Tuwali Ifugao – English


ad-adi (der. of adi) advpred. evaluates and describes something as bad or awful. Hi ke aman din hi Dulawan ya waday ad-adin inat di bumdang ke hiya. As for my late father, Dulnuwan, he had a very bad experience with the bumdang-spirit. Ad-adiy nangiha-ad na nadah karga. He didn’t place the baggage in an orderly way. Hay punnomnom ku tuh liblu ya ad-adi. As for my thinking about the book, it was awful. (sem. domains: - Bad.) infl. ad-adiyon
ad-ading comm. an ant species. Sim: bubuwit, allaga. (sem. domains: - Insect.)
ad-adiyon (infl. of ad-adi) trans. to disapprove of something that others do. Ad-adiyonah diyen eda inat ke hiya. He did not approve of what they did to him. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: - Disagree.)
adi 1neg. negation of intentional and abilitative actions; will not; cannot. Adiyak ume. I will not go. Adiyak paka-adal nan kumalih English. I cannot learn to speak English. Mu adi nama-ag on himmagabiy tagu. But not just anyone can perform the hagabi-ceremony. (sem. domains: - No, not.) 2neg. negative answer to a question regarding intention to act; no. 3neg. negative of the command to perform or execute an action; don’t. Adim alan. Don’t get it. Iadim di humgop hi baleyu. Don’t let anyone enter your house. i‑/iN‑. 4trans. to prohibit or prevent an action. Umali nah langtay ya inang-ang nah Lammooy an gimpanay takle nat iadi nanno umeh Pangka. He came to the bridge and he saw Lammooy who extended his arm preventing Pangka to pass. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: - Disagree.) comp. adi bo comp. adinadama comp. adin-abu der. addi-addi der. ad-addi der. ad-adi der. adiyon der. miadi der. mun-addiaddi
adi bo (comp. of adi, bo) neg. negation of an additional statement related to a previous one; also, not this. [The sentence example is one of the 10 commandments in the Bible.] {This phrase is used when there is a series of negated statements in a communicative context.} Adi bo nalgom di pangiusalan yuh ngadan ku. (Deuteronomy 5:11) Also, you must not carelessly use my name. (sem. domains: - No, not.)
adi maboblayan sta. this phrase refers to an uninhabited and uncultivated area; wilderness. Ot bumtik da nah adi maboblayan ta ibtikan da nadan tindalun di holag Israel, mu pindug da dida ot patayon da dida. (Hanadan Huwes 20:42) And so they ran away toward the wilderness, running away from the soldiers, the descendants of Israel, but they chased them and they killed them. (sem. domains: - No, not.)
adi maimid di toko (id. of imid) talkative. an idiom describing someone who is very talkative. Adi maimid di tokona. Her mouth cannot be closed. (She is very talkative.) (sem. domains: 4.3 - Behavior.)
adi manghop (ph. v. of ngohop) . implies that a person has a desire that is unlikely to be fulfilled, but continues to have hope; fits the English saying ‘to hope against hope’. {The Christian Bible references are given for the purpose of encouraging research as to how this phrase is used in a story context.} Adi manghop hi Juan an emun-adal. John is not without the desire/hope to go and study. Hidiyen babai ya adi manghop ot mundukkun hi hinangngab na. (Matthew 15:25) That woman, she did not lose hope and so she knelt before him. Mu hi David ya adi manghop. (1 Samuel 17:34) But as for David, he did not lose hope. Kapyanan wadada nadan adi manghop. As expected, there were those who did not lose hope. Nanongnan adi kayu manghop. You still did not lose hope. (sem. domains: - Hope.)
adi mumbayag (ph. v. of bayag) v. by negating the verb meaning ‘long time’, the concept of short time is expressed. Hay ittolyah dingngol ku handi ya handi dandani mitungo nan tulang ku ya kumananta nan kilkilang nah nih-up hi balemi ot adi mumbayag ya nakatte nan tulang kun golang. The story I heard before is that when it was nearly time for my brother to be born, there was this night bird that always sang near our house, and so the baby died in a short time. (sem. domains: 8.4.3 - Indefinite time.)
adinadama (comp. of adi, nadama) negpred. predicates that an action or event cannot be done or cannot happen; it is impossible. Adinadama bon magatang. It cannot be bought. Adinadaman eda umed uwani They can’t possibly leave now./It’s impossible for them to leave now. Adinadaman hituy pangatan mi. It is impossible that this is what we’ll do. (sem. domains: - Impossible.)
adin-abu (comp. of abu, adi) advpred. to the greatest degree, describing only negative circumstances; very; extremely. <Morphology: abu as a compound with the negative, adi, takes the maximizing absolutive of abu and adds a negative extremity notion and functions as a predication.> Adin-abuy hakit tun nag-od. My cut is unbearably painful. Adin-abuy paminhod nan hiya. She loves him very much. Modality - Intensive. (sem. domains: - To a larger degree.)
adiyon (der. of adi) trans. to reject what is suggested or what is done. Adiyon da man anhan di atona They surely will not accept what he does. (sem. domains: - Disagree.)
adn’iman adv. now. [This form is likely borrowed from another dialect of Ifugao.] Restrictions: Hudhud. Adniman di pangaliyan Dinulawan. It is today that Dinulawan will come. {literary} Time. Syn: ad uwani. (sem. domains: 8.4.5 - Relative time.)
ado₁ trans. to remove grasses from rice paddy and pile against the dike to make paddy mounds during the fallow season; used for planting vegetables. Umeyak hi payo te eyak mangado. I’ll go to the field to make paddy mounds. maN‑. (sem. domains: 6.2.2 - Land preparation.) der. inado infl. mangado
ado₂ (sp. var. adaw) trans. to get cooked food, root crops and vegetables from a pot; to dish up cooked food. Adawom nan gattuk. Dish up the camote. Umado ka nah ihda. Dish up some viand. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4C Convey/ bring objects toward agent. Sim: bano, ak’ud, haklung, hoklad; Sim: bak’uy. (sem. domains: - Serve.)
adod-’on₁ intrans. rumbling sound, referring to earth when there’s strong thunder. Mun-adod-on peman di pangat di kidul. The earth rumbles due to the thunder. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: - Types of sounds.)
adod-’on₂ (sp. var. odod-on) intrans. to do housekeeping work; housework. Mun-adod-on ka hin wada ka tuh bale. Do household work when you are at home. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class. (sem. domains: 5 - Daily life, 6.1 - Work.)
adol comm. 1physical body with all its parts. Mahakit di adol ku. My body aches. Oha bo ya mahmok di adol. One more thing is that you should pity your body. Indani ya magibok nan mahakit am-in di adol na, ya nakakkaktol. Later, he felt pain all over his body and he began to feel the cold. Sim: kaha. (sem. domains: 2.1 - Body.) 2trunk of tree. Nadunut di adol nan akasya. The trunk of the acacia tree is rotten. Abunay hukik an nangipakkid nah adol di kaiw, mu ongnga-ongngal ot muntattayunak nah hapang. It was only my legs that held on around the trunk of the tree; but it was big so I had to hang from a branch. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.) der. nangadol
adug to guard something or someone. 1.1trans. to watch over; to guard. Adugan yu nan ihda te ibtik nan puha. Guard the viand because the cat will run off with it. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal oriented actions. Sim: bantay. 1.2trans. to guard a baby implies one babysits; take care of a baby. Mun-adug kah golang hi bigbigat. You will baby sit tomorrow. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: - Care for.) 1.3caus. to have someone babysit. Ipaadug ku nan golang ke he-ah bigat ta umeyak ad Lagawe. I will have you babysit the baby tomorrow so that I can go to Lagawe. ipa‑/impa‑. comp. ahiadug
adugayyap intrans. 1to be scattered everywhere, due to a large number. Umadugayyap da. They are scattered everywhere. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: - Separate, scatter.) 2to put out runners like a creeping plant, e.g. sayote; to spread. 2A Movement from one place to another. (sem. domains: 6.2.1 - Growing crops.)
adukke (fr. var. of andukke)
ae comm. kind of vine used to tie bundles of wood in forest or as a rope for carabao; it has some elasticity. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.)
ag’a adjunct. 1a polite expression; please; excuse me. {This is a polite expression that can be used to soften a request or demand; also, it can be used to excuse oneself from an event or communication situation.} Idat yu agah tuwe ke Maria? Will you please give this to Maria? Agak, apapon daka? Agam, ten pinhod mu. Shall I go ahead and slap you? Go ahead, if it pleases you. Aga ta mangmangngeyak pe. Excuse me, I’m going ahead. Agat ek aton hanan ngunuk ta magibbu. Excuse me, I will go to finish my work so that it will be done. Aga, nangamung boh pidwana. There now, till next time. Aga, di inalam ad Manila. Please (let me see) what you got in Manila. Aga ke ta ha-oy di muntudok. Move away so I’ll (be the one) to write. Interpersonal. (sem. domains: 9.2.6 - Particles.) 2expression that means to go ahead and do something or continue action. Mun-ap-apo wak kanu ya- uggek inila nan ia-apok. Aga mot nan bumdang di ia-apok. According to them, I’ll tell a story; oh, I don’t know what to relate. Okay, I’ll tell a story about roaming spirits. Agam, deket pinhod mun makie ya mundadaan kah pihhum ta deke ya imme ta. Go ahead. If you want to join in going, save your money so that we can go. (sem. domains: 3.5 - Communication.) der. agannat
ag’i comm. sibling; brother; sister; cousin. Hin-aaggi dadiyen u-ungan mun-ay-ayyam. Those children playing are cousins. All the relatives of the same generation as the speaker may be referred to as a sibling. hin‑ CV‑ C2. Sim: iba, manang, tulang, kamang. (sem. domains: - Brother, sister.)
aga₁ 1comm. medicine. [This word may refer to any herbal plant or medicine used to treat sickness.] Inumom hanan agam. You drink your medicine. (sem. domains: - Medicine.) 2treat medically. 2.1trans. to treat with medicine. Makat agahan ta hanan sugat mu. Come and we’ll treat your wound. Iaga ta tun ginattang inam. We’ll treat it with what your mother bought. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 2.5.1 - Sick, 2.5.3 - Injure.) 2.2pass. to be treated with medicine; to be cured of sickness. Inumom nan aga ta maagahan ka. Take the medicine so that you will be cured. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: - Recover from sickness.) 3intrans. one who treats with medicine; doctor; healer. Hiyay mun-aga nah nag-od. He will be the one to treat the wound. muN‑/nuN‑. der. mun-aga der. pun-agahan infl. agahan