Tuwali Ifugao – English


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ayakaak intrans. sound of splashing water. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)
ayam intrans. for children to play together; for adults to visit. “Daanay nangayaayam? kanan ina. “Where have you been playing?” mother asked. (sem. domains: 4.2.6 - Entertainment, recreation.)
aydaayda adjunct. nonsense words, added for rhythm and assonance to rituals or epics.
aydu 1comm. in-law; brother-in-law; sister-in-law. Hin-aydu da. They are in-laws. (sem. domains: 4.1.9.2 - Related by marriage.) 2v. to designate someone as an in-law. Ayduwon Jose nan nate. The dead person is an in-law of Jose. Mun-aydu da. They are in-laws. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑.
ay-aya sta. to be appropriate, refers to clothes that fit just right in size, length, appearance. Naka-ay-ayay ampuyon Bugan. Bugan’s skirt was just right for her. {literary} na‑. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.)
ay-ayam (sp. var. ay-ayyam)
ay-ayyam (sp. var. of ay-ayam) 1) intrans. refers to any recreational activity, children playing or adults spending time together. Mun-ay-ayyam kayu nah daulon di bale. You play under the house. Sim: pahyal, hungdu. (sem. domains: 4.2.6 - Entertainment, recreation.) 2) comm. playground Pinhod kuh shrine an pun-ay-ayyaman. I like the shrine as a place to play/visit. 3) comm. refers to something children play with; toy. Wada boppoy ginattang kuh ay-ayyam on dinadag mu. Whenever I buy a toy, you destroy it.
ay-o ta-wa adjunct. an expression of remembering; said with emphasis. Ay-o ta-wa, makulug nan kinalim. Oh yes, I definitely remember now, what you said is true. Attitudinal - Emphasis. (sem. domains: 9.4.6 - Yes.)
ay-un trans. to convey/take something to a predetermined place. Kay anhan ya idatong dah boble ta inay-un dah dolan di himmagabi. Sooner or later, the hagabi-bench will arrive in the village brought by the men and taken to the yard of the man performing the ceremony. Imbughul na nan panto ya inay-unan dimmop-a nah dola. As soon as he opened the door, he took it and jumped outside. i‑/iN‑. 3E Move an object directionally. (sem. domains: 7.3.3 - Take somewhere.)
ayo (sp. var. ayyo) adjunct. expression of dismay or distress about something being wasted. Nakai-ayo. It’s been completely wasted. naka‑ i‑. Attitudinal. Sim: sayang, kawa. (sem. domains: 9.4.5.1 - Evaluator.)
ayod 1comm. a hammock-style cradle used for babies and small children. Ihaad mu nan kuyat nah ayod ta mahuyop. You put the child in his hammock-cradle so that he will sleep. Iyayong mu nan ayod. Swing the hammock-cradle back and forth. (sem. domains: 5.1 - Household equipment.) 2intrans. to use a hammock-cradle for a baby or for carrying a sick person to a doctor or hospital. Mun-ayod kayun tulang mu. Use the hammock-cradle with your sibling. Iayod mu nan golang ta mahuyop. Place the baby in the hamoock-cradle so he will sleep. Iayod yu nan mundogo. Use the hammock-cradle to carry the sick person. mun‑, i‑.
ayok-ok intrans. to make a bubbling sound. Mun-aayok-ok di hina-ang na. What she is cooking is making a bubbling sound. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)
ayon-on intrans. 1rumbling sound of very distant thunder or explosion. Mun-aayon-on di kidul handi hilong. The distant thunder could be heard rumbling last night. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2to make rumbling noise as of thunder. Mun-aayon-on di luta te hay kidul. There’s a rumbling noise on the earth because of the thunder. general: One speaker suggested that this refers to a kind of silent thunder that seems to affect the earth during the rainy season, July and August. muN‑/nuN‑.
Ayta (sp. var. Alta; sp. var. Aeta) prop. Philippine aborigine; short person with negroid features; native of Bataan or Zambales. Dakol di Ayta nah muyung. There are many Aytas in the forest. Sim: pugut. (sem. domains: 4.1.9.8 - Family, clan.)
ayu intrans. to overflow; to flow out of something. Mun-aayuy danum nah buwod. Water is overflowing the jar. Umayuy danum nah dulung. Water will flow on the floor. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 1.3.2 - Movement of water.)
ayuduk trans. to creep under; to bend over under something.; to walk bent over under something. Iayuduk mu nah mabilau ta ahika dumatong. You have to creep under the thick canegrass before you will reach your destination. Ayodukom nan bola nah daulon. Creep to retrieve the ball under the house. Eka mun-ayuduk nah daulon ta tibom nan nag-a. You go under the house and look for the one that fell. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑, mun‑/nuN‑. Sim: uduk. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1 - Walk.)
ayug trans. to melt in fire, e.g. plastic, candle, thin metal, lead. Ayugom tun gakod di banga. Melt this pot’s wire handle. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 5.5 - Fire.)
ayugu comm. 1shady area under overhanging roof. Sim: aldattan, dola, ta-angan. 2may refer to the place where rain drips off a roof forming channels and rivulets.
ayum (sp. var. of ayup) 1) trans. to tame an animal or bird, e.g. a dog, pig, carabao, birds. Ayumon yu nan bulangon. Tame the monkey. (sem. domains: 6.3.1 - Domesticated animal.) 2) proc. refers to the process of becoming tame. Umayum nan ahu hin adim banakdungan. The dog will become tame if you don’t keep hitting it. 3) sta. to be tame, describes an animal that is tame. Maayum day ahuyu. Your dogs are tame.
ayup (sp. var. ayum) 1trans. to tame an animal or bird. Ayupon yu nan baka ta nadan u-ungay mangipattol. Tame the cow so that the children will be the ones to pasture it. ‑on‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 6.3.1 - Domesticated animal.) 2sta. for an animal to be tame. Maayup nan babuy. The pig is tame. ma-/na-.
ayy’ud 1comm. a basket for holding spoons, small and woven of rattan. Napnu nan ayud hi idu. The basket is full of spoons. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to place spoons in basket. Iayyud mu tun idu. Put these spoons in the basket. i‑/iN‑.
ayyakaw (sp. var. of ayyakkaw) adjunct. expression of disgust or dismay. Ayyakaw! Adim ke hintamtammaon. Oh no! Will you stop pretending you don’t know? (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.)
ayyakkaw (sp. var. ayyakaw) adjunct. expression of disgust, dismay; My! My!
ayyam 1recreation time. 1.1intrans. refers to spending recreational time with others; may be used in regard to both children and adults. 2friend. 2.1comm. playmate; friend. Immali nan ayyam ku. My friend came. Syn: gayyum. (sem. domains: 9.7.1 - Name of a person.) 2.2intrans. to befriend someone. Ayyamon yu nadan udum an u-unga. Play with/Befriend the other children. ‑on. ayyamon. 3intrans. Adim mo painnay-ayyam te mahapul an mun-istudy kah ustu. You are not going to squander your time because you must study. (sem. domains: 4 - Social behavior.) ayyamon der. mangay-ayyam
ayyamon (ayyam) to befriend someone. Ayyamon yu nadan udum an u-unga. Play with/befriend the other children. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 4.1.1 - Friend.)