Tuwali Ifugao – English


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akaw adjunct. expression of dismay or disappointment; good grief; oh no. Eka ke ibagan Sakai hin mabalin an makilugan takuh kotsa da. Akaw, adiyak te bumainak. Would you go and ask Sakai if we can ride with him in his car? Oh no, I will not because I would be embarassed. Interjection. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.)
akbab comm. a plant variety with fruit hooked on roots which are above ground. (sem. domains: 1.5 - Plant.)
akbo trans. to jump onto something, e.g. pig, and using the whole body to catch or hold. Iakbom ta dopapom din babuy Jump down and catch the pig. Akbowam nan babuy. Jump onto the pig to catch it. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3I Direct action toward object. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1.3 - Jump.)
akbut 1comm. a backpack; a knapsack. [Formerly, the backpack was always made of animal hide] Pinhod kuy akbut an umat nah ginattang mu. I want a knapsack just like the one you bought. Adida ke ihda nan bolat na ya kapyaon dah akbut. When they do not eat the skin, they make it into a backpack. Sim: bango, pahhiking, hakbat. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2intrans. to use a backpack. Mun-akbut la hin umanamut ka. Use a backpack when you go home. In-akbut na nan bulwatina. He placed his clothes in a backpack. muN‑/nuN‑, i‑/iN‑.
akdang (sp. var. akkang) 1comm. a stride; a pace or step. Andukkey akdang di Amerikano. Americans have long strides. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1 - Walk.) 2intrans. to be walking rapidly. Kaakdaakdang nadan binabai. The women were striding rapidly. ka‑ CVCV‑. Sim: akad. der. hin-akdang
ake (sp. var. amke) adjunct. an expression emphasizing the demand for someone to look at something. Akeh tu! Look at this! Interjection. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.)
akhop 1sta. having little relative height; situated below normal height; low. Naakhop nan kaiw di be-et. The guava tree is very low. Umakhop nan duplanu. The airplane will lower itself. Naak-akhop di kad-an nan baleyu. Your house is on a lower place. ma‑/na‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 6D Descriptives. ant: tag-e. (sem. domains: 8.2.6.4 - Low.) 2intrans. to be aware of one’s shortcomings; to show respect for others; to be humble. Maphod di mun-akhop namam-a hin waday bahul. One should be humble especially if he is at fault. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.2.2 - Humble, 4.5.6.2 - Low status.)
akhup 1trans. to overtake someone; to catch up with; come upon someone. Gal-an yun mundallan ta akhupan taku dida. Walk faster so we will overtake them. Inakhupak didan munlinillinih bale da. I came upon them cleaning their house. Gal-am ot wadan akhupam hi baleda. Hurry so you might catch up with them at their home. Mahmok ka ot kuman ugge nangakhup ke hiya. It’s a pity that you missed her (didn’t overtake her). ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, maN‑/naN‑. 5C Goal oriented site. Sim: lah-i. (sem. domains: 7.2.2 - Move in a direction.) 2intrans. to meet someone. Ahi ta mun-akhup hidi. We will meet there. muN‑/nuN‑.
ak-ak 1trans. to separate thread; pull apart without breaking as in separating thread; untangle. Ak-akom nan tinayum. Separate the threads of your weaving. ‑on/‑in‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 7.5.1.1 - Separate, scatter.) 2intrans. to separate the strands of thread, rope. Mun-ak-ak hi tulang na. Her sibling is separating thread. Umak-ak ka nah linubid. Unwind some strands from the rope. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑.
aki 1comm. very strong jealousy of someone’s advantage. [Someone would rather throw away or destroy something than to let it be for another’s advantage; this type of jealousy is considered to be worse than the imut-type.] Namahig di akin Allaga. Allaga is jealous of others well being. 6B Characteristic of human nature or life situation. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.1.8 - Jealous.) 2sta. to be selfish, jealous. Maka-akin hinag-on. He is such a selfish neighbor. ma‑, makaC‑.
akid comm. an invented excuse; reason for something; alibi. Hay pangiakidanan ugge immali ya mahakit kanuy uluna. His excuse for not having come is that he had a headache. pangi‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 4.7.5.4 - Defend against accusation.) der. immakid
akkad 1comm. stilts; two poles with straps to hold each foot to elevate a person in walking. [Stilts are usually made and used by children for their entertainment.] Nakattag-e nan akkad an kinapyan Jose. The stilts Jose made are very tall. (sem. domains: 4.2.6 - Entertainment, recreation.) 2intrans. to use stilts in walking. Mun-akkad kayun nah dola. Walk with stilts in the yard. muN‑/nuN‑.
akkang (sp. var. of akdang) trans. to take a step. Iakkang muh tu kad-ak. Take a step towards me.
aklib trans. to scatter things while searching for something; to get things and scatter them, mostly done by children when parents have put things up or away. Tipet umanaklib kayu? Why do you keep searching among things and scattering them. Nganney anaklibon yu? What are you always searching for? ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 7.5.1.1 - Separate, scatter.)
akmul trans. to suck; to lick something hard which is put in and out of the mouth like a lollipop. Akmulam nan kindi. Lick on the candy. Pun-akmulan nan golang di gamat na. The child is licking his fingers. E pulhon Jose nan tinapay an punkan Pablu mu inakmulan Pablu nan tinapay kinali ugge inalan Jose. Jose wanted to grab the piece of bread that Pablu was eating but Pablu licked the piece of bread so Jose didn’t get it. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. Sim: luplup, mulmul. (sem. domains: 5.2.2 - Eat.)
ako trans. 1to steal something from someone. Adiyu akawon nan manuk. Don’t steal the chicken. Eda immakoh mahapul da. They went to steal some of their necessities. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4C Convey/bring something toward agent. (sem. domains: 6.8.9.1 - Steal.) 2the person who steals; the thief is cross-referenced by the affix. Inakhupan Santiago nan lalakin e nangako nadah manuk na. Santiago caught the man who stole his chicken. Hiya ya mangakon unga. He is a child who steals. maN‑/naN‑. infl. mangako
aksidente comm. an undesirable and unexpected event. Sim: disgrasya. (sem. domains: 4.4.2 - Trouble.)
aktor comm. an actor. Aktor di tulang Juan. Juan’s brother is a movie actor. (sem. domains: 4.2.6 - Entertainment, recreation.) Language Of Borrowing: English: actor.
akup₁ comm. owl, small species; size of young chicken, tastes like chicken, has white eggs. Tumakutak hi akup nah hilong. I am afraid of owls at night. Strigiformes spec: bulayyu. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)
akup₂ trans. to scoop something with both hands. Akupom nan bogan nah luhung. Scoop out the grains of rice from the mortar. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent. Sim: kupkup. (sem. domains: 7.5.1 - Gather.)
akuy₁ intrans. to long for something; to crave something. Restrictions: Hudhud epic. Umakuy hi iibana. He is longing to see his kinsmen. {literary} ‑um‑. (sem. domains: 3.3 - Want.)
akuy₂ trans. to be kind to someone; to have compassion for someone, the feeling always results in giving help. Hi Maria ya inakuy na nan in-ina. Maria had compassion on the old woman. Maphod di akuyon nadan u-ungan maid di ammod da. It’s good if orphans are adopted. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. Sim: agamid. (sem. domains: 4.3.4.2 - Help.)
akyam trans. refers to vines and roots of plants that spread over an area. Ambilog di inakyaman nan apapet te maluwab. The bitter herb has spread widely because it’s robust. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing site by adding something. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.)
ala obtain. 1.1trans. to become the receiver or owner of something; get. An inalam nan agam nah butilya? Did you get your medicine from the bottle? E inalan Gaby nan lata mu dakol moy imme nadah allama. Gaby got the can but many of the crabs got away. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Move object toward agent. (sem. domains: 7.3.3.1 - Take something from somewhere.) 1.2intrans. to get a restricted quantity of something. Umala ka hi lappaw ta pun-alad ku. Get some Jerusalem artichoke so I can make a fence. Umala da nan tataguh andukken hapang ta ihamad dan igakod nan hagabih di. The men in the forest look for a sturdy branch or pole and to this, they tie the hagabi-bench. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1.3pass. for something to be gotten. Dakol di maalan mangga hidi. There’s a lot of mangoes which could be taken from there. ma‑/na‑. der. mangalana infl. maala
alabat intrans. to interrupt a conversation. <The prefix maN- is the only affix allowed.> Mangalabat ka. You are interrupting. maN‑. Sim: bibyang. (sem. domains: 7.2.7.1 - Stop moving.)