Tuwali Ifugao – English


o conj. conjoins alternative choices. Mahapul datuwe ten mungkail ka: boga, dayakkot an pummayume, ongngal an banga o palyuk, binokbok ya buhi. These are needed in the making of rice wine: ordinary rice, glutinous rice to be mixed with it, a big pot or vat, native yeast (leaves of the binokbok- plant) and a wine jar. Mahapul an hanan himmagabi ya taganah kolong hi nuwang o babuy ta pihdana nadah deh muyung ya nadan udum an bumadbaddang. The man performing the hagabi-ceremony must go on butchering carabao or pigs to feed the people in the forest and all the others who are helping him. Coordinating conjunctions. Sim: weno. (sem. domains: - Clause conjunctions.)
=o (sp. var. no) interj. pause; these forms are used to give time to a speaker to formulate the rest of his sentence. <The final consonant of the word preceding the pause sound is duplicated as a transitional sound attaching to the vowel ‘o’ as the pause form. The transitional consonant is as varied as the number of final consonants of any word. > Indani ya- ena kanu iuduk onno mungkulih Lammooy an haniyana. Later on, according to him, he tried to pass under the extended arm yet Lammooy blocked him. Sim: Co.
oah adjunct. expression of confirmation; yes, why not, Sure! Okay!. An umali ka? Oah. Are you coming? Sure. Oah umaliyak. Yes, I’ll come. Interjection. (sem. domains: 9.4.6 - Yes.)
oban 1comm. a cloth, shawl or blanket used for carrying children who are strapped on the back or chest area. Wada nan oban nah pikdol. The carrying-shawl is in the corner. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2trans. to carry a child with blanket. Obanan yu nan golang te uma-aliy hinuyop na. Carry the child in a blanket because he is very sleepy. In-obana nan bayyaung hi nangiobbaana nah golang. He used the bayyaung-blanket to carry the baby. Mun-oban kayu apum ta mahuyop ka mo. Your grandfather will carry you with a blanket and you will sleep. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑, i‑/iN‑. Sim: ulo. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.) comp. palat di oban
obay comm. female carabao. Nate nan obay an nuwang nan hinag-on mi. The female carabao of our neighbor is dead. (sem. domains: 1.6.7 - Male and female animals.)
obbo intrans. to follow one another in an action; one after the other. Mun-oobbo kayu bo ahan. Oh! you come and go one after the other. Deya ot an nun-obbo kayun dimmatong. There, you arrived one after the other. muN‑/nuN‑. 1B Movement with a directional component.
ob-ob₁ comm. a spring of water. Eka humagob nah ob-ob. Go and fetch water from the spring. Sim: otbol, hobwak. (sem. domains: 1.3 - Water, - Spring, well.)
ob-ob₂ trans. to incubate eggs. Ob-oban nan gawgawa nan itlug na. The duck will hatch its eggs. Inob-oban nan manuk di itlug na. The chicken incubated its eggs. Mangob-ob nan manuk nah daulon. The chicken is incubating its eggs under the house. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal-oriented sites. Sim: hiklod; Sim: opa. (sem. domains: - Egg.) infl. mangob-ob
obo sta. to be the last one in doing something. ma‑. (sem. domains: - Order, sequence.)
obot advpred. to be no different from someone or something when compared; to be the same in behavior. Kumogakoga nan golang yaden obotna bo nah ong-ongal an ibana. The baby is always crying and the older one was no different. (was also always crying) Comparative. Sim: umat, paddung, ingngo. (sem. domains: - Compare.)
odda 1comm. the outer layer of something. Kinaanay oddan di bulwati na. He removed his outer garment. Sim: dakkop. 2trans. to place something over something else, e.g. shirt, cloth, paper, outer garment. Oddaon yu di ulo yu te kotol. Use two blankets because it is cold. Nun-oodda di bulwati na te makaktol. His clothes are placed one on top of the other because he feels very cold. Ioddam nan mahdol an kamahhita. Use the thick shirt for your outer garment. Naodda nan bulwatina. He is wearing two shirts. (lit. one on top of the other) Pun-odahom nan ulom te kotol. Double your blanket because its cold. ‑on//‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, i‑/iN‑, ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: - Add to something, 7.5.9 - Put.) 3trans. (fig) to commit adultery; to take another spouse, adding to the one in place. Itugun kun adim oddahan di inayam. I advise that you shouldn’t take another spouse. (sem. domains: - Husband, wife.)
odod-on (sp. var. of adod-’on) to do household work.
odog comm. back of body. Mahakit di odog ku. My back aches. Inapuwap inay odog ku ot mibangngad nah pun-ingunu na. She patted my back and returned to her work. Sim: bangkug, binleg. (sem. domains: 2.1.2 - Torso.)
odon₁ comm. valuable possessions; inheritance. Ha-oy di namoltan hi odon Ama. I inherited the valuable possessions of my father. Inggatang nay payo da ya odon da ta hay ahan itugal na. He sold their ricefields and heirlooms just to have money with which to gamble. Sim: tawid, boltan. (sem. domains: - Value, - Own, possess.)
odon₂ trans. to hold; to carry something held in hand. Indonak nan gampana ot mange kami. I held (and carried) the basket and we went. Adim odnan di uwa te mag-od ka. Don’t hold the knife because you’ll be cut. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Sim: kawot, kapet. (sem. domains: - Hold.) infl. mangdon
odop trans. to extinguish light; to put out fire. Odpom di dilag ta ahika mahuyop. Put out the light before you go to sleep. Ha-oy di mangdop nah dilag. I will be the one to put out the light. Adi mad-op nan apuy takon di hipyatam hi liting. The fire will not go out even if you pour water on it. ‑on/‑in‑. Class 4A Change structure of object. (sem. domains: 5.5.4 - Burn.)
og’a₁ 1trans. to drop something. Inggana nan banga ot maphik. He dropped the pot and it broke. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.) 2to fall. 2.1intrans. to lose balance and fall off or fall down. Mun-oga kah na hin mipinggit ka. You will fall off there if you stay on the side. An pinatnaam di mag-ah nitag-e? Have you ever fallen from a high place? Impakakkag-an nan dibdib nah nihap-e. The wind caused all the clothes in the clothesline to fall. muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑/na‑. Sim: balintuwag, lotwad, tu-un, uhbung. (sem. domains: - Fall.) 2.2pass. for an inanimate thing or animal to fall off or down. Nag-a day bungan di mangga te maid udan. The mango blossoms fell off because there has been no rain. Nag-a nan nuwang ot mate. The carabao fell off and it died. ma‑/na‑. 2.3trans. refers to something falling; the place where it falls is in view. Daanay nag-ahan nan talak? Where did the truck fall off? Adida mag-ahan nadah batun mungkakag-a. They can be safe from the falling pieces of rocks. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an.
og’a₂ trans. to start; to travel; to set off; to leave; to depart. Mungga dan umed Kiangan. They departed to go to Kiangan. An hi bigat di umgahan yu? Are you going to start tomorrow morning? (sem. domains: - Leave.)
oggan (sp. var. uggan) adv. 1some unspecified times; periodically; now and then; sometimes. Ogganak umeh balen da apu. I sometimes go to my grandparents’ house. Ogganak idatan ke auntie hi pihu. My auntie gives me money now and then. Ogganak muntudok ke hiya. I used to write him now and then. Nate moh apu Casilda ya maid moy oggan mangialih allaman nibayuh puhu. After Grandmother Casilda died, there was no one from that time to bring crabs pounded with banana blossoms. Sim: pinninghan. (sem. domains: 8.4.3 - Indefinite time.) 2unspecified future times, no end time in view; from now on. Adika mo oggan munha-ang te binoggam nan inha-ang mud nakugab. Don’t cook rice anymore because what you cooked yesterday was not cooked well. (sem. domains: 8.4.5 - Relative time.)
ogna trans. to hold something in hands. Imme ot ognanay taklen imbabalena. She went and held the hand of her child. (sem. domains: - Hold.)
ogod sta. to have small cuts on hands or feet, usually cut by grasses. Nag-odak hi bilau. I was cut by a cane-reed. Umgod nan tubun di bilau. The leaves of the cane-grass cause cuts. ma‑/na‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. (sem. domains: 2.5.3 - Injure.)
ogon 1intrans. to hold back in doubt and hesitation, often because there is an awareness of a distinction in status. Mun-ogon an kumali te indai ya boknon da. She is hesitant to comment for they might resent it. Mun-ogon an e humgop. She is hesitant to enter. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class. Sim: halinduwa. (sem. domains: - Attitude.) 2comm. shame due to lack of status, not because of wrong doing or inappropriate behavior. Maid ogon mun e makikan ke dida. You have no shame to go and eat with them. (How dare you go and eat with them!) (sem. domains: - Ashamed.)
ogwak 1comm. a banana stalk section; stripped off layer of a banana stalk; these sections are often used as plates at feasts. Deket waday hamul ya hay ogwak di balat di panganan. If there’s a feast, stripped-off banana stalks serve as plates. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.) 2trans. to separate banana stalks into sections. Ogwakom danae ta panganan taku hi andani. Separate those banana stalks so that we will use them for eating later on. Mangogwak dah usalon hi bigat nah kasar. They are separating banana stalks to be used in the wedding tomorrow. ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑/naN‑.
oha 1quan. one, cardinal number. Oha ya abuy Dios. There’s only one God. (sem. domains: - Cardinal numbers.) 2trans. one time; once. Naminghan dakan dinamu. I only met you once. namiN‑. (sem. domains: - Number of times.) 3trans. to repeat an action on one thing at a time; one-by-one. Ohhaohhaom didan ayagan. Call them one by one. ‑on/‑in‑ CV(C)CV. 4adv. one each. Hin-oh-ay idat kun dakayu. I’ll give you one each. hin‑. Limiting and maximizing. (sem. domains: - Distribution.) 5trans. to do something alone. Mu adik bo pinhod an eka mahmahmok an maoh-ohha. But also, I don’t want you to be pitiful, always alone. ma‑ CV(C)‑. comp. himpulut oha comp. oha bo der. hin-oh-a der. maoh-ohha der. maoh-ohha der. naminghan der. naohha der. numpinghan der. ohhaan der. oh-ohha der. pinghan der. pinghana infl. o-oha
oha bo (fr. var. oha pay) (comp. of oha, bo) advpred. used to add an additional argument or reason in discourse; furthermore; another thing is. Nihallay nangipatakan nah kaiw. Oha pay ya nunyaku nan kaiw. You nailed the wood in the wrong place. Furthermore, the wood is crooked. Makaphod hituwen ihda. Oha bo ya nalakan iha-ang. This viand is very good. Another thing, it is easy to cook. Mathematical. (sem. domains: - And, also.)