Tuwali Ifugao – English


a


akup₂ trans. to scoop something with both hands. Akupom nan bogan nah luhung. Scoop out the grains of rice from the mortar. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent. Sim: kupkup. (sem. domains: 7.5.1 - Gather.)
akuy₁ intrans. to long for something; to crave something. Restrictions: Hudhud epic. Umakuy hi iibana. He is longing to see his kinsmen. {literary} ‑um‑. (sem. domains: 3.3 - Want.)
akuy₂ trans. to be kind to someone; to have compassion for someone, the feeling always results in giving help. Hi Maria ya inakuy na nan in-ina. Maria had compassion on the old woman. Maphod di akuyon nadan u-ungan maid di ammod da. It’s good if orphans are adopted. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. Sim: agamid. (sem. domains: 4.3.4.2 - Help.)
akyam trans. refers to vines and roots of plants that spread over an area. Ambilog di inakyaman nan apapet te maluwab. The bitter herb has spread widely because it’s robust. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing site by adding something. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.)
ala obtain. 1.1trans. to become the receiver or owner of something; get. An inalam nan agam nah butilya? Did you get your medicine from the bottle? E inalan Gaby nan lata mu dakol moy imme nadah allama. Gaby got the can but many of the crabs got away. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Move object toward agent. (sem. domains: 7.3.3.1 - Take something from somewhere.) 1.2intrans. to get a restricted quantity of something. Umala ka hi lappaw ta pun-alad ku. Get some Jerusalem artichoke so I can make a fence. Umala da nan tataguh andukken hapang ta ihamad dan igakod nan hagabih di. The men in the forest look for a sturdy branch or pole and to this, they tie the hagabi-bench. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1.3pass. for something to be gotten. Dakol di maalan mangga hidi. There’s a lot of mangoes which could be taken from there. ma‑/na‑. der. mangalana infl. maala
alabat intrans. to interrupt a conversation. <The prefix maN- is the only affix allowed.> Mangalabat ka. You are interrupting. maN‑. Sim: bibyang. (sem. domains: 7.2.7.1 - Stop moving.)
alad 1comm. fence; enclosure of ground. Napa-i nan alad taku. Our fence was destroyed. Inyapana nah kad-an di alad. He jumped into a place near the fence. Sim: iya, luhud. (sem. domains: 6.5.1.5 - Fence, wall.) 2intrans. to build a fence. Mun-alad hi Jose. Jose is building a fence. Umalaka hi lappao ta pun-alad ku. Get some Jerusalem artichoke so that I can use to make a fence. Umalad kah pukungan di gawgawa. Fence a space for a duck pen. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3trans. to focus is on what is used for building a fence or what is being fenced. Ialad mu nan bilau. Use the canegrass for in building a fence. Aladon yu nan dola. Build a fence around your yard. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. 4pass. to be fenced. Naaladan nan ek pangidalanan. The way I will pass by is fenced. ma‑/na‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
aladdu 1comm. key. Nangihdiyam nah aladdun di bale? Where did you put the key to the house? Pudugom hi Jose ta em idat tun aladdu. Run after Jose and give this key to him. (sem. domains: 6.7.5 - Fastening tool, 7.5.4.1 - Rope, string.) 2trans. to lock up. Ialaddum nan bale hin lumah-un ka. Lock the house when you go out. Aladduwom nan kaban. Lock the wooden crate. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.6.1 - Shut, close.)
aladu 1comm. a farm implement used to break up and prepare soil for planting; a plow. [The plow has one blade and one handle attached.] Natupu nan aladu te mabatu nan payoda. The plow became dull because their field is rocky. (sem. domains: 6.2.8 - Agricultural tool.) 2plowing. 2.1trans. to prepare soil for planting by using a plow; the activity itself is in view. An mun-aladu kayu nah payo yud uwani? Are you going to plow your field today? muN‑/nuN‑. 2.2trans. to prepare some specified amount of ground for planting; activity is in view. Umaladu kah puntanman hi gahhilang. Plow an area to be planted with corn. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 6.2 - Agriculture.) 3plow soil. 3.1trans. the soil being prepared for planting is in view. Kon aladuwon yu nan payo da? Are you are going to plow their field? ‑on/‑in‑. 3.2pass. the passive form which describes the soil being prepared for planting. Adi maaladu te mabatu. It cannot be plowed because it’s rocky. ma‑. 3.3trans. the plow implement is in view in the preparation of soil for planting. Ialadu yu nan ka-apya. Use the new plow. i‑/iN‑.
alagaag intrans. squealing of pigs. [The usual way of killing pigs is by piercing the heart with a sharpened stake.] Mun-alagaag nan babuy te binalud da. The pig was squealing because they had bound it. Umalagaag nan babuy hin wewekon da. The pig will squeal when they pierce it. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1D Sounds. Sim: agaag. (sem. domains: 1.6.4.3 - Animal sounds.)
alak 1comm. irrigation canal. Maid di liting nah alak. There’s no water in the irrigation canal. Mibakilang kanuh Abe nah alak ot kanana kanuy “Aday, aday, aday, aday. According to him, he lay down in the ditch and he said “Ow, ow, ow, ow.” Sim: paluk, boy’a, kanal. (sem. domains: 6.6.7 - Working with water.) 2trans. to build an irrigation ditch. <With this affixation the agent-subject is fronted and cross-referenced.> Hi Jose di mangalak hitu. Jose wil build the canal here. maN‑/naN‑. der. mangalak
alal 1sta. to be dizzy from chewing betelnut or smoking strong tobacco. Naalalak nah mimmak. I felt dizzy after chewing betelnut. ma‑/na‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. (sem. domains: 2.4 - Body condition.) 2intrans. to cause someone to become dizzy. Umalal nan indat mun moma. The betelnut you gave causes dizziness. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.
alalahi comm. a tree, cloth fiber variety, has white flowers. [The bark fibers of this tree are used for weaving cloth; the fibers must be soaked to prepare them.] (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)
alamanu intrans. to shake hands in agreement. Nakialamanu dan dakamih pangipatib-an dan abuluton dakami. They shook hands with us to show that they accepted us. maki‑/naki‑. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.4 - Agree with someone.)
alambri 1comm. barbed wire. Aladam hi alambri nan kudal. Fence the ranch/pasture land with barbed wire. (sem. domains: 6.7.5 - Fastening tool, 7.5.4.1 - Rope, string.) 2trans. to fence with wire. Alambrian yu nan kudal. Build a barbed wire fence around the pasture land. Naalambrian nan dolada. Their yard is fenced with barbed wire. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. 3intrans. for someone to fence an area. <With this affixatrion, the subject -agent is fronted and cross-referenced.> Hiyay mangalambri nah kudal. He will be the one to fence the pasture land with barbed wire. maN‑/naN‑. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.
alana 1comm. the person who seeks revenge by prowling at night. (sem. domains: 4.8.2.5 - Revenge.) 2trans. to prowl to take revenge; hunt people for revenge; avenge; revenge seeker. [A relative of the victim of a murder goes out at night to look for someone to kill, especially a relative of the one who killed his family member.] Eda mangalana nadan iiban nan pinate da. The relatives of the slain victim are going to prowl the night to seek revenge (lit. seek the one they will kill). maN‑.
alang comm. granary; it is built just like the native house except some have bamboo walls, and there’s no attic support. Inhakyat day pagen nah alang ad nakugab. They brought up the unhusked-rice from the fields to the granary yesterday. (sem. domains: 6.5.1 - Building.) der. mahin-alangan
alanganin advpred. predicates the uncertainty of something. Ya hay gapunah adina pangitikodan ya alanganin di biyag na hi punnomnom na And the reason he does not stop is he thinks his life would be uncertain. Evaluative.
alangngaang comm. throat; esophagus. Makakakiyakiy alangnga-ang ku. My throat is very itchy. Mahakit tun alangnga-ang ku. My throat is painful. (sem. domains: 2.1.1.4 - Mouth.)
alas comm. hour. Indani ya ena imama-uwan ya maid mo nadan e nangikuyug ke hiya, an wada nin an alas kuwatro mon diye. Then, at about 4:00 a.m. he suddenly noticed that he was left alone by his abductors. (sem. domains: 8.4.1 - Period of time.)
alate (sp. var. alatte) intrans. to move across something narrow suspended in the air, e.g. a tree branch, foot bridge. Tumakutak an umalate nah langtay an kaiw te nadunut. I am afraid to cross that wooden bridge because it’s rotten. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2A Movement from one place to another. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.)
alatte (sp. var. of alate)
alawa trans. 1to meet an omen bird on the way; the bird crosses over the path. Inalawan nan pitpit ot ibangngad na. He met an omen-bird so he returned. Uggeyak imme ad Bilong te inalawaak hi ido. I did not go to Bilong because the omen-bird crossed my path. ‑on/‑in‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 4.9.4.7 - Omen, divination.) 2to cross someone’s path; to meet someone on the road who stops you from going your intended way. Inalawaak ke Felisa ot maki-eyak ke hiya. Felisa crossed my path and so I went with her. Alawaom hi Idad ta kumdo kah moma. Block (with arms) the path of Idad so you can ask for betelnut. ‑on/‑in‑.
Alawag 1comm. name of thanksgiving ritual, follows rice harvest. Sim: bakle. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.7.1 - Thank, 4.9.5.4 - Religious ceremony.) 2trans. to perform the thanksgiving ritual by blessing rice cakes. Inalawag da nan binakle. They performed the alawag rite with the rice cakes. ‑on/‑in‑.
alawit sta. to be influenced by someone or something. Naalawit kah malumiin kalina. You were influenced by his sweet talk. na‑. 6B Characteristics of human nature or life situation. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.6 - Attitude.)