lay’ug 1comm. a very tall and aged coconut or other variety of palm. Maid moy bungana te layug tuwali. It has no more fruit because it is old. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.) 2proc. become an old coconut or other variety of palm. Limmayug mu nan niyug hi bale. The coconut palm at home became old. Nalayug nan moma an uggan pangal-an. The betel palm where we usually get betelnut is now old. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑/na‑.
lik’on 1comm. padding for head in order to carry a heavy load, made from leaves or cloth. Ihaad mu nan likon ku te madam-ot tun gampan agtuwok. Put the pad on my head because the basket I’ll carry is heavy. (sem. domains: 6.7.3 - Carrying tool.) 2trans. to wear or use a pad on the head or shoulder for carrying something heavy. Likonam nan pah-onom an kaiw ta adi humakit nan pukol mu. Use a carrying-pad with the wood you are going to carry so that your shoulder will not be sore. Munlikon ka te mahakit nan gampa an iagtu. Use a carrying-pad because the bottom of the basket you will carry is painful. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑. 5A Changing state of site by adding something.
lob’a comm. a slope or side surface area of rice paddies. [The terrace side of a ricefield can be high and steep.] Kayatom din loba hin pakakayat ka. Climb that wall-slope if you can. (sem. domains: 6.2.9 - Farmland.)
lob’ag proc. to swell up; for flesh to bulge due to bites or wounds. Lumbag di kalaton di gayyaman. Centipede bites swell up. An linumbag nan tinapay? Did the bread-dough rise (lit. swell)? Nungkaladladan di aadol na ya linumbag di huhuki na. He had bruises all over his body and his feet were swollen. ‑um‑/‑inum‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. (sem. domains: 2.5.6.3 - Swell.) infl. lumbag infl. malbag
lob’ong 1comm. a body of water; a lake; a pond. Eda mungkeke nah lobong ad Ambuwaya. They are going to swim in the lake at Ambuwaya. Sim: baybay, wangwang, wa-el. (sem. domains: 1.3.1 - Bodies of water.) 2trans. to fill depression in earth with water, e.g. a ricefield, a pond; to flood. Em lobngon din payo taku. Go fill our ricefields with water. Limbong da nan payo ot ha-adan dah tilapia. They flooded the ricefield and placed tilapia-fish. Nal-ot di dinlu kinali nalbong di kanal. There was a strong rain that is why the canal was flooded. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑.
lod’ang 1sta. to be reddened and heated; refers to the redness caused by heat; a flushed face due to heat or anger. Tipe munlodang di tamel mu? Why is your face flushing? Adika mih-up nah apuy te maldang ka. Don’t stay near the fire because you’ll get hot. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Sim: bod’ang, ingit. (sem. domains: 8.3.4 - Hot.) 2trans. to heat and redden metal in a fire for the purpose of blacksmithing. Ildang mu nan otak. Heat (lit. redden) the bolo. i‑/iN‑. 3D Move an object with a resulting change of state. (sem. domains: 6.6.2.3 - Working with metal.)
lod’ong trans. to point a finger at someone or something. [To point the finger at someone can be insulting especially when accompanied by harsh words.] Lodngom di baleyu. Point to your house. Antipet eyak lodngon ke he-a? Why do you point your finger at me? Lindong da ya immingit They pointed at him and he blushed. on/in . 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. Sim: tuddu. (sem. domains: 3.5.6.1 - Gesture.) der. lodlodongngan
log’ab intrans. to burn, house or vegetation. Miadiy munlogab hi bilid. It is forbidden to burn mountainsides (vegetation and trees). Ihaad mu nan apuy mahikon te lunggab ka man. Put down that fire, little boy, because you might burn the house. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1C General class. (sem. domains: 5.5.4 - Burn.)
log’ang 1comm. empty building; uninhabited building; vacant. Hinumgopak nah logang ot mahuyopak hidi. I entered the empty building and slept there. (sem. domains: 6.5.1 - Building.) 2sta. to be vacated, refers to a house that has been vacated. Tipe tuwalit e malgangan? Why should it be vacated? ma‑ ‑an.
loh’an 1comm. hardship; suffering; misery; may refer to either physical or mental pain. Dakol di lohan hantuh tap-on di luta. There are so many hardships here on earth. muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: ligat, holtap. 2trans. to undergo pain or suffering. Adim punlohanon nan unga. Don’t let that child suffer. puN‑ ‑on. (sem. domains: 3.4.2 - Feel bad.)
loh’ot 1comm. shortcut. Idalan taku nah lohot. Let us go by the short-cut. (sem. domains: 6.5.4.1 - Road.) 2trans. to take a shortcut. Inlot taku. We took the short-cut. i‑/iN‑.
lok’a 1trans. to bring down something; to take something down from shelf. Lokahom nan hukup ta mangan taku. Bring down the rice basket (from the shelf) so we’ll eat. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.5 - Lower something.) 2intrans. to come down; alight from a vehicle or animal; dismount. Munloka ka nah lugan. Come down from that vehicle. Lumka ka nah kabayu te nable. Dismount from the horse because it is tired. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.5 - Move down.)
lom’ok₁ 1comm. dirt. Itikod yun bumanuttikan te lummok kayu. Stop running about because you scatter dirt. Sim: lugit. (sem. domains: 1.2.2.1 - Soil, dirt.) 2make dirty. 2.1intrans. to cause dirt to scatter or fly about. Itikod yun bumanuttikan te lummok kayu. Stop running about because you’ll scatter dirt. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2.2trans. to make something dirty. Adiyu lomkon tun hinamal. Don’t make this rice dirty. ‑on/‑in‑.