Tuwali Ifugao – English


d


da₁ pers. 1they; third person, plural pronoun; the form is a member of both Set 1 and Set 2 and encodes the subject grammtical relation, whether or not it is cross-referenced. Indatan dah Pangkah ittay hiyo dotag ot kanana ot di mun-iyan ad Mamangan. They gave Pangka some small er...meat and told him to spend the night at Mamangan. Imme dah hilong ot muntalu da nah e-elena. They went while it was dark and hid outside of the camp. Inha-ad da nan basket hi bale. They left the basket in our house. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2third person plural, possessive pronoun, Set 1; equivalent to the English possessive pronoun ‘their’. Ume kamih bale da. We are going to their house. Loktat mo anhan ya nauman am-in di odon da. Soon enough, nothing was left of their heirlooms. Nun-idadaan day ootak da ya papahul da. They prepared their bolos and their spears. comp. dehdida ph. v. dedah di ph. v. dedah tu
da₂ quan. plural quantifier; co-occurs with demonstratives, nouns and the existential predicate. <Morphology: The quantifier form becomes an enclitic on Set 1 demonstratives and the existential predicate; it becomes a proclitic on Set 2 and Set 3 demonstratives; it stands alone as an independent form when co-occuring with nouns, common and proper.> Maid ke handidan aammod an kimmalikali an kanan day matongaal tan mun-itkul ya wada ot an ohaak damdama hanadah natag-ey adal na. If it hadn’t been for those old folks who kept discouraging me and saying that studying is distracting and has no value, I could have been one of those highly educated now. Wada da Apu Paredes ya Datumanung nah stage ya Sir Paredes and Sir Datumanung were on the stage together Loktat bo kaya ya wadaday inin-innilak an gagayyum ku. Then, I met some people who became my friends. Ingonay kay da gugutul di tatagu ten mundaldallanan ka nah kalata. You are compared to ants when you are walking along the road. Dakamin da Bugan ke da Kabbigat ya hi Hinayyup di nungkukuyyug. We were together with the group of Bugan, Kabbigat and Hinayyup. Daan da nan iibbam? Where are your companions? (sem. domains: 8.1.1 - Number.) comp. dayyada
daan (sp. var. da-an) int. where; interrogative pronoun; asking for the location of something. Daanay nalpuwam. Where did you come from? Daan nan kanam an kihkihdiyam? Where did you say you are living? An daana udot di pangal-am hi em itugatugal? Where do you get the money to be continuously gambling. (sem. domains: 8.5 - Location, 9.2.3.4 - Question words.) andaan comp. daana mo
Daan di momam? (id. of moma) where is the betelnut; traditionally, a greeting with the suggestion of stopping for a chat while chewing betelnut. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.4.3 - Greet.)
daan mo ahan ta (comp. of daan mot, ahan) adjunct. to express a polite request. Daan mo ahan ta baddangana ni-an dida ot maid di at-attom? Can you not help them since you have nothing to do? Interpersonal. (sem. domains: 3.3.2 - Request.)
daan mot adjunct. used to make a suggestion for an action or activity or to suggest a way of doing something. Daan mot iathitu taku? Why don’t we do it this way? Interpersonal. (sem. domains: 3.3.3.3 - Persuade.) comp. daan mo ahan ta
daana mo (comp. of daan, mo) int. where now. [This implies that given the present circumstances there is a question that what is needed is not likely to be found.] (sem. domains: 3.5.1.5 - Ask.)
daanay int. interrogative question regarding the location or destination of someone or something. Daanay pangayam? Where are you going?
dadaan prepare something. 1.1trans. to prepare something for use. Idadaan muy kanon taku. You prepare our food. An waday ahim idadaan hin umali kami. Do you have something to prepare if we come? Idadaanan dakayu hi makan. We’ll prepare food for you. i‑/iN‑, i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. 3A Move and position object. (sem. domains: 6.1.2.6 - Prepare.) 1.2pass. something has been prepared. Nidadaan nan panganan. The table is ready. Tinibo mi an hay nidadaan ya abu ya duwan palangganan hinamal We saw that what was prepared for us were two basins of rice mi‑/ni‑. infl. mundadaan
dadag destroy. 1.1trans. refers to the destruction of concrete objects; may also refer to people or their reputations; to ruin; to destroy; to damage. Adim dadagon nan intanom ku. Do not destroy what I planted. Wada boppoy ginattang kuh ay-ayyam on dinadag mu. Whatever toy that I buy, you destroy it. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of an object . (sem. domains: 7.9.3 - Destroy.) 1.2pass. the passive form refers to the state of being damaged or destroyed, without an agent. Madadag am-in di nitanom te itotool nay udan. All the plants will be damaged because it keeps raining. Nadadag nan ingkail ku te makudang di inha-ad kun binokbok. The rice wine I prepared is ruined because I did not put enough yeast into it. ma‑/na‑. 1.3mod. expresses the facility with which an undergoer-object can be put into a condition or state; easily destroyed. Kadinaddag tun payung te nalakay nangatang ku. This umbrella is easily destroyed because I bought it for a low price. ka‑ ‑inn‑. 1.4nom. the derived noun refers to the concept of destruction. Hay tumbuk di kadadagan di dakol an tagu. It is gossip that is the destruction (reputation) of many men. ka‑ ‑an. 1.5trans. to destroy, with an added component of having the ability to do this. Dumadag hi bale nan puwok an umali. The storm that is coming can destroy houses. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.
dadai (infl. of dai) advpred. expresses the passage of a period of time, implying there is a point from which it is measured; eventually. Mada-idaih ya pakayahyaak moppe te impainumanak hi liting. After a while, I could breathe again because she gave me a drink of water. ma‑. Time.
dadal sta. to be mature or ripe, refers to vegetables and fruit. Nadadal mo didan bulligan. Those winged beans are already matured. Nadadal danaen mangga an maphod an iha-ad ta mal-um. Those mangoes are matured which are good to be stocked to be ripened. Madadal da ke ot didan gagallat ya hiya. It is good if those pineapples will be matured. ma‑/na‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. Spec: luum. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.)
dadang 1comm. cooked rice that is crusted and browned; found at the bottom of the cooking pot. Idatam nadan u-ungah dadang. Give the children some crusted rice. Pinpinhod di uunga an mangan hi dadang. Children like to eat the crusty rice. Pinpinhod di udum di dadang immam-ana hin maatung pay. Others like very much the crusted rice especially when hot. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2sta. for rice to become crusted and browned. Deket natduk nan hinamal ya kaanon nan mundadalang to abuna nan bala ta madadangan. If the cooked rice is dry, remove the burning wood so that only the coals remain and the rice will become crusted and brown. muN/nuN‑, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. 6C Process or state of inanimate object.
dadiye demonstrative. the plural form of the Set 3; those over there (away from speaker and listener); anaphoric (back reference) in text. Dadiye nan in-alik an page. Those over there are the palay I brought. Dadiye ya abuy Ippangyol an niha-ad ad Kiangan. So those were the only Spaniards who came to Kiangan. Inilam met an sigud an adik pinhod dadiye. You know also that I don’t like those. Binungbungan dan am-in dadiyen babatu. They blasted all those rocks using dynamite. (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.) der. dadiyey n. ph. ke dadiye
dadiye nan ugge nalutu (id. of lutu) white-skinned people (lit. those uncooked/unripe ones).
dadiyey (der. of dadiye) demonstrative predicate. those are; a demonstrative predicate that refers back to a previous statement in context. Ya hana ot ta dadiyey un-unudok. (Psalm 119:5) It would be good if those are the things I would follow. (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.)
dadlu trans. to give up hope; to despair; to no longer value life. [This is an emotion that results in certain types of behavior, e.g. abandoning family, selling possessions or taking one’s life.] Indadluwam mo ahan di nitaguwam ta deyan pun-igattang mun am-in di ngunut mu. You don’t value your life anymore and so you are selling everything you have. Indadluwana ot e muntu-un nah pangdo. She lost all hope so she went and jumped from the cliff. i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. Sim: lakud. (sem. domains: 3.2.7.2 - Hopeless.)
daga₁ intrans. for a substance or liquid to go through holes; to fall through; seep through. Mundagay hinamal nah dulung mi te nadaddawwa. Rice falls through our floor because the boards are a bit far apart. Adim ihudu nan liting nah buhi te dumaga. Do not put the water in the jar because it will seep/flow out directly. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1B Movment with a directional component. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.5 - Move down.)
daga₂ advpred. to do something quickly. Atonah tuwet adi mundagan e bumudduy ena kinan. It does this so that what it eats will not come out at once. muN‑/nuN‑. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.6.4.4 - Immediately.)
dagami 1comm. dried stalks of rice. Ha-adam hi dagami nan puyok ta adi madanglol. Place rice stalks on the mud so (the path) will not be slippery. Takon di munnanong nan dagami ot nalakan matanok. Just let the rice stalks remain, anyway, they easily become soft (and decay). Hay ke uung ya mabalin an tummol hi dagami. Mushrooms can grow in rice straw. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.) 2trans. to place rice straws with location in view. Dagamiyan yu nan balen di babuy. Place rice straws in the pigpen. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.
dagay intrans. 1something goes in and out of a system, e.g. water in and out of a pipe. muN‑/nuN‑. 2(fig) extended meaning related to not listening well, i.e. words go in one ear and out of the other.
dagdag trans. to make someone hurry. Dagdagon yuh tulang yu ta adi maladaw. Hurry your brother so he will not be late. Dagdagom hi Tayyaban ta umali mo. Hurry Tayyaban so that he will come right away. Antipet adika madagdag? Why can’t you be hurried? ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 8.4.8 - Speed.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
dagga v. to go beyond a given place. Deket ume kah balen da ya madagga ka ni-an hi Shrine ta eka mangala nah lappaw ta waday ahi ta idecorate nah simbaan. If you are going to their house, go beyond to the Shrine first to get sunflowers so we will have something to decorate the church. ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 7.2.3.5 - Move past, over, through.) Daggana
Daggana (dagga) prop. the bottomless sub-layer of the underworld; the Beyond Place. In-en Kabbigat nan numbakiyana nah Daggana. Kabbigat (a supernatural being) took sacrificed-meat to Daggana. (sem. domains: 1 - Universe, creation.)
dag-u 1intrans. to stop by someone’s residence or business place; drop-by, for a reason, not just to visit. [In Ifugao culture, people may stop by for eating or sleeping or other reasons.] Ahika dumag-uh gattak tun golang. Drop by a store for this baby’s milk. Nundag-uwak hi bale yu handi mu maid ka. I stopped by your house before but you were not there. Deket malpu kad Lagawe ya nundag-u kah tut waday ipaad kun ahim kalyon ke amam. When you come from Lagawe, you come here so I can tell you the message which you are to tell your father. muN‑/nuN‑,‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1C General class. (sem. domains: 4.2.1.4 - Visit.) 2trans. to stop by to leave something or pick up something. Idag-u yu nan ginattang kuh bale. Drop/Leave the things I bought at home. Dag-uwom nan libluk hi balen da Ana. Stop by the house of Ana and get my book. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. der. pundag-uwan