Tuwali Ifugao – English


p


pa- caus. this prefix encodes a causative agent involvement in the action or activity; it is the basic causative form. <This causative prefix co-occurs in combination with many other affixes.> Adim mo painnay-ayyam te mahapul an mun-istudy kah ustu. You are not going to squander your time. Mipatibo an dakol di page da. This shows that they have rice to spare. Sim: pa- -on. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)
paad 1comm. a message sent through someone. Hay paad amam ya umanamut ka hi bigat. The message of your father is for you to go home tomorrow. Sim: bilin. (sem. domains: 3.5.2.1 - Report.) 2trans. to send message verbally to another through someone. Impaad da an alam kanu nan bulwatina. He sent word that you are to bring his clothes along with you. i‑/iN‑. Speech Verbs - General.
Paad prop. a ritual that is part of the agricultural calendar. Ibaki day Paad. They will perform the Paad-ritual. Cal: Lukat, Pudung, Loka, Ugwid, Bolnat, Kulpi, Hagophop, Paad, Pokol, Ingngilin, Tuldag, Ponpon, Takdog, Kahiu, Hikgut, Apui; Syn: Lopeng. (sem. domains: 4.9.5 - Practice religion.) ahipaad
paal trans. to place ashes over embers in order to extinguish them. (sem. domains: 5.5.4 - Burn.)
paanhanon (infl. of anhan) trans. to prioritize; to make something the most important or most valuable. Paanhanom an aton ni-an nan kinalik ta ahim aton di udum an ngunum. Make what I told you the first thing you do before your other work. pa‑ ‑on/impa‑ ‑on. (sem. domains: 8.3.7.5 - Important.)
pabahulon (infl. of bahul) caus. to blame someone or something; to cause someone or something to be blamed. Pabahulon da nan puhan nangan nah ihda. They are blaming the cat that ate the viand. pa‑ ‑on/impa‑ ‑on. (sem. domains: 4.7.5.3 - Accuse, confront.)
pabanhan (infl. of ban’o) caus. to lend something; to cause something to be borrowed. Umipabano kah pihhum ta ta ek ibayad ni-an nah bimmanoak. You lend money so that I can pay what I have borrowed. pa‑ ‑an/impa‑ ‑an, umipa‑/immipa‑. (sem. domains: 6.8.5.3 - Owe.)
pab-owon (bao) 1trans. (fig) an extended meaning of cool, i.e. to cool off when angry. Pab-owom nan boh-ol mu ne ahik ayagan. Cool off your anger then I will call him. pa‑ ‑on/impa‑ ‑on. 2pass. cooled off. Nab-oy bungot na. His anger was cooled off.
pabolsaan (infl. of bolsa) caus. to cause money to be in a pocket; give pocket money. Pabolsaam hi tulang mu te umed Baguio hi bigat. Give your brother some pocket money because he is going to Baguio. pa‑ ‑an/impa‑ ‑an.
pabor trans. to be partial to someone; to favor; a verbal agreement may be made with the person being favored. Adiyu paboran nan tagu gapu te kadangyan. Don’t favor a person because he is rich. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal-oriented sites. (sem. domains: 4.3 - Behavior.) Language of Borrowing: English: favor.
padang 1comm. bracelets, leg bands, worn on legs by males, made of copper. Kinapya dah padang nan giniling. They made the copper into a leg-bracelet. Gen: gamgam. (sem. domains: 5.4.1 - Jewelry.) 2intrans. to wear ankle bracelet. Mumpadang nan imbabalem te manayo da. Your son will wear leg-bracelets because they will perform the native dance. muN‑/nuN‑.
padas trans. to attempt to do or experience something. Uggena pinadas an mundogoh namahig. He has never experienced a serious illness. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 6.1.2.1 - Try, attempt.)
paddapad comm. a big ginger-like plant with red fruit which sprouts out of the stalk. Kinan nan amunin nan paddapad. The wildcat ate the paddapad-fruit. Sim: kallawag. (sem. domains: 1.5 - Plant.)
paddapadda₁ adjunct. come-what-may attitude; what will be, will be; carefree. Paddapadday punnomnom din unga. The boy has the attitude of come-what-may. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 3.4.1.2.1 - Relaxed.)
paddapadda₂ trans. to use a broken stick as a pointer to locate a lost thing during a ritual. Paddapaddaon da nan natalak an pang-o. They will look for the lost gold-necklace with the broken-stick method. {ritual} ‑on/‑in‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 4.9.5 - Practice religion.)
paddi 1sta. for two actions or events to occur at the same time; coincidentally. Eyak umali mu nipaddi an immudan. I was about to come but it happened to rain. Mipapaddih aliyan yu ya dumatong hi Bugan. Your coming will coincide with Bugan’s arrival. mi‑/ni‑. Sim: dihhan. (sem. domains: 8.4.5 - Relative time.) 2trans. to do something at the same time as another event. Paddiyom hi baleda ot dehdi nah himbatangan. Go see him in their house; anyway he is there in the afternoon. Ipaddi yun umali tu hin maidak hitu. Come here when I am not here. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions.
paddiing (der. of diing) comm. a toy top. Kinapya na nan moma hi paddiing. He made the betelnut into a toy top. pa‑ C‑. Sim: bowwot. (sem. domains: 4.2.6 - Entertainment, recreation.)
paddung 1trans. to imitate an action. Ipaddung mun nah inat tulang mud nakugab. Imitate what your brother did yesterday. Paddungom nan inat da. Imitate what they did. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. 3I Direct action toward object. Sim: obot, umat, ingngo. (sem. domains: 8.3.5.5 - Imitate.) 2intrans. to be alike; to have the same appearance; similar looking. Numpaddung di taddung mi. Our hats are the same. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 8.3.5.2.1 - Same.) der. paddungnay
paddungnay (der. of paddung) advpred. the form functions to make a comparison of an action or event with another; a predication of a simile. Paddungnay happiyo da nan ongal an pamhod mu. It is like their shield is your great love. Comparative. (sem. domains: 8.3.5.2 - Compare.)
padi 1comm. usually refers to Catholic priests, but some speakers have extended its meaning to clergy of any denomination; in the Old Testament of the Bible, it refers to members of the Aaronic priesthood. (sem. domains: 4.9.7 - Religious organization, 4.9.7.1 - Religious person.) 2intrans. to enter the priesthood. Mumpadi nan imbabalena hin maongal te miunuunud hi padi. His child will enter the priesthood when he grows up because he tags along with the priest. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: padre.
padlak 1comm. a padlock. Gimmattang hi padlak nan kabana. He bought a padlock for his wooden trunk. (sem. domains: 6.7.5 - Fastening tool.) 2trans. to lock with a padlock. Ipadlak mu hin bumuddal ka. Padlock it when you go out. Padlakan yu nan hoob hin ume kayuh iskul. Lock the gate with a padlock if you go to school. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: English: padlock.
padngol (infl. of dongol) trans. to say something which is contemptuous or scornful; to insult; to make an allusion whether negative or positive; to insinuate. Adi maphod di mumpadngol ta hi ibban tagu. It isn’t good to insult anybody. Adim padngolan hi tulang mu. Don’t insult your sister. Mumpadngol bo da ama an malahin ka. Father is insinuating again that you should get married. Padngolan dakan dida te nan inat mu. They will make negative allusions to the thing you did. mumpa‑/numpa‑, pa‑ ‑an/impa‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.8.2 - Insult.)
padpad comm. a gate on a doorway. Ha-adam hi padpad nan panto ta adi humgop di ahu. Place a Dutch door in the doorway so that dogs will not enter. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.)
pae (infl. of e) 1trans. to free something; to set loose; to release, may be used of release from jail. Ipaem nan manuk. Set the chicken free. Paeyam nan linubid ta adi mabitkol nan babuy. Release some of the rope so the pig will not be strangled. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3B Move and release object. (sem. domains: 7.2.6.4 - Set free.) 2intrans. to set oneself free. Mumpae nan nuwang hin adim ihamad di gakod na. The carabao will set itself free if you do not fix its rope. muN‑/nuN‑.
paga trans. to beat with a stick. Apa, dahdiy em pagaon? Oh, whom will you beat? Ipagam nan payung hi tokona hin kumalikali. Hit her mouth with the umbrella if she keeps on talking. Adik pinhod an indallan hina te pumaga nan mun-ango. I do not want to pass there because the crazy person will hit with a stick. Pumpaga na nan kama ta mag-a nadan kitob. He was beating the bed so that the bedbugs will fall. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, puN‑. 4B Tactile - Touch. Sim: bakdung, huplit. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.)